Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

http://link.springer.com/journal/10973

List of Papers (Total 610)

TGA/DTG/DSC investigation of thermal ageing effects on polyamide–imide enamel

Thermoanalytical investigations TGA/DTG/DSC of polyamide–imide enamel after thermal ageing have been presented. The lifetimes at 260, 270, 280, 290, 300 °C were determined. The thermograms of the enamels after attaining of their lifetimes much depend on the ageing temperature. The temperatures of 5% loss of mass that much increase after thermal ageing appear the most sensitive...

Influence of cryogenic modification of silica on thermal properties and flammability of cross-linked nitrile rubber

The article presents the results of testing thermal properties and combustibility of butadieneacrylonitrile rubber with 18% contents of bounded acrylonitrile, NBR 18. Two types of silica, Zeosil 175C and Ultrasil VN-3, with different specific surfaces were used as filler. Zeosil 175C and Ultrasil VN-3 were modified via cryogenic dezaggregation method. The activity of unmodified...

Application of thermal analysis in nanotechnology

The analysis of purification and carbonization process in argon with use of nc-TiC x /C powder, obtained by sol–gel method, is presented. TG-DSC measurements were carried out under non-isothermal and isothermal conditions. The samples were heated up in series to 1473, 1573, 1673, and 1773 K. For this series description of process kinetics is presented. Four stages of the process...

Adsorption of selected herbicides from aqueous solutions on activated carbon

The adsorption of MCPA and 2,4-D on the activated carbon Filtrasorb 300 was studied. The adsorption isotherms of herbicides from aqueous solutions were measured over a wide range of solute concentrations and at different temperatures. The experimental equilibrium data were analyzed by the Langmuir–Freundlich isotherm taking into account the energetic heterogeneity of adsorption...

The balance in the museum

The balance is the oldest real measuring instrument. It is still a widely used instrument in science, industry, commerce and in the household. It has found significance as a symbol in religion, justice, commerce and as an esoteric object. As a balance is always an interesting object it is exhibited in many museums and there exist a lot specialised scales-and-weight museums. We...

Calorimetric and spectroscopic studies characterization of newborn rat’ blood serum after maternal administration of cyclophosphamide

Differential scanning microcalorimetry (DSC) and UV–VIS absorption spectroscopy were used to obtain the characteristics of blood serum from newborn rat’ after maternal treatment with cyclophosphamide in comparison with control. The obtained DSC curves reveal a complex endothermic peak due to the unfolding process of various serum proteins. Thermal profiles and absorption spectra...

Thermal catalytic conversion of the used isobutyl isoprene rubber into valuable hydrocarbons

An environment friendly method, thermal catalytic pyrolysis of used isobutyl isoprene rubber was investigated. In this method, the used inner butyl tube rubbers were catalytically pyrolyzed into valuable hydrocarbons and carbon black. In this method, the tube rubber was pyrolyzed both thermally (with out catalyst) and catalytically in a batch reactor under atmospheric pressure...

Events

Volumetric rheology of polymers

A novel dilatometer has been used to measure the evolution of specific volume at different cooling rates and at elevated pressures under quiescent conditions and under shear for a series of commercial iPP homopolymers and polypropylene–ethylene random copolymers. Significant influences of cooling rates, pressures, and shear flow on the transition temperature T tr related to...

Thermodynamics of citrate complexation with Mn2+, Co2+, Ni2+ and Zn2+ ions

Isothermal titration calorimetry has been used to determine the stoichiometry, formation constants and thermodynamic parameters (ΔG o, ΔH, ΔS) for the formation of the citrate complexes with the Mn2+, Co2+, Ni2+ and Zn2+ ions. The measurements were run in Cacodylate, Pipes and Mes buffer solutions with a pH of 6, at 298.15 K. A constant ionic strength of 100 mM was maintained...

Flow-induced crystallization of propylene/ethylene random copolymers

The influence of the co-monomer content and processing conditions on the crystallization kinetics of propylene/ethylene (P/E) random copolymers is studied using DSC and rheometry. The presence of ethylene lowers the melting and crystallization temperature compared to pure polypropylene, and the quiescent crystallization rate, \( \dot{X}, \) increases at equal nominal undercooling...

Flow-induced crystallization regimes and rheology of isotactic polypropylene

We investigated the effect of flow in combination with molecular architecture on crystallization for linear and branched polypropylenes by means of dynamical mechanical spectroscopy. Compared to the linear polymer, the branched one exhibits much slower relaxation after deformation, causing higher levels of molecular orientation and molecular stretch for the same flow conditions...

Rheology as thermoanalytical method for polymers

Rheology, originating and developing in the area of polymer melts and solutions, has now broadened into many and often diverse segments of research. From food to cosmetics, from medical to biological applications, from mortars to adhesives—international conference events are frequent demonstrations of this diversification. In view of this broad scope, all papers in this volume...

Determination of thermal parameters of one-dimensional nanostructures through a thermal transient method

We present an improved methodology for a thermal transient method enabling simultaneous measurement of thermal conductivity and specific heat of nanoscale structures with one-dimensional heat flow. The temporal response of a sample to finite duration heat pulse inputs for both short (1 ns) and long (5 μs) pulses is analyzed and exploited to deduce the thermal properties...

Complexation of the Fe(III) and Fe(II) sulphates with diphenyl-4-amine barium sulphonate (DAS) Synthesis, thermogravimetric and spectroscopic studies

Reactions in aqueous-alcoholic solution between diphenyl-4-amine barium sulphonate (Ba-DAS—anionic surfactant) and the hydrated sulphates of Fe(III) and Fe(II) ions and their use to ovtain iron oxides are described here. The formation of Fe(II) complexes was reached by using an excess of Ba-DAS, in absence of light under inert atmosphere. The complexes achieved Fe2[(C12H10NO3S)4...

Thermochemistry of Bu4NBr solutions in binary solvents containing formamide

The heats of solution of tetrabutylammonium bromide have been measured in mixtures of formamide (FA) with methanol (MeOH) and ethylene glycol (EG) at 313.15 K by calorimetric method. The standard enthalpies of solution in binary mixtures have been extrapolated to infinite dilution by Redlich–Rosenfeld–Meyer type equation using the literary data at 298.15 K and the present paper...