Cancer Cell International

http://www.cancerci.com/

List of Papers (Total 871)

RAC3 influences the chemoresistance of colon cancer cells through autophagy and apoptosis inhibition

RAC3 coactivator overexpression has been implicated in tumorigenesis, contributing to inhibition of apoptosis and autophagy. Both mechanisms are involved in resistance to treatment with chemotherapeutic agents. The aim of this study was to investigate its role in chemoresistance of colorectal cancer. The sensitivity to 5-fluorouracil and oxaliplatin in colon cancer cells HT-29, HCT ...

Acidic extracellular microenvironment and cancer

Acidic extracellular pH is a major feature of tumor tissue, extracellular acidification being primarily considered to be due to lactate secretion from anaerobic glycolysis. Clinicopathological evidence shows that transporters and pumps contribute to H+ secretion, such as the Na+/H+ exchanger, the H+-lactate co-transporter, monocarboxylate transporters, and the proton pump ...

Microencapsulation of low-passage poorly-differentiated human mucoepidermoid carcinoma cells by alginate microcapsules: in vitro profiling of angiogenesis-related molecules

Human mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) is regarded as the most common primary salivary malignancy. High-grade MEC has a high risk of recurrence and poor prognosis. Tumor angiogenesis, induced by poorly differentiated cancer cells of high-grade MEC, contributes to tumor growth and metastasis. Therefore, elucidating molecular mechanisms underlying the pro-angiogenic ability of poorly ...

Restoration of miR-29b exerts anti-cancer effects on glioblastoma

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is known as one of the most fatal forms of cancer. MicroRNAs have been widely implicated in the regulation of mammalian development and pathogenesis. The brain-enriched miR-29 subfamilies are known to be exclusively expressed in the developing brain, and they are aberrantly down-regulated in GBM. This study aims to elucidate the role of miR-29b in GBM ...

CBFA2T2 is associated with a cancer stem cell state in renal cell carcinoma

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common kidney cancer, accounting for approximately 80–90% of all primary kidney cancer. Treatment for patients with advanced RCC remains unsatisfactory. Rare cancer stem cells (CSCs) are proposed to be responsible for failure of current treatment. OncoLnc was used as a tool for interactively exploring survival correlations. Gene manipulation ...

MiR-20a-5p represses the multi-drug resistance of osteosarcoma by targeting the SDC2 gene

As one of the hallmarks of cancer, chemoresistance hinders curative cancer chemotherapy in osteosarcoma (OS). MicroRNAs (miRNAs) act as key regulators of gene expression in diverse biological processes including the multi-chemoresistance of cancers. Based on the CCK8 experiments, we performed an RNA-seq-based miR-omic analysis of osteosarcoma (OS) cells (a multi-chemosensitive OS ...

Synergistic anticancer effect of combined crocetin and cisplatin on KYSE-150 cells via p53/p21 pathway

More than 400,000 patients die from esophageal cancer annually. Considerable efforts have been made to develop new and effective treatments, one of which is directed toward herbal medication. Crocetin is a natural carotenoid dicarboxylic acid isolated from the Chinese herb saffron. We recently reported on the anticancer effects of saffron. This study aimed to determine whether ...

miR-422a inhibits cell proliferation in colorectal cancer by targeting AKT1 and MAPK1

miRNAs are regarded as molecular biomarkers and therapeutic targets for colorectal cancer (CRC), a series of miRNAs have been proven to involve into CRC carcinogenesis, invasion and metastasis. Aberrant miR-422a expression and its roles have been reported in some cancers. However, the function and underlying mechanism of miR-422a in the progression of CRC remain largely unknown. ...

Avenanthramide-C reduces the viability of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells through an apoptotic mechanism

Avenanthramides (AVN) are a relatively unstudied family of phytochemicals that could be novel chemotherapeutics. These compounds, found in oats, are non-toxic to healthy cells and have been shown to reduce viability of human colon and liver cancers in vitro. However, these studies do not elucidate a molecular mechanism for individual AVN. In this study we aim to see the effects of ...

The role of miR-485-5p/NUDT1 axis in gastric cancer

Cancers can survive the oxidative conditions by upregulating nucleoside diphosphate linked moiety X-type motif 1 (NUDT1). However, the mechanisms underlying gastric carcinogenesis and the dys-regulation of NUDT1 in gastric cancer (GC) remain unknown. Our study aimed to explore the role of NUDT1 and its regulatory pathway by miR-485-5p in GC. Gastric cancer tissues and paired ...

Integrated genomic characterization of cancer genes in glioma

Cancers are caused by the acquisition of somatic mutations. Numerous efforts have been made to characterize the key driver genes and pathways in glioma, however, the etiology of glioma is still not completely known. This study was implemented to characterize driver genes in glioma independently of somatic mutation frequencies. Driver genes and pathways were predicted by ...

Down-regulation of IFITM1 and its growth inhibitory role in cervical squamous cell carcinoma

Cervical cancer is a major cause of death in women worldwide. Interferon-induced transmembrane protein 1 (IFITM1) is involved in antivirus defense, cell adhesion, and carcinogenesis in different tissues. However, the role of IFITM1 gene in cervical squamous cell cancer is unclear. To explore the role of IFITM1 in carcinogenesis of cervical cancer, we investigated the expression of ...

Curcumin reduces mitomycin C resistance in breast cancer stem cells by regulating Bcl-2 family-mediated apoptosis

Curcumin, a natural compound derived from the turmeric rhizome Curcuma longa Linn, has anticancer and chemoresistance reduction biological activities. We evaluated the efficacy of curcumin in sensitizing chemotherapy drugs through regulation of Bcl-2-mediated apoptosis in breast cancer stem-like cells (BCSCs). Cell survival was measured using MTT assay. Apoptosis-related proteins ...

SNP rs3202538 in 3′UTR region of ErbB3 regulated by miR-204 and miR-211 promote gastric cancer development in Chinese population

ErbB3 is an oncogene which has proliferation and metastasis promotion effects by several signaling pathways. However, the individual expression difference regulated by miRNA was almost still unknown. We focused on the miRNAs associated SNPs in the 3′-UTR of ErbB3 to investigate the further relationship of the SNPs with miRNAs among Chinese gastric cancer (GC) patients. We performed ...

The role of pparγ and autophagy in ros production, lipid droplets biogenesis and its involvement with colorectal cancer cells modulation

In cancer cells, autophagy can act as both tumor suppressor, when autophagic event eliminates cellular contends which exceeds the cellular capacity of regenerate promoting cell death, and as a pro-survival agent removing defective organelles and proteins and helping well-established tumors to maintain an accelerated metabolic state while still dealing with harsh conditions, such as ...

The prognostic values of the expression of Vimentin, TP53, and Podoplanin in patients with cervical cancer

Epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT), TP53, and Podoplanin have been implicated in the tumorigenesis and metastasis of human cancers. Nevertheless, the clinical significance of these markers in cancer patients is still not clear. In this study, we sought to determine the prognostic values of Vimentin, TP53, and Podoplanin in patients with cervical cancer. Quantitative real-time ...

Ribonucleic acid interference knockdown of IL-6 enhances the efficacy of cisplatin in laryngeal cancer stem cells by down-regulating the IL-6/STAT3/HIF1 pathway

Cisplatin has been used in the treatment of many cancers, including laryngeal cancer; however, its efficacy can be reduced due to the development of drug resistance. This study aimed to investigate whether interleukin-6 (IL-6) knockdown may enhance the efficacy of cisplatin in laryngeal cancer stem cells (CSC) and the potential involvement of the signal transducer and activator of ...

MicroRNA-222 influences migration and invasion through MIA3 in colorectal cancer

miR-222 has been reported to be overexpressed in colorectal cancer and it influences cancer cell proliferation, drug resistance and metastasis. However, the underlying molecular mechanism of miR-222 in colorectal cancer cell invasion and migration has not been thoroughly elucidated to date. The cell cycle distribution and apoptosis were assessed by flow cytometry. Cell migration ...

PA-MSHA induces apoptosis and suppresses metastasis by tumor associated macrophages in bladder cancer cells

The aim of the present study was to investigate effects of Pseudomonas aeruginosa-mannose-sensitive hemagglutinin (PA-MSHA) on the inhibition of the proliferation of bladder cancer cell lines and to further define its functional mechanisms. A rat model of bladder tumor was induced by intravesical N-methyl-N nitrosourea. The dynamic growth of tumor was measured by whole-body ...

MicroRNA-32 promotes cell proliferation, migration and suppresses apoptosis in breast cancer cells by targeting FBXW7

Background MicroRNAs are a class of small non-coding RNAs that are involved in many important physiological and pathological processes by regulating gene expression negatively. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of miR-32 on cell proliferation, migration and apoptosis and to determine the functional connection between miR-32 and FBXW7 in breast cancer. Methods ...

TNF-α sensitizes chemotherapy and radiotherapy against breast cancer cells

Purpose Despite new developments in cancer therapy, chemotherapy and radiotherapy remain the cornerstone of breast cancer treatment. Therefore, finding ways to reduce the toxicity and increase sensitivity is particularly important. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) exerts multiple functions in cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. In the present study, we ...

HNRNPA2B1 regulates the epithelial–mesenchymal transition in pancreatic cancer cells through the ERK/snail signalling pathway

Background Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A2B1 (HNRNPA2B1) is closely related to tumour occurrence and development, oncogene expression, apoptosis inhibition and invasion and metastasis capacities. However, its function in the epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) of pancreatic cancer is not fully understood. Methods By comparing various wild-type pancreatic cancer cell ...

Role of CYP2E1 polymorphisms in breast cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Background CYP2E1 polymorphisms have been reported to influence individual’s breast cancer susceptibility as a phase I enzyme, but the results of these previous studies remain controversial. We performed a comprehensive meta-analysis to assess their association. Methods A comprehensive search of literature included in various databases (PubMed, Web of Science and Google scholar), ...

The prognostic role of the cancer stem cell marker CD44 in ovarian cancer: a meta-analysis

Background CD44 has recently been reported as a cancer stem cell marker in ovarian cancer. However, the clinicopathological and prognostic value of this marker in ovarian cancer remains controversial; Here, we aimed to investigate the correlation between CD44 expression and the clinicopathological features or survival of ovarian cancer patients. Methods An extensive literature ...

Overexpression of trefoil factor 3 (TFF3) contributes to the malignant progression in cervical cancer cells

Background There remains a great need for effective therapies for cervical cancers, the majority of which are aggressive leaving patients with poor prognosis. Methods and results Here, we identify a novel candidate therapeutic target, trefoil factor 3 (TFF3) which overexpressed in cervical cancer cells and was associated with reduced postoperative survival. Functional studies ...