Cardiac tamponade due to pyopneumopericardium from malignant bronchopericardial fistula

Netherlands Heart Journal, May 2017

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Cardiac tamponade due to pyopneumopericardium from malignant bronchopericardial fistula

Cardiac tamponade due to pyopneumopericardium from malignant bronchopericardial fistula T. M. Frisoli 0 1 2 3 T. Jain 0 1 2 3 T. Swadia 0 1 2 3 X. Hong 0 1 2 3 M. Guerrero 0 1 2 3 0 Department of Radiology, Henry Ford Hospital , Detroit, MI , USA 1 Department of Cardiology, Michigan Heart, St Joseph Mercy Health System , Livonia, MI , USA 2 Department of Cardiology, Henry Ford Hospital , Detroit, MI , USA 3 Department of Cardiology, Evanston Hospital, North Shore University Health System , Evanston, IL , USA been reported. The unique images and video presented are illustrative of this interesting disease entity. Conflict of interest T. M. Frisoli, T. Jain, T. Swadia, X. Hong and M. Guerrero declare that they have no competing interests. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. - A 71-year-old female with lung adenocarcinoma underwent surveillance PET/CT, which revealed new central necrotic cavitation of a preexisting left lower lobe mass, with communication between this air-filled cavity and the left mainstem bronchus, as well as pericardial effusion with large pneumopericardium, consistent with malignant bronchopericardial fistula (Fig. 1). Echocardiography and physical examination confirmed tamponade. Bronchoscopic debulking showed a necrotic tumour cavity. During pericardiocentesis, air in the pericardial space was conspicuous fluoroscopically (Video 1). Intra-pericardial pressure was 11 mm Hg, 1500 ml of seropurulent fluid was removed. Fluid cultures were positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Her rest dyspnoea improved and she was discharged to hospice care. Pneumopericardium is known to cause cardiac tamponade [1] in trauma patients or newborn infants requiring positive pressure ventilation. Fistulas such as between the oesophagus, stomach, or lung [2, 3] and pericardium have 1. Cummings RG , Wesly RL , Adams DH , Lowe JE . Pneumopericardium resulting in cardiac tamponade . Ann Thorac Surg . 1984 ; 37 : 511 - 8 . 2. George LD , David N , Omrani A , Davies R. Bronchogenic carcinoma presenting as a bronchopericardial fistula . Int J Clin Pract . 1999 ; 53 : 147 - 8 . 3. Harris RD , Kostiner AI . Pneumopericardium associated with bronchogenic carcinoma . Chest . 1975 ; 67 : 115 - 6 .

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Cardiac tamponade due to pyopneumopericardium from malignant bronchopericardial fistula, Netherlands Heart Journal, 2017, DOI: 10.1007/s12471-017-0961-8