Journal of Neural Transmission

http://link.springer.com/journal/702

List of Papers (Total 252)

Clinical utility of pharmacogenetic testing in children and adolescents with severe mental disorders

This is a retrospective cohort study of 20 children and adolescents to evaluate the clinical utility of a pharmacogenetic decision support tool. Twenty children and adolescents underwent pharmacogenetic testing between June 2014 and May 2017. All children and adolescents were evaluated at Puerta de Hierro University Hospital-Majadahonda (Madrid, Spain). We report the proportion...

Associations of monoamine oxidase A gene first exon methylation with sexual abuse and current depression in women

Childhood physical abuse (PA) and sexual abuse (SA) interact with monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) gene polymorphism to modify risk for mental disorders. In addition, PA and SA may alter gene activity through epigenetic mechanisms such as DNA methylation, thereby further modifying risk for disorders. We investigated whether methylation in a region spanning the MAOA first exon and part...

Effect of long-term treatment with classical neuroleptics on NPQ/spexin, kisspeptin and POMC mRNA expression in the male rat amygdala

Neuroleptics modulate the expression level of some regulatory neuropeptides in the brain. However, if these therapeutics influence the peptidergic circuits in the amygdala remains unclear. This study specifies the impact profile of the classical antipsychotic drugs on mRNA expression of the spexin/NPQ, kisspeptin-1 and POMC in the rat amygdala. Animals were treated with...

Individual biological sensitivity to environmental influences: testing the differential susceptibility properties of the 5HTTLPR polymorphism in relation to depressive symptoms and delinquency in two adolescent general samples

The gene–environment interaction research field in psychiatry has traditionally been dominated by the diathesis–stress framework, where certain genotypes are assumed to confer increased risk for adverse outcomes in a stressful environment. In later years, theories of differential susceptibility, or biological sensitivity, suggest that candidate genes that interact with...

The serotonergic system in Parkinson’s patients with dyskinesia: evidence from imaging studies

The purpose of review is to review the current status of positron emission tomography (PET) molecular imaging of serotonergic system in Parkinson’s patients who experience levodopa-induced (LIDs) and graft-induced dyskinesias (GIDs). PET imaging studies have shown that Parkinson’s disease is characterized by progressive loss of dopaminergic and serotonergic neurons. Parkinson’s...

A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, proof-of-concept trial of creatine monohydrate as adjunctive treatment for bipolar depression

Depressive episodes are a major cause of morbidity and dysfunction in individuals suffering from bipolar disorder. Currently available treatments for this condition have limited efficacy and new therapeutic options are needed. Extensive research in the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder points to the existence of mitochondrial and bioenergetic dysfunction. We hypothesized that...

Cross-national gender variations of digit ratio (2D:4D) correlate with life expectancy, suicide rate, and other causes of death

The second-to-fourth finger length ratio (2D:4D) is an indication of prenatal sex hormone exposure, and has sex-specifically been associated with several lethal illnesses including ischemic heart disease, diverse cancers, and suicide. Our primary aim was to verify that 2D:4D sex-specifically relates to life expectancy and suicide numbers on a national level (23 countries). We...

Advanced Parkinson’s or “complex phase” Parkinson’s disease? Re-evaluation is needed

Holistic management of Parkinson’s disease, now recognised as a combined motor and nonmotor disorder, remains a key unmet need. Such management needs relatively accurate definition of the various stages of Parkinson’s from early untreated to late palliative as each stage calls for personalised therapies. Management also needs to have a robust knowledge of the progression pattern...

Risky decision-making and affective features of impulse control disorders in Parkinson’s disease

Impulse control disorders (ICDs) in Parkinson’s disease (PD) are considered dopaminergic treatment side effects. Cognitive and affective factors may increase the risk of ICD in PD. The aim is to investigate risky decision-making and associated cognitive processes in PD patients with ICDs within a four-stage conceptual framework. Relationship between ICDs and affective factors was...

Tremor in multiple sclerosis is associated with cerebello-thalamic pathology

Tremor in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) is a frequent and debilitating symptom with a relatively poorly understood pathophysiology. To determine the relationship between clinical tremor severity and structural magnetic resonance imaging parameters. Eleven patients with clinically definite MS and right-sided upper limb tremor were studied. Tremor severity was assessed using...

Reward and value coding by dopamine neurons in non-human primates

Rewards are fundamental to everyday life. They confer pleasure, support learning, and mediate decisions. Dopamine-releasing neurons in the midbrain are critical for reward processing. These neurons receive input from more than 30 brain areas and send widespread projections to the basal ganglia and frontal cortex. Their phasic responses are tuned to rewards. Specifically, dopamine...

Evidence-based treatment of neurogenic orthostatic hypotension and related symptoms

Neurogenic orthostatic hypotension, postprandial hypotension and exercise-induced hypotension are common features of cardiovascular autonomic failure. Despite the serious impact on patient’s quality of life, evidence-based guidelines for non-pharmacological and pharmacological management are lacking at present. Here, we provide a systematic review of the literature on therapeutic...

Is nigrostriatal dopaminergic deficit necessary for Holmes tremor to develop? The DaTSCAN and IBZM SPECT study

Holmes’s tremor (HT) is assumed to be the result of coexistence of nigrostriatal dopaminergic system impairment and the lesion of cerebello-thalamic pathways. It was suggested that dopaminergic deficiency is responsible for rest tremor, and lack of compensatory cerebellar function leads to spill of tremor into voluntary movements. Cases of HT with and without abnormalities of the...

Systems for deep brain stimulation: review of technical features

The use of deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an important treatment option for movement disorders and other medical conditions. Today, three major manufacturers provide implantable systems for DBS. Although the underlying principle is basically the same for all available systems, the differences in the technical features vary considerably. This article outlines aspects regarding...

Cerebrospinal fluid monoamine metabolite profiles in bipolar disorder, ADHD, and controls

Alterations in monoaminergic signaling are suggested as key aspects of the pathophysiology in bipolar disorder and ADHD, but it is not known if the monoamine metabolic profile differs between these disorders. One method to study monoaminergic systems in humans is to measure monoamine end-point metabolite concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Here, we analyzed CSF monoamine...

Innate immunity in Alzheimer’s disease: the relevance of animal models?

The mouse is one of the organisms most widely used as an animal model in biomedical research, due to the particular ease with which it can be handled and reproduced in laboratory. As a member of the mammalian class, mice share with humans many features regarding metabolic pathways, cell morphology and anatomy. However, important biological differences between mice and humans...