Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

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List of Papers (Total 575)

Impact of adsorption of poly(aspartic acid) and its copolymers with polyethylene glycol on thermal characteristic of Cr2O3

The polymer structure impact on the adsorption layer conformation formed on the chromium (III) oxide surface was investigated. As adsorbates, three macromolecular compounds were tested: poly(l-aspartic acid) homopolymer and two block copolymers containing the poly(amino acid) segments as well as the poly(ethylene glycol) ones in the chain structure. Due to the ionic nature of the ...

Thermal properties of TEX decomposition or sublimation

TEX is a thermostable compound and less sensitive to external stimuli. It sublimates and decomposes at high temperature. The influence of DSC and TG measurement conditions and substance mass on the thermal decomposition of TEX was determined. It was observed that substance mass, pan type and fulfillment degree of pan influence the thermal decomposition and kinetic parameters of TEX ...

Effect of alkali and alkaline earth metals addition on Ni/ZrO2 catalyst activity in cellulose conversion

This work is devoted to the investigation of the effect of alkali and alkaline earth metals addition on Ni/ZrO2 catalyst activity in high-temperature cellulose conversion. The catalysts containing 20 % of Ni and 1 % of Ca, Mg, Na and K (calculated per amount of oxide) introduced on ZrO2 surface by impregnation method were prepared. The surface properties of the investigated samples ...

Effect of addition of BaO on sintering of glass–ceramic materials from SiO2–Al2O2–Na2O–K2O–CaO/MgO system

Glass–ceramic materials due to the various physical and chemical parameters have a more and more wide application in various areas of engineering. This paper presents a glass–ceramic material originating from the Al2O2–SiO2–Na2O–K2O–CaO/MgO modified by the addition of barium oxide. For the oxide composition which the molar ratio of SiO2/Al2O3 is constant and equal to 6.42, and ...

Does local cryotherapy improve thermal diagnosis similar to whole-body cryotherapy in spinal diseases?

Thermal imaging has been used for patients with spinal diseases who were qualified by their physicians for whole-body treatment or local cryotherapy. The experimental groups of patients consisted of 20 males aged 51.6 ± 9.0 (12 treated by whole-body cryotherapy and 8 by local cryotherapy). The distribution of the skin surface temperature was monitored by using a Thermovision Camera ...

Thermal analysis in foundry technology

TG–DSC thermal analysis involved two new BioCo foundry binders in the form of a composition with poly(acrylic acid) and modified polysaccharides (dextrin, sodium salt of carboxymethyl starch). Thermal analysis was conducted to determine the effect of the thermal decomposition conditions and polymer structure on the progress of degradation in terms of processes occurring in the ...

Compatibility studies of hydrocortisone with excipients using thermogravimetric analysis supported by multivariate statistical analysis

Application of thermogravimetry (TG) alone to study compatibility/incompatibility of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) with excipients yields to misleading results due to overlapping of the thermal stages in the course of decomposition of both ingredients and their pharmaceutical mixtures. Hence, the purpose of this study was to assess the usefulness of multivariate ...

Measurement of thermal conductivity of ZnO–TiO2/EG hybrid nanofluid

The hybrid nanofluids are novel nanofluids and can be prepared by suspending various kinds of nanoparticles in base fluid. In this paper, an experimental investigation on the effects of temperature and nanoparticles concentration on the thermal conductivity of ZnO–TiO2/EG hybrid nanofluids is presented. The experiments were implemented at temperature ranging from 25 to 50 °C and ...

Thermal stability, crystallization and magnetic properties of Fe-Co-based metallic glasses

The aim of the paper was to investigate thermal stability, crystallization and magnetic properties of Fe-Co-based metallic glasses (MGs). Investigations were carried out on amorphous ribbons with the compositions of [(Fe0.5Co0.5)0.75B0.2Si0.05]96Nb4 and [(Fe0.6Co0.3Ni0.1)0.75B0.2Si 0.05]96Nb4. Thermal properties (liquidus T l and melting T m temperatures) of the pre-alloyed ingots ...

Characteristic of synthesis and transformations of hardystonite in willemite glass-crystalline glaze based on thermal analysis

A new crystalline phase hardystonite (Ca2ZnSi2O7) has been obtained in willemite glass–ceramic glaze containing more than 20 % by mass ZnO. To our knowledge, there was no report about the presence of this calcium zinc silicate in glazes. The aim of this study was to investigate the synthesis and thermal behavior of Ca2ZnSi2O7 in ceramic glaze. A hardystonite formed in glaze at 750 ...

Characteristics of thermal behavior of photoluminescent copolymers studied by the TG/DTG/FTIR coupled method

Thermal properties of the photoluminescent copolymers, naphthalene-2,7-diol dimethacrylate derivatives, are presented in this paper. The materials were synthesized by bulk copolymerization of 2,7-(2-hydroxy-3-methacryloyloxypropoxy)naphthalene (2,7-NAF.DM) with four popular vinyl monomers: 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA), butyl acrylate (BA), divinylbenzene (DVB) and styrene ...

Investigations of rheological properties of nitrided steels using thermodilatometric method with temperature modulation

In this work were developed issues concerning the use of thermodilatometric methods for the evaluation of rheological properties of nitrided and non-nitrided steel substrates and systems composed of steel substrate and physical vapour deposition (PVD) coating. Analysis of the rheological properties of these systems (e.g. viscosity, ability to dissipate the energy of deformation or ...

Thermal analysis of activated carbon obtained from residue after supercritical extraction of hops

Activated carbons have been obtained by physical activation of residue left after supercritical extraction of hops. The effect of pyrolysis temperature on the physicochemical properties of the adsorbents prepared was tested. The carbonaceous materials were characterised by low-temperature nitrogen sorption, determination of pH and the number of surface oxygen groups. The thermal ...

Water thermoporosimetry as a tool of characterization of the textural parameters of mesoporous materials

Water thermoporosimetry (TPM) is a powerful method for studying the properties of porous materials, devoted especially for investigation of the samples that can be destroyed in drying process. However, this method is not very popular and relatively rarely used because of problems with proper measurement procedure and choosing correct equation for the result interpretation. This ...

Nucleation ability of advanced functional silica/lignin hybrid fillers in polypropylene composites

Novel advanced functional silica/lignin hybrid fillers were synthesized for the purpose of their application in composites with polypropylene. The use of lignin for the production of hybrid fillers is justified due to the advantages such as reduction in cost of products, improvement in biodegradability as well as antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. The study encompasses an ...

Thermal conductivity of refractory glass fibres

In the present study, the current international standards and corresponding apparatus for measuring the thermal conductivity of refractory glass fibre products have been reviewed. Refractory glass fibres are normally produced in the form of low-density needled mats. A major issue with thermal conductivity measurements of these materials is lack of reproducibility in the test ...

Spectroscopic, thermogravimetric and biological studies of Na(I), Ni(II) and Zn(II) complexes of quercetin

The Na(I), Zn(II) and Ni(II) complexes with quercetin have been synthesized. The composition of these compounds was established by means of elemental and thermogravimetric analyses. To study the molecular structure of synthesized compounds, many miscellaneous analytical methods, which complement one another, were used: infrared (FT-IR), Raman (FT-Raman) and electronic absorption ...

Characterization of composites containing NiAl2O4 spinel phase from Al2O3/NiO and Al2O3/Ni systems

This paper focused on the characterization of the composites containing nickel aluminate spinel from Al2O3/NiO and Al2O3/Ni systems. The composites were prepared by die pressing of powders and subsequent sintering of green bodies in air atmosphere. Composites were characterized by XRD, SEM, EDS and DTA/TG/MS analyses. The physical properties of the composites were measured by ...

The influence of silicate on transformation pathways of synthetic 2-line ferrihydrite

In this study, a series of synthetic ferrihydrite samples of Si/Fe molar ratios ranging from zero to 1.5 were heated up to 1000 °C using simultaneous TG–DTA equipment. The XRD, FTIR, SEM–EDS and magnetic susceptibility measurements were carried out prior to and after heating. It has been found that silicate retards ferrihydrite transformation to hematite and affects crystallinity ...

DSC coupled with PCA as a tool for butter authenticity assessment

The authenticity assessment of butter is still a big challenge for analytics. Due to its low cost, palm oil (PO) is the edible fat most frequently used as an adulterant in the production of butter. The aim of this study was to test the feasibility of the DSC technique coupled with principal component analysis (PCA) for the distinction of pure butterfat from adulterated. A ...