Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

http://link.springer.com/journal/10973

List of Papers (Total 567)

Application of hot-stage microscopy to evaluating sample morphology changes on heating

Investigations of the thermal properties of a raw material or a ceramic product under a hot-stage microscope allow, among others, determining the characteristic temperatures corresponding to the changes of the shape and the cross-section area of samples being heated. They are based on observing and analysing images of the sample recorded with the growth of its temperature. The ...

Effect of heat treatment on the physicochemical properties of nitrogen-enriched activated carbons

A series of functionalized carbonaceous adsorbents were prepared by means of reaction with urea and chemical activation of Polish brown coal. In order to obtain nitrogen groups bonded in different ways to the carbon structure, the reaction with urea was performed at two different stages of processing, with precursor or char. Additionally, the influence of annealing under nitrogen ...

Synthesis, structural characterization and thermal studies of a novel reagent 1-[(5-benzyl-1,3-thiazol-2-yl)diazenyl]naphthalene-2-ol

A new thiazolylazo reagent 1-[(5-benzyl-1,3-thiazol-2-yl)diazenyl]naphthalene-2-ol has been synthesized via arylation of acrolein and further diazotization and diazocoupling with 2-naphthol. The chemical structure of the compound was confirmed by IR, NMR: 1H, 13C, COSY, HSQC and SALDI-MS spectral data. The DSC method was employed to determine the melting point and the enthalpy of ...

The effect of chain extender structure on the properties of new thermoplastic poly(carbonate–urethane)s derived from MDI

Two series of high-molar-mass thermoplastic poly(carbonate–urethane)s (PCURs) were synthesized from nonconventional sulfur-containing chain extenders, i.e., 2,2′-[sulfanediylbis(benzene-1,4-diyloxy)]diethanol (diol SE) and 2,2′-[methanediylbis(benzene-1,4-diylmethanediylsulfanediyl)]diethanol (diol ME), 1,1′-methanediylbis(4-isocyanatobenzene) and 30, 45 and 60 mol% aliphatic ...

Thermal properties of TEX decomposition or sublimation

TEX is a thermostable compound and less sensitive to external stimuli. It sublimates and decomposes at high temperature. The influence of DSC and TG measurement conditions and substance mass on the thermal decomposition of TEX was determined. It was observed that substance mass, pan type and fulfillment degree of pan influence the thermal decomposition and kinetic parameters of TEX ...

Thermal, spectroscopic and dissolution studies of lovastatin solid dispersions with acetylsalicylic acid

Lovastatin (LOV) is widely used for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia. The poor water solubility of LOV leads to its poor gastrointestinal absorption and results in poor bioavailability. In this study, a preparation of solid dispersions with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) was studied to improve the dissolution rate of LOV. Solid dispersions were prepared using various mass ratios ...

Dissolution study and thermal analysis of fenofibrate–Pluronic F127 solid dispersions

Prepared solid dispersions were applied to a drug with low water solubility to improve its dissolution rate. Fenofibrate (FEN) is a Biopharmaceutical Classification System (BCS) class-II (poorly water-soluble) drug, and its bioavailability is limited by the dissolution rate. The physical state of FEN in solid dispersions with Pluronic F127 (PLU) prepared using the fusion method was ...

Thermal, spectroscopic (IR, Raman, NMR) and theoretical (DFT) studies of alkali metal complexes with pyrazinecarboxylate and 2,3-pyrazinedicarboxylate ligands

Pyrazinecarboxylic acid and its derivatives show biological properties (inter alia antimicrobial and antifungal). In the frame of this work, the salts of 2-pyrazinecarboxylic and 2,3-pyrazinedicarboxylic acids with alkali metal cations were synthesized as well as the spectroscopic (IR, Raman, NMR), theoretical [density functional theory (DFT)] and thermogravimetric studies of ...

Effect of properties of the N,N-dimethylformamide + methanol and N,N-dimethylformamide + water mixtures on the solution enthalpy of cyclic ethers in these mixtures at 298.15 K

The enthalpies of solution of cyclic ethers [1,4-dioxane, 12-crown-4 (12C4), 15-crown-5 (15C5) and 18-crown-6 (18C6)] in N,N-dimethylformamide + methanol (DMF + MeOH) mixtures have been measured at 298.15 K. On the basis of the obtained data, the effect of the acid–base and structure–energetic properties of the DMF + MeOH mixtures on the enthalpy of solution of cyclic ethers in ...

Thermal conductivity of refractory glass fibres

In the present study, the current international standards and corresponding apparatus for measuring the thermal conductivity of refractory glass fibre products have been reviewed. Refractory glass fibres are normally produced in the form of low-density needled mats. A major issue with thermal conductivity measurements of these materials is lack of reproducibility in the test ...

The influence of silicate on transformation pathways of synthetic 2-line ferrihydrite

In this study, a series of synthetic ferrihydrite samples of Si/Fe molar ratios ranging from zero to 1.5 were heated up to 1000 °C using simultaneous TG–DTA equipment. The XRD, FTIR, SEM–EDS and magnetic susceptibility measurements were carried out prior to and after heating. It has been found that silicate retards ferrihydrite transformation to hematite and affects crystallinity ...

Regeneration performance of metal–organic frameworks

The increasing attractiveness of the adsorption methods of CO2 capturing from coal power plant flue gas, which can be observed in recent years, is linked directly with the appearance and development of new, efficient CO2 adsorbents. The success of an adsorbent depends on the development of the material that, under flue gas temperature conditions, will have high sorption capacity ...

Chromium-modified zinc oxides

Zinc oxides modified with chromium were prepared by the co-precipitation method. Samples were calcined at 400 °C. Structural and surface properties of materials were studied by means of transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and low-temperature nitrogen adsorption methods. Temperature-programmed reduction methods were used for investigation of the influence of chromium ...

Thermal behavior, decomposition mechanism and some physicochemical properties of starch-g-poly(benzyl acrylate) copolymers

TG/FTIR/QMS-coupled method to study the thermal behavior along with the evolution of volatile decomposition products and thus the decomposition mechanism under inert conditions of some starch-g-poly(benzyl acrylate) copolymers was applied. Starch-g-poly(benzyl acrylate) copolymers under K2S2O8-initiated copolymerization process of benzyl acrylate monomer with gelatinized potato ...

Starch-g-poly(benzyl methacrylate) copolymers

The physicochemical properties such as swelling in polar and non-polar solvents, moisture resistance, chemical resistance, ability for gelatinization and the thermal properties along with the evolution of volatile decomposition products of some starch-g-copolymers obtained through the grafting of benzyl methacrylate monomer onto potato starch have been studied. The chemical ...

Thermal analysis of the products of alkali activation of fly ash from CFB boilers

Currently, in the energy sector circulating fluidized bed boilers are popularly used, resulting in the production of large amounts of fly ash. Due to the limited possibilities of utilization, the development of technology for their processing is crucial. One of the most promising and intensively studied ways to exploit fly ash (including those derived from fluidized bed boilers) is ...

Effect of side substituents on thermal stability of the modified chitosan and its nanocomposites with magnetite

Three different novel chitosan derivatives for medical or biotechnological applications have been successfully obtained by chemical modification of reactive amino and hydroxyl groups in chitosan chain. The modification has led to incorporation of different amount (one to three) of long-distanced amino and imine groups into each repeating unit. These highly functionalized chitosan ...

Liquid–crystal equilibrium application for 2,3-DNT initial thermal decomposition analysis

2,3-Dinitrotoluene (2,3-DNT) thermal decomposition and its products were studied. Main attention was paid on the initial stage of decomposition, because the degradation of even a few percent of high energetic compound may cause significant hazard. Partial decomposition of 2,3-DNT was performed conditioning at the temperature range of 457–568 K. Impurities production at the initial ...

Application of microemulsion method for development of methanol steam reforming Pd/ZnO catalysts

Thermal decomposition of palladium acetylacetonate adsorbed on zinc oxide (ZnO), and the formation of palladium oxide (PdO) and palladium zinc alloy (PdZn) phases were studied. Two types of ZnO supports were prepared by the microemulsion method using different surfactants, i.e. hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and (Bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate sodium salt, AOT). The ...