Netherlands Heart Journal, Mar 2018

R. van der Nagel, V. F. van Dijk

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Criss-cross R. van der Nagel 0 V. F. van Dijk 0 0 St. Antonius Ziekenhuis , Nieuwegein , The Netherlands - Answer An intracardial electrogram (iEGM) reveals the origin of this peculiar atrial patterning. First note the regular rhythm of the ventricle (750 ms, 80 beats per minute (bpm)) (Fig. 1). Since the patient has a known history of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, and had an episode when we changed the parameters just before surgery, we opted to programme the device to the asynchronous mode VOO 80 during surgery. You can recognise the associated far-field R wave (FFRW) of the paced ventricular activation on the atrial iEGM channel as well. It is annotated as ‘ab’, as it is registered within the post-ventricular atrial blanking period. Because of the VOO mode, there is no absolute blanking and the sinus rhythm (680 ms, 88 bpm) is not affected by this anomaly. Dissociation between these two signals causes the pattern to rise. In normal settings (DDD 60-130), this phenomenon does not occur, as the FFRW is blanked by the device (Fig. 2). Note that both the intrinsic atrial rhythm (AS) and FFRW (Ab) are consonant with both signals found in the electrogram of the episode of atrial tachycardia/atrial fibrillation. Conflict of interest R. van der Nagel and V.F. van Dijk declare that they have no competing interests. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

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R. van der Nagel, V. F. van Dijk. Criss-cross, Netherlands Heart Journal, 2018, 283-284, DOI: 10.1007/s12471-018-1102-8