Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

http://link.springer.com/journal/10973

List of Papers (Total 566)

Analysis of the effect of antiwear CrN coating thickness on the evolution of thermomechanical interactions in the substrate/PVD coating system

The main goal of this study was to analyze the application possibilities of modulated temperature thermomechanical analysis (MT TMA) for the evaluation of thermomechanical interactions in substrate/PVD coating systems on the example of examination of influence of changes in thickness of a coating on internal stress evolution in these systems. As an indicator of the stress state in ...

Study of PET fibres modified with phosphorus–silicon retardants

In this study, flame-retardant poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) fibres were produced using a high-temperature bath method similar to dyeing fibres with disperse dyes. A mixture of aqueous solutions of silicon and phosphorus compounds was used as the flame retardant. Samples of the modified fibres were examined by thermogravimetric analysis. The residue left after limited oxygen ...

Application of microemulsion method for development of methanol steam reforming Pd/ZnO catalysts

Thermal decomposition of palladium acetylacetonate adsorbed on zinc oxide (ZnO), and the formation of palladium oxide (PdO) and palladium zinc alloy (PdZn) phases were studied. Two types of ZnO supports were prepared by the microemulsion method using different surfactants, i.e. hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and (Bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate sodium salt, AOT). The ...

Thermal analysis of the by-products of waste combustion

Every year, vast amounts of wastes are produced in households and in industrial facilities. Therefore, waste thermal treatment has become one of the most effective and popular methods of waste disposal and waste management. However, it inevitably leads to the creation of solid by-products, as ash and slag often containing substances which are toxic and harmful for environment. ...

Study of thermal properties of polyethylene and polypropylene nanocomposites with long alkyl chain-substituted POSS fillers

The effect of incorporation of octakis({alkyl}dimethylsiloxy)octasilsesquioxanes molecules with n-octyl, n-octadecyl and 4-methyl-hexyl substituents on thermal properties of polypropylene (PP), low-density polyethylene (LDPE) and high-density polyethylene (HDPE) was investigated. Thermal properties of those composite materials were evaluated by means of the differential scanning ...

Impact of adsorption of poly(aspartic acid) and its copolymers with polyethylene glycol on thermal characteristic of Cr2O3

The polymer structure impact on the adsorption layer conformation formed on the chromium (III) oxide surface was investigated. As adsorbates, three macromolecular compounds were tested: poly(l-aspartic acid) homopolymer and two block copolymers containing the poly(amino acid) segments as well as the poly(ethylene glycol) ones in the chain structure. Due to the ionic nature of the ...

Effect of addition of BaO on sintering of glass–ceramic materials from SiO2–Al2O2–Na2O–K2O–CaO/MgO system

Glass–ceramic materials due to the various physical and chemical parameters have a more and more wide application in various areas of engineering. This paper presents a glass–ceramic material originating from the Al2O2–SiO2–Na2O–K2O–CaO/MgO modified by the addition of barium oxide. For the oxide composition which the molar ratio of SiO2/Al2O3 is constant and equal to 6.42, and ...

Thermal stability, crystallization and magnetic properties of Fe-Co-based metallic glasses

The aim of the paper was to investigate thermal stability, crystallization and magnetic properties of Fe-Co-based metallic glasses (MGs). Investigations were carried out on amorphous ribbons with the compositions of [(Fe0.5Co0.5)0.75B0.2Si0.05]96Nb4 and [(Fe0.6Co0.3Ni0.1)0.75B0.2Si 0.05]96Nb4. Thermal properties (liquidus T l and melting T m temperatures) of the pre-alloyed ingots ...

Characteristic of synthesis and transformations of hardystonite in willemite glass-crystalline glaze based on thermal analysis

A new crystalline phase hardystonite (Ca2ZnSi2O7) has been obtained in willemite glass–ceramic glaze containing more than 20 % by mass ZnO. To our knowledge, there was no report about the presence of this calcium zinc silicate in glazes. The aim of this study was to investigate the synthesis and thermal behavior of Ca2ZnSi2O7 in ceramic glaze. A hardystonite formed in glaze at 750 ...

Investigations of rheological properties of nitrided steels using thermodilatometric method with temperature modulation

In this work were developed issues concerning the use of thermodilatometric methods for the evaluation of rheological properties of nitrided and non-nitrided steel substrates and systems composed of steel substrate and physical vapour deposition (PVD) coating. Analysis of the rheological properties of these systems (e.g. viscosity, ability to dissipate the energy of deformation or ...

Thermal analysis of activated carbon obtained from residue after supercritical extraction of hops

Activated carbons have been obtained by physical activation of residue left after supercritical extraction of hops. The effect of pyrolysis temperature on the physicochemical properties of the adsorbents prepared was tested. The carbonaceous materials were characterised by low-temperature nitrogen sorption, determination of pH and the number of surface oxygen groups. The thermal ...

Characterization of composites containing NiAl2O4 spinel phase from Al2O3/NiO and Al2O3/Ni systems

This paper focused on the characterization of the composites containing nickel aluminate spinel from Al2O3/NiO and Al2O3/Ni systems. The composites were prepared by die pressing of powders and subsequent sintering of green bodies in air atmosphere. Composites were characterized by XRD, SEM, EDS and DTA/TG/MS analyses. The physical properties of the composites were measured by ...

Application of hot-stage microscopy to evaluating sample morphology changes on heating

Investigations of the thermal properties of a raw material or a ceramic product under a hot-stage microscope allow, among others, determining the characteristic temperatures corresponding to the changes of the shape and the cross-section area of samples being heated. They are based on observing and analysing images of the sample recorded with the growth of its temperature. The ...

Effect of heat treatment on the physicochemical properties of nitrogen-enriched activated carbons

A series of functionalized carbonaceous adsorbents were prepared by means of reaction with urea and chemical activation of Polish brown coal. In order to obtain nitrogen groups bonded in different ways to the carbon structure, the reaction with urea was performed at two different stages of processing, with precursor or char. Additionally, the influence of annealing under nitrogen ...

Thermal properties of TEX decomposition or sublimation

TEX is a thermostable compound and less sensitive to external stimuli. It sublimates and decomposes at high temperature. The influence of DSC and TG measurement conditions and substance mass on the thermal decomposition of TEX was determined. It was observed that substance mass, pan type and fulfillment degree of pan influence the thermal decomposition and kinetic parameters of TEX ...

Thermal, spectroscopic and dissolution studies of lovastatin solid dispersions with acetylsalicylic acid

Lovastatin (LOV) is widely used for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia. The poor water solubility of LOV leads to its poor gastrointestinal absorption and results in poor bioavailability. In this study, a preparation of solid dispersions with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) was studied to improve the dissolution rate of LOV. Solid dispersions were prepared using various mass ratios ...

Dissolution study and thermal analysis of fenofibrate–Pluronic F127 solid dispersions

Prepared solid dispersions were applied to a drug with low water solubility to improve its dissolution rate. Fenofibrate (FEN) is a Biopharmaceutical Classification System (BCS) class-II (poorly water-soluble) drug, and its bioavailability is limited by the dissolution rate. The physical state of FEN in solid dispersions with Pluronic F127 (PLU) prepared using the fusion method was ...

Thermal conductivity of refractory glass fibres

In the present study, the current international standards and corresponding apparatus for measuring the thermal conductivity of refractory glass fibre products have been reviewed. Refractory glass fibres are normally produced in the form of low-density needled mats. A major issue with thermal conductivity measurements of these materials is lack of reproducibility in the test ...

The influence of silicate on transformation pathways of synthetic 2-line ferrihydrite

In this study, a series of synthetic ferrihydrite samples of Si/Fe molar ratios ranging from zero to 1.5 were heated up to 1000 °C using simultaneous TG–DTA equipment. The XRD, FTIR, SEM–EDS and magnetic susceptibility measurements were carried out prior to and after heating. It has been found that silicate retards ferrihydrite transformation to hematite and affects crystallinity ...