Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

http://link.springer.com/journal/10973

List of Papers (Total 593)

Thermal properties of TEX decomposition or sublimation

TEX is a thermostable compound and less sensitive to external stimuli. It sublimates and decomposes at high temperature. The influence of DSC and TG measurement conditions and substance mass on the thermal decomposition of TEX was determined. It was observed that substance mass, pan type and fulfillment degree of pan influence the thermal decomposition and kinetic parameters of TEX ...

Thermal, spectroscopic and dissolution studies of lovastatin solid dispersions with acetylsalicylic acid

Lovastatin (LOV) is widely used for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia. The poor water solubility of LOV leads to its poor gastrointestinal absorption and results in poor bioavailability. In this study, a preparation of solid dispersions with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) was studied to improve the dissolution rate of LOV. Solid dispersions were prepared using various mass ratios ...

Dissolution study and thermal analysis of fenofibrate–Pluronic F127 solid dispersions

Prepared solid dispersions were applied to a drug with low water solubility to improve its dissolution rate. Fenofibrate (FEN) is a Biopharmaceutical Classification System (BCS) class-II (poorly water-soluble) drug, and its bioavailability is limited by the dissolution rate. The physical state of FEN in solid dispersions with Pluronic F127 (PLU) prepared using the fusion method was ...

Investigation of key parameters influence on properties of the green pellets and lightweight ceramic proppants obtained by mechanical granulation method

Ceramic proppants are determined as material designed for hydraulic fracturing in the shale gas industry. Shale formation is fractured due to pumping the fracturing fluid including proppants into the unconventional well. Ceramic granulates set in the newly created fissures act as a prop and permit the shale gas of flowing up the well. The aim of this research was to study and ...

Thermal, spectroscopic (IR, Raman, NMR) and theoretical (DFT) studies of alkali metal complexes with pyrazinecarboxylate and 2,3-pyrazinedicarboxylate ligands

Pyrazinecarboxylic acid and its derivatives show biological properties (inter alia antimicrobial and antifungal). In the frame of this work, the salts of 2-pyrazinecarboxylic and 2,3-pyrazinedicarboxylic acids with alkali metal cations were synthesized as well as the spectroscopic (IR, Raman, NMR), theoretical [density functional theory (DFT)] and thermogravimetric studies of ...

Thermographic imaging as alternative method in allergy diagnosis

Allergen sensitization is being diagnosed by commonly available methods in clinical practice—skin prick tests (SPTs) and specific immunoglobulin E test (sIgE). Recently, a new thermographic (TH) method for the assessment of SPT was developed, and it was demonstrated that the TH measurements of forearm temperature distribution during SPT, supported by a mathematical model, offer a ...

Effect of properties of the N,N-dimethylformamide + methanol and N,N-dimethylformamide + water mixtures on the solution enthalpy of cyclic ethers in these mixtures at 298.15 K

The enthalpies of solution of cyclic ethers [1,4-dioxane, 12-crown-4 (12C4), 15-crown-5 (15C5) and 18-crown-6 (18C6)] in N,N-dimethylformamide + methanol (DMF + MeOH) mixtures have been measured at 298.15 K. On the basis of the obtained data, the effect of the acid–base and structure–energetic properties of the DMF + MeOH mixtures on the enthalpy of solution of cyclic ethers in ...

Thermal conductivity of refractory glass fibres

In the present study, the current international standards and corresponding apparatus for measuring the thermal conductivity of refractory glass fibre products have been reviewed. Refractory glass fibres are normally produced in the form of low-density needled mats. A major issue with thermal conductivity measurements of these materials is lack of reproducibility in the test ...

The influence of silicate on transformation pathways of synthetic 2-line ferrihydrite

In this study, a series of synthetic ferrihydrite samples of Si/Fe molar ratios ranging from zero to 1.5 were heated up to 1000 °C using simultaneous TG–DTA equipment. The XRD, FTIR, SEM–EDS and magnetic susceptibility measurements were carried out prior to and after heating. It has been found that silicate retards ferrihydrite transformation to hematite and affects crystallinity ...

Regeneration performance of metal–organic frameworks

The increasing attractiveness of the adsorption methods of CO2 capturing from coal power plant flue gas, which can be observed in recent years, is linked directly with the appearance and development of new, efficient CO2 adsorbents. The success of an adsorbent depends on the development of the material that, under flue gas temperature conditions, will have high sorption capacity ...

Chromium-modified zinc oxides

Zinc oxides modified with chromium were prepared by the co-precipitation method. Samples were calcined at 400 °C. Structural and surface properties of materials were studied by means of transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and low-temperature nitrogen adsorption methods. Temperature-programmed reduction methods were used for investigation of the influence of chromium ...

Thermal and photoluminescence analysis of a methacrylic diester derivative of naphthalene-2,7-diol

The synthesis and thermal and optical properties of a new type of photoluminescent monomer of 2,7-bis[2-(2-hydroxy-3-methacryloyloxypropoxy)propoxy]naphthalene (2,7-NAF.PMEM) are presented. The chemical structure of 2,7-NAF.PMEM was confirmed by 1H and 13C NMR analysis and ATR-FTIR spectroscopy. Next, bulk copolymers were synthesized using two comonomers, methyl methacrylate and ...

Thermal behavior, decomposition mechanism and some physicochemical properties of starch-g-poly(benzyl acrylate) copolymers

TG/FTIR/QMS-coupled method to study the thermal behavior along with the evolution of volatile decomposition products and thus the decomposition mechanism under inert conditions of some starch-g-poly(benzyl acrylate) copolymers was applied. Starch-g-poly(benzyl acrylate) copolymers under K2S2O8-initiated copolymerization process of benzyl acrylate monomer with gelatinized potato ...

Starch-g-poly(benzyl methacrylate) copolymers

The physicochemical properties such as swelling in polar and non-polar solvents, moisture resistance, chemical resistance, ability for gelatinization and the thermal properties along with the evolution of volatile decomposition products of some starch-g-copolymers obtained through the grafting of benzyl methacrylate monomer onto potato starch have been studied. The chemical ...

Thermal analysis of the products of alkali activation of fly ash from CFB boilers

Currently, in the energy sector circulating fluidized bed boilers are popularly used, resulting in the production of large amounts of fly ash. Due to the limited possibilities of utilization, the development of technology for their processing is crucial. One of the most promising and intensively studied ways to exploit fly ash (including those derived from fluidized bed boilers) is ...

Effect of side substituents on thermal stability of the modified chitosan and its nanocomposites with magnetite

Three different novel chitosan derivatives for medical or biotechnological applications have been successfully obtained by chemical modification of reactive amino and hydroxyl groups in chitosan chain. The modification has led to incorporation of different amount (one to three) of long-distanced amino and imine groups into each repeating unit. These highly functionalized chitosan ...

Liquid–crystal equilibrium application for 2,3-DNT initial thermal decomposition analysis

2,3-Dinitrotoluene (2,3-DNT) thermal decomposition and its products were studied. Main attention was paid on the initial stage of decomposition, because the degradation of even a few percent of high energetic compound may cause significant hazard. Partial decomposition of 2,3-DNT was performed conditioning at the temperature range of 457–568 K. Impurities production at the initial ...

Application of microemulsion method for development of methanol steam reforming Pd/ZnO catalysts

Thermal decomposition of palladium acetylacetonate adsorbed on zinc oxide (ZnO), and the formation of palladium oxide (PdO) and palladium zinc alloy (PdZn) phases were studied. Two types of ZnO supports were prepared by the microemulsion method using different surfactants, i.e. hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and (Bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate sodium salt, AOT). The ...

Application of thermal analysis techniques to study the oxidation/reduction phenomena during sintering of steels containing oxygen-sensitive alloying elements

For the consolidation of steel parts manufactured by powder metallurgy (PM) techniques, removal of the surface oxides covering metallic powder particles is a necessary prerequisite. In PM steels with conventional compositions, reduction of the oxides is easily achieved in traditional sintering furnaces. However, processing steels containing alloying elements with a high oxygen ...

Mesophases of non-conventional liquid crystalline molecules

Two homologous series of triblock molecules of the H(CH2)n(CF2)6(CH2)nH and F(CF2)n(CH2)6(CF2)nF general formulas with n = 6, 8, 10, and 12 have been synthesized and investigated using two complementary methods: differential scanning calorimetry and polarized optical microscopy in order to investigate their thermal behavior, establish phase diagram, and calculate thermodynamic ...

Thermal analysis of the by-products of waste combustion

Every year, vast amounts of wastes are produced in households and in industrial facilities. Therefore, waste thermal treatment has become one of the most effective and popular methods of waste disposal and waste management. However, it inevitably leads to the creation of solid by-products, as ash and slag often containing substances which are toxic and harmful for environment. ...