Analysis of Pesticides and Toxic Heavy Metals Contained in Mosquito Coils

Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Oct 2016

In this study, 10 mosquito coils manufactured in China were obtained in Suriname, South America, where they are used extensively. The coils were analyzed for organics (allethrin, permethrin, and butylated hydroxytoluene) and heavy metals (Cr, Co, As, Cd, and Pb) by GC-MS and ICP-MS, respectively. Allethrin was the only target organic compound detected in all mosquito coils with concentrations ranging from ~1900 to ~4500 µg/g. The concentrations of heavy metals varied as follows (in µg/g): Cr: 2.9–9.4, Co: 0.1–1.2, Cu: 0.7–16.1, Se: 0.10–0.4, Ni: 2.1–5.8, As: 0.10–2.2, Cd: 0.10–0.2, and Pb: 1.1–3.6.

A PDF file should load here. If you do not see its contents the file may be temporarily unavailable at the journal website or you do not have a PDF plug-in installed and enabled in your browser.

Alternatively, you can download the file locally and open with any standalone PDF reader:

Analysis of Pesticides and Toxic Heavy Metals Contained in Mosquito Coils

ne Maur . respctivly . extnsivly eSptmbr oflws rok Y liam W cOtober y Jefr nech Fr ciklfe W ngc emr Universty - D I . 1 0 1 eg tar iN: rC: agnics ro .21–58, .29–4, .) CIP-MS, uLbock, oC: gAriculte, .01–2, .01–2, L(awrnce 36, 7940-1 dC: uC: 72 .01–2, cSiens, .07–16, oC, + eS: sA, bP: hcikungya, .01–4, dC, .1–36 iFsher, eHalth, · 3 .B ,2 701 SUA 540 .A 2 .K tciv ef ahbits. omsquit-brne hcemials. 021 0215 1(–5 021 9187 ocmbustin 023 021 021 918 029 uBl amnufctred ni hCina nad L(in nad hSen uspectd hta amnufctres fo yPrethoids rae otxic ot etrsial nivertbas C(ox nad aMterils nad eMthods qautic nivertbas A(nderso eman miport fo ihg elv fo sue fo ocmpsitn fo msoke rfom ocmpsitn fo omshten imxed ot amke aclibrton tsandr fo hcemials amnufctres neviromtal ewighd nad hteir idametrs emasurd ebfor xetracion ubrnig fo rent dif ocils esgmnt ewighn .30 g aws rboken fo rfom noe ned fo ~ omsquit ocils iDametr oCil DI oCil edscripton aMs g() iDamc(m) ter c(m) 1 eRd aPlet .856 .90 6 rGen obx aPlet .8502 .92 7 rGen obx rbought yb miporte 43.2 21. 3 aPlet .859 .94 8 lBack obx enxt 63.10 21.5 9 lBack obx lBack obx hwile fo ni ilmt, fo CIP-MS, aws htis nad fo hPal ni iFg. edtc rtaions oCil ocils ebing hte fo sA, dC oCncetrais ocils. .71 .39 .45 .46 .73 .53 .41 .94 .3 .29 rC oCncetrais µ(g/) hte 1# oCils .08 .06 .08 .06 .12 .08 .07 .03 .03 .01 oC 2# nad d e t c oin gµ/ nad , Cr nad nad oC, rtiplcaes sA, ocneeS, dC, nad iN, .01–28 htose fo C(oil .4 .28 .27 .29 .4 .35 .28 .58 .30 .21 iN rae ( < .01 emtals, uC, dC su gµ/ botained dC eBcaus ot hte sA ocnehte c o n e t r a oin i s ( < . vlyrespcti ot CIP-MS olwer ot opsible sued a s t e r i k wb ole .01 ) (201 esnitvy tI usch miportan , Cr ocnetrais evry dC, ot CIP-OES .07* .06* .04 .02 .06* .01 .05* .01* .03* eS aws htrin, ocmpsitn miported res ont acn evctors hte ni la. eprmthin, fo ihg fo ot hte hte htoug rae amy nalyse iMtgan nI edtc ocuntries edtc hwic ti ni rC ot ginored. rcital. a rpesnt nad 01 hte tsudy ehavy rpesnt hwic ubtylaed omsquit si nifectos sah nivestgad ocils. nad elad hta ni ot hte suing hte nad hte hPal tsudy nad miprove iLu cets af ofrmatin rC dEite omnitrg ystem , laborty SU agnic or omsquit ocils sued ni htis tsudy edgras arpidly ni hte oMrli ,C uQaglio , F eDla oRca ,G aMlvis ,J iD aSlvo A 2(06) neviromt U(S A hte otxicy ysntheic yprethoids erd wsamp ist ot acuse neviromtal ocners. coambus rP d Gira nad oCmn r y i h ( aCrp C(yprinus .L uBl rF iPsc h i g h l y t o x i c t o f i s h . cAknowledgmts eRsarch htis upblicaton aws usppsatil erplncy etsing aPrsit evctors :51–0 oprted ni aprt yb hte oFgarty nIteraiol eCntr fo hte aNtionl aPlmquist ,K aSlts ,J aFirbothe A 2(01) yPrethoid nIstiue eHalth nuder awrd A uNmbers evn nIsectid davnces nitegrad epst a n d d o e s n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e p r e s e n t t h e o f f i c i a l v i e w s o f t h e hPal ocmpartive tsudy lemnta nalysi erplnt ocil nad icgaret nIt J hParm iBol cSi (14):62–7 iRce JP, rDews DC, lKubertanz MT, rBadbuy , PS oCats RJ 1(97) cAute otxicy nad ebhaviorl tcs ef nad aJpnes nAderso LR nEviro hCem meitd rfom nidor ocmbustin isze uqito-cl hCemospr ubtion emasurnt nad hcemial nIhaltio oCx lison W TW emlifra .L H(ymenoptra: aSmsoe-Ptrn ,L uGstavon ,K aMdsen , T oMgens ,B aLsen pAidae). kSjernov ,K sefnvalrt garicult nEviro hCem o p m e n t a l n e u r o t o x i c i t y o f p y r e t h r o i d i n s e c t i c i d e s i n z e b r a f i s h mebryos. xoicl T cSi hSu-Cen ,C uRey-Hong , W iL-Je ,S iMng-Ch ,C uHei L 2(08) eDsnux ,N eDcourty ,A eDlpuch MJ 2(07) hTe usbletha tcs ef xEposure omsquit ocil msoke amy irsk afctor ofr ulng acner atiwn. J pEidemol 81():9–25 o f p e s t i c i d e s o n b e n e f i c i a l a r t h r o p o d s . sAemnt uhman ehalt tcs ef uDbey ,J aBnerj ,A eMna KR, uKmari MK, aLkhni A 2(014) saocited iwth xeposur nidor iar nIt J pAl nEg hCarcteizon fo oplyci raomtic yhdrocabns ni meiseRs afct hset unmber 518: laethrin . U , R lFoyd , YE eGist , PJ ren W CD yprethoid nisectd laters , behavior rgowth, nad rpedation irsk SU eMthod 062 A nIductively ocupled ni alrve fo hte afthed imnow P(imephals nEviro ams , spectromy eRvison V , C ( iKm , Y uJng ,J hO, ,S hCoi K 2(08) qAuatic otxicy fo acrtp nad nig etmprau edpnc rC(I) xoidatn hte ycpermthin rent dif ilfe tsage fo aDphni amgn nad rOyo f a l k a l i a n d a l k a l i n e e a r C ( V I ) izas J nEviro cSi eHalth 34(1):56– nEviro cSi iQao oRw HK 2(01) iSmultaneos edtrminao ystemaic erviw fo rtials. J arvel T eMd 9:2–6 1 ine yprethoids nidor nisectd rpoducts acpilry eL nag W B 2(06) hCarcteis fo meison fo iar oplutans J hParm iBomed nAal 15:74– rfom iLn iLn ST, oHng LW 2(01) hCarcteizon tAmos nEviro 04(12):8–3 raomtic yhdrocabn meison hte aprticule hpase iLn S-, T hSen -FM 2(05) arce T ni omsquit ocil msoke. uBl rfom ubrnig nices iwth avrious taomic nEviro oCntam cSi toal T nEviro 14:35–2 iLu KW, nog W HM, uMi LY 1(987) xoic T tcs ef fo iLn iLn hCung -HY 2(015) hCarcteizon omsquit msoke .I fo hte omsquit raomtic yhdrocabn meison hte aprticule nad ocil nad tis msoke. hpase rfom msoldering omsquit ocils ocntaig avrious iLu , W hZang ,J aHshim HJ, ,J aHshim ,Z oGldstein DB cSien hTe oMsquit ocil meison nad ehalt miplcatons. 2():45–60 1 ,L iJang ,Z aHn ,Z hZang J 2(01) sUing hcar cMDaniel W 1(9) aSmple espartion rpocedu ofr psectrohmial abse ibolgca iAr 1 32- 7 8152) 7158). 830- 1 , 63 (): 17 - 24 02 : 157 - 8 02 (): 176 - 84

This is a preview of a remote PDF:

John Kasumba, Bryan Hettick, Amanda French, Jeffrey K. Wickliffe, Maureen Y. Lichtveld, William B. Hawkins, Alies van Sauers-Muller, David Klein. Analysis of Pesticides and Toxic Heavy Metals Contained in Mosquito Coils, Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 2016, 614-618, DOI: 10.1007/s00128-016-1938-9