Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

http://link.springer.com/journal/10973

List of Papers (Total 575)

Thermal and mechanical properties of chitosan nanocomposites with cellulose modified in ionic liquids

In this paper, ionic liquid treatment was applied to produce nanometric cellulose particles of two polymorphic forms. A complex characterization of nanofillers including wide-angle X-ray scattering, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and particle size determination was performed. The evaluated ionic liquid treatment was effective in terms of nanocrystalline cellulose ...

A thermogravimetric study of thermal dehydration of copper hexacyanoferrate by means of model-free kinetic analysis

The kinetics of thermal dehydration of K2x/3Cu[Fe(CN)6]2/3·nH2O was studied using thermogravimetry for x = 0.0 and 1.0. Data from both non-isothermal and isothermal measurements were used for model-free kinetic analysis by the Friedman and KAS methods. The water content was determined to be n = 2.9–3.9, plus an additional ~10% of water, likely surface adsorbed, that leaves very ...

Thermal methods implementation in analysis of fine-grained rocks containing organic matter

The thermal methods, including TG and DSC techniques, were implemented to determine the composition of the fine-grained rocks with dispersed organic matter. The analyses were carried out in inert and oxidising atmosphere. The analysed samples represented Palaeozoic siltstones, shales, claystones and mudstones from Baltic Basin, Lublin Basin and Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Poland). ...

Thermal evolution of ladder-like silsesquioxanes during formation of black glasses

Pyrolysis of ladder-like silsesquioxanes in oxygen-free atmosphere leads to the formation of silicon oxycarbides (black glasses). Black glasses are materials of amorphous silica structure where some amount of O2− ions were replaced by C4− ions. This exchange leads to local increase in bonds density and therefore improvement in mechanical, thermal, and chemical properties. Thanks to ...

Investigation of hydration products of fly ash–slag pastes

The paper presents the results of the research identifying the hydration products present in hardened fly ash–slag pastes considered as alternative non-clinker binder. Thermal analysis (TG/DTG), infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used as complementary methods. The pastes contained the binder made of two components: fly ash from circular ...

Identification of polymers by means of DSC, TG, STA and computer-assisted database search

This work is about the identification of polymers by means of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetry (TG) and simultaneous thermal analysis (STA) involving computer-assisted database search. One general limitation depicted is the possibility of multiple interpretations of a single measurement signal which sometimes makes definite identification difficult. It is ...

Al2O3/Ni functionally graded materials (FGM) obtained by centrifugal-slip casting method

The fabrication and the characterization of Al2O3/Ni composites with a gradient distribution of the Ni particles are reported. The composites have been obtained by centrifugal-slip casting and subsequent sintering and had the shape of a hollow cylinder. TG/DTA analysis was done for the nickel powder with the addition of the dispersant used in centrifugal-slip casting as well as for ...

Thermo-derivative analysis of Al–Si–Cu alloy used for surface treatment

The only effective way to design, produce, analyse and optimise new and existing industrial thermal processes and also laser-based processes is to develop a quantitative knowledge and understanding of the dependence between temperature and time, which allow the desired forming of properties of the final products. The purpose of this paper was the performance of thermo-derivative ...

Thermal behaviour of antiproliferative active 3-(2-furanyl)-8-aryl-7,8-dihydroimidazo[2,1-c][1,2,4]triazin-4(6H)-ones

Thermal analysis is commonly used in the pharmaceutical field because it is an important tool in the solution of problems involving development, production and quality control of medicines. This paper presents the thermal behaviour of six anticancer active derivatives of 3-(2-furanyl)-8-aryl-7,8-dihydroimidazo[2,1-c][1,2,4]triazin-4(6H)-one. The samples were characterized by the ...

Thermal analysis, phase transitions and molecular reorientations in [Fe(OS(CH3)2)6](ClO4)2

Thermogravimetric analysis connected with quadruple mass spectroscopy (TG/MS) for an identification of [Fe(OS(CH3)2)6](ClO4)2 decomposition products, carried out to determine its thermal stability, has indicated that the title compound does not change its mass till ca. 385 K. Above this temperature, it starts slowly to lose a part of (CH3)2SO ligands, which begins to form a liquid ...

Swelling effects in cross-linked polymers by thermogravimetry

The present study focuses on the mechanism of swelling and evaluates interactions between solvents of different chemical characters (polar—ethanol, nonpolar—n-heptane) and commercially available porous Amberlite polymers (XAD4, XAD16, XAD7HP) by temperature-programmed desorption (TPD). The first two polymers are the product of copolymerization of styrene and divinylbenzene. Despite ...

How to use thermal imaging in venous insufficiency?

This paper is intended to provide studies performed on usefulness of thermal imaging for the insufficiency of superficial veins in the lower limbs. The results are a continuation of the previous research and show a new way of analysis and better correlation between standard methods of parameters like duplex ultrasonography and parameters derived from thermal imaging. In particular ...

Active carbons from waste biochars

Studies of preparation of active carbons of good structural and adsorption properties based on commercial biochars, which become wastes after removal of precious volatile components from natural raw materials of different origin, i.e., from wheat straw, Miscanthus grass, walnut shells, and energetic willow were carried out. There was applied the physical activation under ...

Viscosity and thermal conductivity of MgO–EG nanofluids

Nanofluids are a group of novel engineering materials that are increasingly being used, particularly in the processes of heat exchange. One of the most promising materials in this group is magnesium oxide–ethylene glycol (MgO–EG) nanofluid. The literature informs that this material is characterized by an significant increase in thermal conductivity with low dynamic viscosity ...

The effect of starch-g-copolymers structure on the oxidative behavior studied by the TG/DSC/FTIR-coupled method

The effect of starch-g-copolymers structure on the thermal decomposition course under oxidative conditions by using the simultaneous TG/DSC/FTIR technique has been investigated. To those studies, two types of starch-g-copolymers obtained under the graft copolymerization process of aromatic acrylate monomers such as phenyl acrylate and benzyl acrylate onto starch have been chosen. ...

Pluronic F127 as a suitable carrier for preparing the imatinib base solid dispersions and its potential in development of a modified release dosage forms

In recent years, considerable attention focuses on making sustained release dosage forms also containing solid dispersions. The objective of this study is evaluation of imatinib base (IMA) solid dispersion physicochemical properties which can be useful to controlled release solid dosage formation. The solid dispersions were obtained by kneading method, containing of 10–90% w/w ...

Application of differential scanning calorimetry to study porous structure of hydrothermally modified silicas

The paper presents the studies on determination of physicochemical and structural properties of hydrothermally treated (HTT) silica gel Si-60, using the differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and N2 adsorption methods. Modification was performed in overheated water vapours or under the liquid water layer using various sources of thermal energy (in the classical autoclave or in the ...

Thermal and structural characterization of copper(II) complexes with phenyl-2-pyridylketoxime (HPPK)

Copper(II) complexes of different nuclearity with phenyl-2-pyridylketoxime (HPPK), such as mononuclear [Cu(HPPK)(PPK)X], whereby X = NCS− (1) or NO3 − (2), dinuclear [Cu(HPPK)Cl2]2 (3) and trinuclear [Cu3(PPK)3(μ3–OH)(Cl)2]·nH2O (4) were synthesized, and their thermal properties were investigated. The studies involved gas-phase monitoring of decomposition products by infrared ...

Thermal properties of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) modified by nanoclay

Nanocomposites based on poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (P3HB) and Cloisite®30B were prepared by direct mixing in a co-rotating twin-screw micro-extruder. The X-ray diffraction method and transmission electron microscopy allowed to identify the nanostructure. Thermal properties of the obtained nanocomposites were investigated with the use of thermogravimetry (TG) and differential scanning ...

Thermal degradation of natural and treated hemp hurds under air and nitrogen atmosphere

Sustainability goals are essential driving principles for the development of innovative materials in the construction industry. Natural fibers represent an attractive alternative as reinforcing material due to good mechanical properties and sustainability prerequisites. The study has been focused on the comparative investigation of chemical and physical treatments of hemp hurds and ...

Thermal and kinetic analyses on Michael addition reaction of acrylic acid

The purpose of this study is to obtain a better understanding of Michael addition reaction (MAR) which may induce runaway polymerization of acrylic acid. The heat of MAR was measured using a C80 Calvet-type heat flux calorimeter, and products of MAR were revealed by gel permeation chromatography. The reaction rate constant of MAR was obtained from kinetic analysis. In ...

Microcalorimetric analysis of methylcellulose influence on the hydration process of tricalcium aluminate, alite and their mixture

In the paper, the results of investigation concerning the influence of 0.3% addition of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (MC) of 40 and 70 Pa s viscosity on the hydration process of main clinker phases C3S and C3A are presented. The course of hydration is documented using microcalorimetry, and formed phases were identified by XRD. The research indicated that methylcellulose inhibited ...

Synthesis, thermal study and some properties of Zn(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) compounds with mono-, di- and trichloroacetates

New complexes with formulae: Zn(CClH2COO)2·2H2O, Zn(CCl2HCOO)2·2H2O, Zn(CCl3COO)2·2H2O, Cd(CCl2HCOO)2·H2O, Cd(CCl3COO)2·2H2O and Pb(CCl3COO)2·2H2O, were prepared and characterized by chemical, elemental analysis and IR spectroscopy. The nature of metal–ligand coordination was studied. They are small crystalline. The thermal properties of compounds in the solid state were studied ...

Phase behaviour of dehydrated phosphatidylcholines

Dehydrated DLPC, DMPC, DPPC and DSPC have been characterised at temperatures below the diacyl carbon chain-melting transition (T m), using DSC. For the first time, the existence of pre-Tm transition processes, which are, usually, only observed in the colloidal/liposomal state of saturated phospholipids, has been detected for the dehydrated phosphatidylcholines. ...