On the Variation and Abundance of Sirex Nitidus Harris

Psyche: A Journal of Entomology, Sep 2018

Charles W. Johnson

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On the Variation and Abundance of Sirex Nitidus Harris

International Journal of Variation and Abundance of Sirex nitidus BY CHARLES W. JOHNSON 0 0 Boston Society of Natural History Dr. Frederic T. Lewis has obtained a large and interesting series of a horntail referable to Sirex nitidus Harris, at his summer place at Randolph, N.H. On July 29, 1930, Dr. Lewis sent me 18 males and 5 emales; on August 3, 24 males and 25 emales; on August 7, 9 males and 17 2emales; on August 10, 5 males a.nd 4 emales; on August 22 to 29, 6 males and 15 females; in all, 62 males and 68 emales, a total of 130. Having but one male and three 2emales of this species after twenty-six years collecting in New England, this large number came as a great surprise. The series is especially interesting in showing a remarkable range of variation. The smallest male measures 13 mm., the largest 25 mm., and the smallest emale is 12 mm. and the largest 24 mm. This measurement does not include the ovipositor. Between the two extremes there is a complete gradation in size. There is also a great variation in the color of the two sexes, which together with the problem of distribution make the species of the genus Sirex difficult to define. In determining this species there are many obstacles. It does not agree with S. ,cyaneus Fabr. as defined by either Bradley or Waterston but is closer to S. noctilio Fabr. as redescribed by Waterston. It differs, however, from that species in having all the femora of the male bright yellow not "darkened," the posterior tibim and the first three joints of the tarsi black. The female has the same 2orm of cornus and length of ovipostor as S. noctilio, but j. C. Bradley, Journ. Ent. and Zool., vol. 5, p. 19, 1913. James Waterston, Bull. Ent. Research, vol. 5, p. 221, 1928. - Psyche September the "tergites II-VIII" are not "dull black," but of a deep blue color, smooth and highly polished, as described by Harris under Urocerus nitidus. The type came from Dublin, N. H., near Mt. Monadnock, about one hundred miles south of Randolph. It seems evident that this is the prevailing form of this region and that it represents the S. nitidus Itarris. I have also received a male from Mr. Dwight Blaney, who collected it on Ironbound Island near Bar Harbor, Maine. The males vary considerably in color. Three and often four of the basal segments and the eighth segment of the abdomen are dark blue. One has the base of the eighth only narrowly bluish, and a second specimen has the same segment with only a narrow apical margin of yellow. Many specimens have on the three or four yellow segments dorsal spots of blue, and the seventh segment is often widely margined with blue. As in S. noctilio the first transverse brachial vein may be either complete or incomplete, but this character is of little value. In 100 specimens, 60 had the vein complete and in 40 it was incomplete; in addition two specimens had the vein complete in one wing and incomplete in the other. The specimens came from a Balsam fir (Abies balsamea) which had been cut down during the summer of 1929. On September 3 Dr. Lewis sent a section of the tree 11 inches long, with a diameter of 43 inches, from which 41 specimens had emerged. With the Sirex nitidus were taken three males of Ibalia ensiger Nort. This species like I. maculipennis Hald. is probably parasitic on Sirex and other wood borers. While collecting on Nantucket, Mass., Sept. 9, 1929, I obtained an interesting specimen associated with Sirex edwardsii, a male in which all except the first and second segments of the abdomen are yellow. If the third and fourth joints of the antennm were not reddish I should be inclined to refer it to S. nigricornis without question, and perhaps this may prove to be the case. All of the many male specimens of S. edwardsii taken have only the fifth and sixth segments of the abdomen yellow. "T. W. Harris. Insects of Massachusetts Injurious to Vegetation, p. 391, 1841. Peptides Advance s in ht p:/ w w.hindawi.com Virol og y Hindawi Publishing Corporation Hindawi Publishing Corporation ht p:/ www.hindawi.com Submit your manuscr ipts http://www.hindawi.com Research International Stem Cells International Hindawi Publishing Corporation ht p:/ www.hindawi.com Zoology International Journal of Journal of Signal Hindawi Publishing Corporation ht p:/ www.hindawi.com Transduction Research International Hindawi Publishing Corporation ht p:/ www.hindawi.com Anatomy Research International Research International Advances in Hindawi Publishing Corporation ht p:/ www.hindawi.com Hindawi Publishing Corporation ht p:/ www.hindawi.com Enzyme Research Journal of International Journal of Genomics Hindawi Publishing Corporation ht p:/ www.hindawi.com Journal of Nucleic Acids The Scientiifc World Journal

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Charles W. Johnson. On the Variation and Abundance of Sirex Nitidus Harris, Psyche: A Journal of Entomology, DOI: 10.1155/1930/62786