Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

http://link.springer.com/journal/10973

List of Papers (Total 578)

Synthesis, thermal study and some properties of N2O4—donor Schiff base and its Mn(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes

The new hexadentate N2O4 Schiff base ligand from condensation of 2,4-hydroxybenzophenone and 1,3-propanediamine has been prepared in methanol and ethanol solutions. The Schiff base synthesized from EtOH contains half molecule of amine per one molecule of ligand in its structure. The complexes were synthesized from the direct reaction of this ligand and Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), ...

TG/DSC/FTIR/QMS studies on the oxidative decomposition of terpene acrylate homopolymers

The oxidative thermal stability along with the identification of the volatile decomposition products under heating of terpene acrylate homopolymers by using TG/DSC/FTIR/QMS-coupled method was presented. It was found that the decomposition of poly(geranyl acrylate) and poly(neryl acrylate) had quite different course as compared to the decomposition process of poly(citronellyl ...

Copolymerization and thermal study of the new methacrylate derivative of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol

In this study, 2,4,6-trichlorophenyl methacrylate (TClPhMA) was synthesized by the reaction of methacryloyl chloride with 2,4,6-trichlorophenol in the ice bath condition. The obtained monomer was extracted by chloroform and purified on a chromatography column. In order to confirm the chemical structure of the new compound, spectroscopic studies (ATR-FTIR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and GC–MS) ...

Thermal behaviour of antiproliferative active 3-(2-furanyl)-8-aryl-7,8-dihydroimidazo[2,1-c][1,2,4]triazin-4(6H)-ones

Thermal analysis is commonly used in the pharmaceutical field because it is an important tool in the solution of problems involving development, production and quality control of medicines. This paper presents the thermal behaviour of six anticancer active derivatives of 3-(2-furanyl)-8-aryl-7,8-dihydroimidazo[2,1-c][1,2,4]triazin-4(6H)-one. The samples were characterized by the ...

Thermal analysis, phase transitions and molecular reorientations in [Fe(OS(CH3)2)6](ClO4)2

Thermogravimetric analysis connected with quadruple mass spectroscopy (TG/MS) for an identification of [Fe(OS(CH3)2)6](ClO4)2 decomposition products, carried out to determine its thermal stability, has indicated that the title compound does not change its mass till ca. 385 K. Above this temperature, it starts slowly to lose a part of (CH3)2SO ligands, which begins to form a liquid ...

Swelling effects in cross-linked polymers by thermogravimetry

The present study focuses on the mechanism of swelling and evaluates interactions between solvents of different chemical characters (polar—ethanol, nonpolar—n-heptane) and commercially available porous Amberlite polymers (XAD4, XAD16, XAD7HP) by temperature-programmed desorption (TPD). The first two polymers are the product of copolymerization of styrene and divinylbenzene. Despite ...

Viscosity and thermal conductivity of MgO–EG nanofluids

Nanofluids are a group of novel engineering materials that are increasingly being used, particularly in the processes of heat exchange. One of the most promising materials in this group is magnesium oxide–ethylene glycol (MgO–EG) nanofluid. The literature informs that this material is characterized by an significant increase in thermal conductivity with low dynamic viscosity ...

The effect of starch-g-copolymers structure on the oxidative behavior studied by the TG/DSC/FTIR-coupled method

The effect of starch-g-copolymers structure on the thermal decomposition course under oxidative conditions by using the simultaneous TG/DSC/FTIR technique has been investigated. To those studies, two types of starch-g-copolymers obtained under the graft copolymerization process of aromatic acrylate monomers such as phenyl acrylate and benzyl acrylate onto starch have been chosen. ...

Application of differential scanning calorimetry to study porous structure of hydrothermally modified silicas

The paper presents the studies on determination of physicochemical and structural properties of hydrothermally treated (HTT) silica gel Si-60, using the differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and N2 adsorption methods. Modification was performed in overheated water vapours or under the liquid water layer using various sources of thermal energy (in the classical autoclave or in the ...

How to use thermal imaging in venous insufficiency?

This paper is intended to provide studies performed on usefulness of thermal imaging for the insufficiency of superficial veins in the lower limbs. The results are a continuation of the previous research and show a new way of analysis and better correlation between standard methods of parameters like duplex ultrasonography and parameters derived from thermal imaging. In particular ...

Active carbons from waste biochars

Studies of preparation of active carbons of good structural and adsorption properties based on commercial biochars, which become wastes after removal of precious volatile components from natural raw materials of different origin, i.e., from wheat straw, Miscanthus grass, walnut shells, and energetic willow were carried out. There was applied the physical activation under ...

Pluronic F127 as a suitable carrier for preparing the imatinib base solid dispersions and its potential in development of a modified release dosage forms

In recent years, considerable attention focuses on making sustained release dosage forms also containing solid dispersions. The objective of this study is evaluation of imatinib base (IMA) solid dispersion physicochemical properties which can be useful to controlled release solid dosage formation. The solid dispersions were obtained by kneading method, containing of 10–90% w/w ...

Thermal and mechanical properties of polyurethanes modified with L-ascorbic acid

In this study we report the thermal and mechanical properties of polyurethanes modified with ascorbic acid (AA). Ascorbic acid was used as a modifier at concentration of 1 or 2 mass%. The antioxidative properties of AA may improve the biocompatibility of the obtained materials, which were designed for biomedical applications. In this paper we describe characterization of obtained ...

Does local cryotherapy improve thermal diagnosis similar to whole-body cryotherapy in spinal diseases?

Thermal imaging has been used for patients with spinal diseases who were qualified by their physicians for whole-body treatment or local cryotherapy. The experimental groups of patients consisted of 20 males aged 51.6 ± 9.0 (12 treated by whole-body cryotherapy and 8 by local cryotherapy). The distribution of the skin surface temperature was monitored by using a Thermovision Camera ...

Phase behaviour of dehydrated phosphatidylcholines

Dehydrated DLPC, DMPC, DPPC and DSPC have been characterised at temperatures below the diacyl carbon chain-melting transition (T m), using DSC. For the first time, the existence of pre-Tm transition processes, which are, usually, only observed in the colloidal/liposomal state of saturated phospholipids, has been detected for the dehydrated phosphatidylcholines. ...

Advanced analysis of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) phases based on vibrational heat capacity

The new quantitative thermal analysis of semicrystalline poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (P3HB) phases based on vibrational, solid and liquid heat capacities has been presented. The apparent heat capacity of P3HB was measured using the standard differential scanning calorimetry, and temperature-modulated DSC and quantitative analysis allow for the study of any glass transition, ...

Application of thermogravimetry in the assessment of coatings ability to be metallized

The main aim of this work was to assess the ability of thermogravimetric method to predetermine the surface activation properties of the coatings intended for laser-assisted electroless metallization. In this technique of metallization, surface of polymer material has to be activated before immersing in electroless metallization bath. Surface activation may consist in compositional ...

The influence of chromium substitution on crystal structure and shift of Néel transition in GdFe1−xCrxO3 mixed oxides

The gadolinium ferrochromite (GdFe1−xCrxO3) was used as a case study of influence of chromium substitution on the perovskite structure in the entire composition range. By exploiting thermal analysis techniques (dilatometry, differential thermal analysis) the influence of chromium was investigated in the context of thermal stability of the canted antiferromagnetic ordering. It was ...

Structure and properties of aluminium–magnesium casting alloys after heat treatment

Since the forming of the microstructure depends on the specific of the casting method, which directly affects further mechanical and physical properties of the material, it is important to understand how to control the microstructure of the cast to understand changes that taking place during the crystallisation process. For estimating the metallurgical quality of the liquid metal ...

Leak testing of carbon–tin nanocomposites by thermal analysis methods

Electrode materials consisted of tin nanograins encapsulated in different origin carbon buffer matrix (starch or water soluble polymer) were obtained in a simple and inexpensive process. The tin precursor was synthesized using modified reverse nanoemulsion technique (w/o) and then coated by a source of carbon. The composites precursors were pyrolysed, affording formation of C/Sn ...

Influence of cytotoxic butyltin complexes with 2-sulfobenzoic acid on the thermotropic phase behavior of lipid model membranes

In the previous study, we showed that butyltin complexes with 2-sulfobenzoic acid (commonly referred to as BTsbz) exhibit a very wide biological activity. The BTsbz in vitro are very active cytotoxic agents against tumor cells—more effective than cisplatin and carboplatin (traditional anticancer drugs). These complexes are antibacterial agents against gram-positive and ...

Water thermoporosimetry as a tool of characterization of the textural parameters of mesoporous materials

Water thermoporosimetry (TPM) is a powerful method for studying the properties of porous materials, devoted especially for investigation of the samples that can be destroyed in drying process. However, this method is not very popular and relatively rarely used because of problems with proper measurement procedure and choosing correct equation for the result interpretation. This ...

Thermal and structural characterization of copper(II) complexes with phenyl-2-pyridylketoxime (HPPK)

Copper(II) complexes of different nuclearity with phenyl-2-pyridylketoxime (HPPK), such as mononuclear [Cu(HPPK)(PPK)X], whereby X = NCS− (1) or NO3 − (2), dinuclear [Cu(HPPK)Cl2]2 (3) and trinuclear [Cu3(PPK)3(μ3–OH)(Cl)2]·nH2O (4) were synthesized, and their thermal properties were investigated. The studies involved gas-phase monitoring of decomposition products by infrared ...

Thermal properties of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) modified by nanoclay

Nanocomposites based on poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (P3HB) and Cloisite®30B were prepared by direct mixing in a co-rotating twin-screw micro-extruder. The X-ray diffraction method and transmission electron microscopy allowed to identify the nanostructure. Thermal properties of the obtained nanocomposites were investigated with the use of thermogravimetry (TG) and differential scanning ...

Thermal degradation of natural and treated hemp hurds under air and nitrogen atmosphere

Sustainability goals are essential driving principles for the development of innovative materials in the construction industry. Natural fibers represent an attractive alternative as reinforcing material due to good mechanical properties and sustainability prerequisites. The study has been focused on the comparative investigation of chemical and physical treatments of hemp hurds and ...