Cancer Cell International

http://www.cancerci.com/

List of Papers (Total 850)

HNRNPA2B1 regulates the epithelial–mesenchymal transition in pancreatic cancer cells through the ERK/snail signalling pathway

Background Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A2B1 (HNRNPA2B1) is closely related to tumour occurrence and development, oncogene expression, apoptosis inhibition and invasion and metastasis capacities. However, its function in the epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) of pancreatic cancer is not fully understood. Methods By comparing various wild-type pancreatic cancer cell ...

Role of CYP2E1 polymorphisms in breast cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Background CYP2E1 polymorphisms have been reported to influence individual’s breast cancer susceptibility as a phase I enzyme, but the results of these previous studies remain controversial. We performed a comprehensive meta-analysis to assess their association. Methods A comprehensive search of literature included in various databases (PubMed, Web of Science and Google scholar), ...

The prognostic role of the cancer stem cell marker CD44 in ovarian cancer: a meta-analysis

Background CD44 has recently been reported as a cancer stem cell marker in ovarian cancer. However, the clinicopathological and prognostic value of this marker in ovarian cancer remains controversial; Here, we aimed to investigate the correlation between CD44 expression and the clinicopathological features or survival of ovarian cancer patients. Methods An extensive literature ...

Overexpression of trefoil factor 3 (TFF3) contributes to the malignant progression in cervical cancer cells

Background There remains a great need for effective therapies for cervical cancers, the majority of which are aggressive leaving patients with poor prognosis. Methods and results Here, we identify a novel candidate therapeutic target, trefoil factor 3 (TFF3) which overexpressed in cervical cancer cells and was associated with reduced postoperative survival. Functional studies ...

Circulating tumor microemboli (CTM) and vimentin+ circulating tumor cells (CTCs) detected by a size-based platform predict worse prognosis in advanced colorectal cancer patients during chemotherapy

Background Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) detected in peripheral blood (PB) of cancer patients can be identified as isolated CTCs and circulating tumor microemboli (CTM). This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of CTM detection and CTC phenotype in advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) patients during chemotherapy. Methods A size-based platform for CTC isolation was applied. ...

Casticin induces apoptosis and G0/G1 cell cycle arrest in gallbladder cancer cells

Background Casticin, the flavonoid extracted from Vitex rotundifolia L, exerts various biological effects, including anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer activity. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects and mechanisms of casticin in human gallbladder cancer cells. Methods Human NOZ and SGC996 cells were used to perform the experiments. CCK-8 assay and colony formation ...

Alginate-embedded HuH-7 cells increase MMP-9 and reduce OCLN expression in vitro

Background Hepatocellular carcinoma is a common cancer, ranking third in cancer-associated deaths. An important cause of cancer patients’ mortality is metastasis. At the start of metastasis progression, there is an epithelial-mesenchymal transition, characterized by matrix degradation, junction reductions and vessels formation. HuH-7 is a cell line used in research as an in vitro ...

Celecoxib enhances anticancer effect of cisplatin and induces anoikis in osteosarcoma via PI3K/Akt pathway

Background COX-2, an inducible enzyme, is associated with inflammatory diseases and carcinogenesis. Overexpression of COX-2 occurs in many human malignancies, including osteosarcoma. COX-2 positivity is form 67 to 92% in osteosarcoma, and COX-2 expresses 141-fold more in cancer stem cell spheres than daughter adherent cells. In our study, we have reported that celecoxib, a ...

Regulation of the hypoxic tumor environment in hepatocellular carcinoma using RNA interference

Objectives Hypoxia is the condition where tumor cells have been deprived of oxygen and has been shown to have a role of tumor development in the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods Using PubMed online database and Google scholar web site, the terms “angiogenesis”, “apoptosis”, “RNA interference” and/or “hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)” were searched and analyzed. Results The ...

Anticancer properties of ester derivatives of betulin in human metastatic melanoma cells (Me-45)

Background Betulinic acid and betulin are triterpenes that have anticancer properties in various types of cancer. Unfortunately, the bioavailability and the bio-distribution of betulinic acid and its metabolic precursor, betulin are very low because of poor solubility in aqueous buffers. Methods In this study, we examined the anticancer properties of the ester derivatives of ...

miR-324-3p suppresses migration and invasion by targeting WNT2B in nasopharyngeal carcinoma

Background Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a malignant epithelial carcinoma of the head and neck with strong ability of invasion and metastasis. Our previous study indicated that miR-324-3p, as a tumor-suppressive factor, could regulate radioresistance of NPC cells by targeting WNT2B. The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of miR-324-3p on migration and invasion in ...

Autophagy induced by a sulphamoylated estrone analogue contributes to its cytotoxic effect on breast cancer cells

Background Autophagy can either be protective and confer survival to stressed cells, or it can contribute to cell death. The antimitotic drug 2-ethyl-3-O-sulpamoyl-estra-1,3,5(10),15-tetraen-17-ol (ESE-15-ol) is an in silico-designed 17-β-estradiol analogue that induces both autophagy and apoptosis in cancer cells. The aim of the study was to determine the role of autophagy in ...

Comprehensive analysis of the long noncoding RNA HOXA11-AS gene interaction regulatory network in NSCLC cells

Background Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are related to different biological processes in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the possible molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of the long noncoding RNA HOXA11-AS (HOXA11 antisense RNA) in NSCLC are unknown. Methods HOXA11-AS was knocked down in the NSCLC A549 cell line and a high throughput microarray assay was ...

Inhibition of integrin β3, a binding partner of kallistatin, leads to reduced viability, invasion and proliferation in NCI-H446 cells

Background Kallistatin is a serine proteinase inhibitor and heparin-binding protein. It is considered an endogenous angiogenic inhibitor. In addition, multiple studies demonstrated that kallistatin directly inhibits cancer cell growth. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these effects remain unclear. Methods Pull-down, immunoprecipitation, and immunoblotting were used for ...

Cell division cycle 7-kinase inhibitor PHA-767491 hydrochloride suppresses glioblastoma growth and invasiveness

Background Genomic instability is a hallmark of cancer cells, and this cellular phenomenon can emerge as a result of replicative stress. It is possible to take advantage of replicative stress, and enhance it in a targeted way to fight cancer cells. One of such strategies involves targeting the cell division cycle 7-related protein kinase (CDC7), a protein with key roles in ...

Simultaneous dual targeting of Par-4 and G6PD: a promising new approach in cancer therapy? Quintessence of a literature review on survival requirements of tumor cells

The aim of this hypothesis is to propose a new approach in targeted therapy of cancer: The simultaneous, dual targeting of two single molecules, Par-4 and G6PD, rather than inhibition of full-length signaling pathways. Rationale: Targeted inhibition of especially two survival signaling pathways (PI3K/AKT/mTOR and MAPK/ERK) is frequently tried, however, a major breakthrough has not ...

Alpha-synuclein contributes to malignant progression of human meningioma via the Akt/mTOR pathway

Background The aim of this study is to explore the expression of alpha-synuclein (α-synuclein) in benign, atypical, and anaplastic meningiomas and determine its role in the malignant progression of meningiomas. Methods Expression of α-synuclein was measured in 44 meningioma samples by real-time PCR analysis. The effects of overexpression or knockdown of α-synuclein on meningioma ...

Overexpression of A613T and G462T variants of DNA polymerase β weakens chemotherapy sensitivity in esophageal cancer cell lines

Background Human DNA polymerase β (polβ) is a small monomeric protein that is essential for short-patch base excision repair. It plays an important role in regulating the sensitivity of tumor cells to chemotherapy. Methods We evaluated the mutation of polβ in a larger cohort of esophageal cancer (EC) patients by RT-PCR and sequencing analysis. The function of the mutation was ...

The zebrafish as a model for studying neuroblastoma

Neuroblastoma is a tumor arising in the peripheral sympathetic nervous system and is the most common cancer in childhood. Since most of the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying neuroblastoma onset and progression remain unknown, the generation of new in vivo models might be appropriate to better dissect the peripheral sympathetic nervous system development in both ...

Long non-coding RNA DBCCR1-003 regulate the expression of DBCCR1 via DNMT1 in bladder cancer

Background Many long non coding RNAs have been identified as key modulators in cancer development. A lncRNA, DBCCR1-003, derived from the locus of tumor suppressor gene DBCCR1 (deleted in bladder cancer chromosome region 1), has unknown function. In the present study, we explored function and molecular mechanism of DBCCR1-003 in bladder cancer (BC) development. Methods We evaluated ...

The chimeric multi-domain proteins mediating specific DNA transfer for hepatocellular carcinoma treatment

Aim This study was aimed to evaluate the therapeutic efficiency of a non-virus based specific chimeric multi-domain DNA transferred with apoptin in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) HepG-2 cells in vitro and in mice H22 cells in vivo. Methods We firstly constructed the multi-domain recombinant chimeric proteins based on recombinant proteins [G (yeast GAL4), NG (none GAL4), TG ...

Expression of microtubule-associated protein TPX2 in human gastric carcinoma and its prognostic significance

Background The molecular mechanisms underlying the development and progression of gastric carcinoma remain poorly understood. The main objective of this study was to investigate the expression level of targeting protein for Xenopus kinesin-like protein 2 (TPX2) and its clinical significance in human gastric carcinoma. Methods Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction ...

Cytologic studies of the fallopian tube in patients undergoing salpingo-oophorectomy

Background Mounting evidence suggests the fallopian tube as the origin for ovarian high grade serous carcinoma (HGSC). We attempted to identify the tubal cytological features that allow us to distinguish malignant from benign conditions. Methods Tubal specimens (n = 56) were collected from patients who underwent bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) due to various clinical ...