Empirical Research in Vocational Education and Training

http://link.springer.com/journal/40461

List of Papers (Total 65)

Assessing vocational competencies in civil engineering: lessons from AHELO for future practice

Background There has been much interest in the notion of vocational competencies of late. The pressing question, however, is how to measure vocational competencies. In order to contribute to this ‘how’, the results of the Civil Engineering strand of the recent Assessment of Higher Education Learning Outcomes (AHELO) Feasibility Study are discussed. The focus of the assessment...

Physical-technical prior competencies of engineering students

Background This article addresses the question of which physical-technical prior competencies students in Germany start their engineering studies with. Furthermore, it analyzes the influence of e.g. formal qualifications, curricular weights in school, or participation in preparatory courses on these prior competencies. Methods Using a sample of 2345 students, we modelled the...

Scarring effects of early unemployment among young workers with vocational credentials in Switzerland

Background Using a unique, longitudinal survey that follows school-to-work transitions of pupils who participated in PISA 2000, this paper investigates adverse consequences, so-called scarring effects, of early unemployment among young adults who acquired vocational credentials in Switzerland. Methods As social, individual and contextual factors influence both early unemployment...

Pedagogical challenges in nurse education - a case study focusing on the completion rate in theoretical education at a Swedish University

Background The purpose of this survey was to relate completion rate and results on national clinical final examinations to student’s admission background and examination results for nursing and medical courses. Methods The research data were based on a quantitative case study, with 286 nursing students, using statistical analysis. Results The programme’s overall completion rate...

Make or buy: train in-company or recruit from the labour market?

Background Using a sample about company hiring behaviour from the BIBB Establishment Panel on Training and Competence Development 2011, this paper analyses the hiring decisions of German establishments. Companies essentially have two choices to meet their labour demands: to provide their own apprenticeship training or to recruit unskilled or already-qualified staff through the...

Dealing with disaffection: the influence of work-based learning on 14–16-year-old students’ attitudes to school

Background Recent developments in policy concerned with raising achievement in schools have given rise to work-based learning as a mechanism for dealing with disaffection. Alongside this redress is the potential for promoting alternative pathways into further education and/or employment. This paper looks at the impact of a work-based learning programme on engagement/re-engagement...

A study of carpenter apprentices’ spatial skills

Background Spatial skills are crucial for carpentry and are a major learning objective in the initial vocational training of carpenter apprentices. Carpenters specifically need to develop the capability to switch between two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) representations. Previous studies have explored spatial skills, but never in the context of vocational education...

Training participation of internationalized firms: establishment-level evidence for Switzerland

Background Switzerland is host to many international companies, and a large share of Swiss firms is exporting goods and services abroad. While the vocational education and training (VET) system in Switzerland has a long tradition, there is a paucity of studies investigating the effects of the ongoing internationalization on the training participation of internationalized firms...

Apprenticeship orientation as planned behavior in educational choices: a path model of antecedent beliefs

Background A hypothetical descriptive behavioral model extending the theory of planned behavior (TPB) was examined for subjective perceived control beliefs as antecedents of the apprenticeship orientation for vocational-educational training (VET). Attributes of self-regulation and self-regulatory systems in belief formation, and affective evaluation, were expected to vary with...

Teaching in vocational education as a second career

Background This study investigates the determinants of career change for individuals who change their job to become a teacher in vocational education and training (VET) as a second career. The question of what motivates individuals to forfeit their original occupation to become a teacher is important for policy making not only in times of teacher shortages but also in light of...

Promoting workforce excellence: formation and relevance of vocational identity for vocational educational training

Vocational learning comprises more than factual knowledge and procedures; the development of a vocational identity is a key aspect and outcome of vocational education provisions and assumed to play an integral role in how students learn and perform. Despite the salience of vocational identity however, the processes that contribute to its formation are far from fully understood...

Vocational education in practice: a study of work-based learning in a construction programme at a Swedish upper secondary school

BackgroundIn many OECD countries an apparent connection is shown between education, the local economy and the local labor market. This connection seems to be stronger and more radical in Sweden, than in other similar countries. The construction program is thereby also a part of this market. Given the needs of the building industry for competent workers and the requirements from...

Technical and vocational education and training (TVET) for young people in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis

The world is facing a worsening youth employment crisis. In response, technical and vocational education and training (TVET) is back on the development agenda after years of neglect. This systematic review examined the evidence from studies evaluating the impacts of TVET interventions for young people in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The 26 included studies evaluated...

The completion behaviour of registered apprentices in Canada: who continues, who quits, and who completes programs?

Background The number of registered apprentices in Canada more than doubled between 1995 and 2007, yet successful completion of apprenticeship programs increased by only about one-third as much. Uncovering the factors related to low completion rates is a necessary first step to ensuring that today’s skilled labour is replaced in the future. Methods This study utilizes a series of...

Measurement of vocational competences: an analysis of the structure and reliability of current assessment practices in economic domains

BackgroundBoth fostering and measuring action competence remain central targets of vocational education and training research; adequate measurement approaches clearly are prerequisites for international, large-scale assessments. For the German Chamber of Commerce and Industry, competence assessments of industrial managers rely mainly on final examinations that attempt to measure...