Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

http://link.springer.com/journal/10973

List of Papers (Total 575)

Dilatometric study of low-alloy steels with silicon carbide addition

Low-alloy steels produced via the traditional powder metallurgy process, using a die compaction, are currently widely used. Therefore, improving their properties is an issue that attracts much attention. The most common method of enhancing the properties of a given material is introducing additives, e.g., silicon to prealloyed low-alloy steels. It may be added through the ...

Cold-induced changes in cell wall stability determine the resistance of winter triticale to fungal pathogen Microdochium nivale

The exposure of winter triticale to cold promotes genotype-dependent resistance to fungal pathogen. We present the evidence that structural and chemical modifications of the cell wall components induced by cold can be correlated with the resistance against fungal infection. Our results showed that cellulose of hardened triticale cv. Hewo (able to develop resistance after cold ...

Chromium-modified zinc oxides

Zinc oxides modified with chromium were prepared by the co-precipitation method. Samples were calcined at 400 °C. Structural and surface properties of materials were studied by means of transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and low-temperature nitrogen adsorption methods. Temperature-programmed reduction methods were used for investigation of the influence of chromium ...

Thermal dissociation in terms of the second law of chemical thermodynamics

Starting from the relationship between Gibbs free energy and equilibrium constant of a chemical reaction (ECCR) and taking into account its temperature dependence according to Kirchhoff, Eq. (12), we arrive at the three-parametric Eq. (26). In going this way, we employ the relationship between the ECCR and the degree of conversion of the solid phase using Eqs. (20) and (21). We ...

Influence of thermal treatment conditions on efficiency of PFA/MCM-48 composite and CMK-1 carbon replica in adsorption of volatile organic compounds

The mechanism of thermal degradation of poly(furfuryl alcohol) (PFA) deposited on the MCM-48 mesoporous silica was studied. The behaviour of the thin PFA film homogeneously dispersed on the silica surface (the material with the real PFA/MCM-48 mass ratio of 0.06) was compared to that of the 3D structure of PFA completely filling the MCM-48 channels (the material with the real ...

Thermal and photoluminescence analysis of a methacrylic diester derivative of naphthalene-2,7-diol

The synthesis and thermal and optical properties of a new type of photoluminescent monomer of 2,7-bis[2-(2-hydroxy-3-methacryloyloxypropoxy)propoxy]naphthalene (2,7-NAF.PMEM) are presented. The chemical structure of 2,7-NAF.PMEM was confirmed by 1H and 13C NMR analysis and ATR-FTIR spectroscopy. Next, bulk copolymers were synthesized using two comonomers, methyl methacrylate and ...

Analysis of the effect of antiwear CrN coating thickness on the evolution of thermomechanical interactions in the substrate/PVD coating system

The main goal of this study was to analyze the application possibilities of modulated temperature thermomechanical analysis (MT TMA) for the evaluation of thermomechanical interactions in substrate/PVD coating systems on the example of examination of influence of changes in thickness of a coating on internal stress evolution in these systems. As an indicator of the stress state in ...

The influence of ilmenite mud waste on the hydration process of Portland cement

The paper presents the results of research on the influence of ilmenite mud waste coming from the production of titanium dioxide on the process of cement hydration by isothermal microcalorimetry. Quantitative analysis of the waste impact on hydration heat and kinetics has been conducted. The mud shows pozzolanic properties from the early hours after contacting the waste and cement ...

Thermal behavior, decomposition mechanism and some physicochemical properties of starch-g-poly(benzyl acrylate) copolymers

TG/FTIR/QMS-coupled method to study the thermal behavior along with the evolution of volatile decomposition products and thus the decomposition mechanism under inert conditions of some starch-g-poly(benzyl acrylate) copolymers was applied. Starch-g-poly(benzyl acrylate) copolymers under K2S2O8-initiated copolymerization process of benzyl acrylate monomer with gelatinized potato ...

Thermodynamic analysis of indexes of operation of the engine with direct fuel injection for idle speed and acceleration

Contemporary requirements for combustion engines are aimed mainly at obtaining significant parameter values of their operation at simultaneously low fuel consumption and reduced exhaust emission. Despite the fact that combustion engines utilize diverse load conditions, the idle speed share in the whole range of their operation is significant. The percentage of combustion engines ...

Reinvestigation of the DyCl3–LiCl binary system phase diagram

The phase equilibria in the DyCl3–LiCl binary system were established on the basis of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements. One compound, namely Li3DyCl6, is formed in this system. It melts congruently at 768 K with enthalpy of 51.6 kJ mol−1. DSC curves for eutectic composition and for compositions close to eutectic (on the left and right side of eutectic) are ...

Study of PET fibres modified with phosphorus–silicon retardants

In this study, flame-retardant poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) fibres were produced using a high-temperature bath method similar to dyeing fibres with disperse dyes. A mixture of aqueous solutions of silicon and phosphorus compounds was used as the flame retardant. Samples of the modified fibres were examined by thermogravimetric analysis. The residue left after limited oxygen ...

Selected quality properties of lipid fraction and oxidative stability of dry dog foods under typical storage conditions

Selected quality and oxidative stability parameters of the lipid fraction were analyzed in four complete dry dog foods with different main animal-derived ingredients. The measurements were taken at the time of bag opening and repeated after 7 months of continuous storage in normal room conditions. Fatty acid (FA) content and acid value (AV) were determined, followed by subsequent ...

Application of microemulsion method for development of methanol steam reforming Pd/ZnO catalysts

Thermal decomposition of palladium acetylacetonate adsorbed on zinc oxide (ZnO), and the formation of palladium oxide (PdO) and palladium zinc alloy (PdZn) phases were studied. Two types of ZnO supports were prepared by the microemulsion method using different surfactants, i.e. hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and (Bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate sodium salt, AOT). The ...

Thermal and spectroscopic (IR, XPS) properties of lanthanide(III) benzene-1,3,5-triacetate complexes

The metal–organic frameworks of the formula Ln(bta)·nH2O where n = 3, 4, 5 or 6; bta = benzene-1,3,5-triacetate ion: [C9H9(COO)3]3−; Ln = La(III), Nd(III), Eu(III), Tb(III), Ho(III), Tm(III), Lu(III) were synthesized by the reaction of LnCl3·xH2O with ammonium salt of H3bta acid in water solution. Insoluble water compounds crystallize in the monoclinic or triclinic crystal system, ...

Application of thermal analysis techniques to study the oxidation/reduction phenomena during sintering of steels containing oxygen-sensitive alloying elements

For the consolidation of steel parts manufactured by powder metallurgy (PM) techniques, removal of the surface oxides covering metallic powder particles is a necessary prerequisite. In PM steels with conventional compositions, reduction of the oxides is easily achieved in traditional sintering furnaces. However, processing steels containing alloying elements with a high oxygen ...

Insight on thermal behaviour of new complexes of Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) with a bismacrocyclic ligand developed as biologically active species

A multi-component reaction involving metal ion, amines and formaldehyde has been used for a series of decaaza bismacrocyclic complexes M2L(CH3COO)4·nH2O [(1) M: Ni, n = 2.5; (2) M:Cu, n = 1; (3) M:Zn, n = 10; L:1,3-bis(N,N-1,3,6,9,12-pentaazacyclotridecane)-benzene] preparation. Elemental analyses, ESI-MS, IR, UV–Vis–NIR, NMR and EPR spectra, magnetic susceptibility at room ...

Mesophases of non-conventional liquid crystalline molecules

Two homologous series of triblock molecules of the H(CH2)n(CF2)6(CH2)nH and F(CF2)n(CH2)6(CF2)nF general formulas with n = 6, 8, 10, and 12 have been synthesized and investigated using two complementary methods: differential scanning calorimetry and polarized optical microscopy in order to investigate their thermal behavior, establish phase diagram, and calculate thermodynamic ...

Thermal analysis of the by-products of waste combustion

Every year, vast amounts of wastes are produced in households and in industrial facilities. Therefore, waste thermal treatment has become one of the most effective and popular methods of waste disposal and waste management. However, it inevitably leads to the creation of solid by-products, as ash and slag often containing substances which are toxic and harmful for environment. ...

Study of thermal properties of polyethylene and polypropylene nanocomposites with long alkyl chain-substituted POSS fillers

The effect of incorporation of octakis({alkyl}dimethylsiloxy)octasilsesquioxanes molecules with n-octyl, n-octadecyl and 4-methyl-hexyl substituents on thermal properties of polypropylene (PP), low-density polyethylene (LDPE) and high-density polyethylene (HDPE) was investigated. Thermal properties of those composite materials were evaluated by means of the differential scanning ...

Synthesis, structure, and thermal stability of new scheelite-type Pb1−3x□xPr2x(MoO4)1−3x(WO4)3x ceramic materials

Monophasic polycrystalline samples of Pb1−3x□xPr2x(MoO4)1−3x(WO4)3x solid solution with limited homogeneity (0 < x ≤ 0.2222) and cationic vacancies (□) have been prepared by high-temperature annealing of PbMoO4/Pr2(WO4)3 mixtures composed of 40.00 mol% and less of praseodymium tungstate. Initial reactants and obtained ceramic materials were characterized by XRD, simultaneous ...

An isothermal titration calorimetry study of phytate binding to lysozyme

Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) was used to detect phytate binding to the protein lysozyme. This binding interaction was driven by electrostatic interaction between the positively charged protein and negatively charged phytate. When two phytate molecules bind to the protein, the charge on the protein is neutralised and no further binding occurs. The stoichiometry of binding ...

Influence of cytotoxic butyltin complexes with 2-sulfobenzoic acid on the thermotropic phase behavior of lipid model membranes

In the previous study, we showed that butyltin complexes with 2-sulfobenzoic acid (commonly referred to as BTsbz) exhibit a very wide biological activity. The BTsbz in vitro are very active cytotoxic agents against tumor cells—more effective than cisplatin and carboplatin (traditional anticancer drugs). These complexes are antibacterial agents against gram-positive and ...