"Fragment eines demotischen Ehevertrages (P. dem. Berl. 15.592)", F. Hintze, "Archiv Orientální", nr 3-4 (1952) : [recenzja]
SURVEY OF THE PAPYRI CHIEFLY FROM 1952 TILL 1953.
P A P Y R I
P E R I O D
F. H i η t z e, Fragment eines demotischen Ehevertrages (P. dem.
Beri. 15.592), p. 100 — 110 (Archiv Orientalni, vol. nr 3—4,=
Diatribae Lexa, 1952).
Upon the evidence furnished by the date - formula this
marriage contract can be surely placed in the times of Ptolemaios VI.
The title of one of the parties is worth of notice: Pates = Demotic:
f j s c t , the letter-carrier. The official delivery of private
correspondence in the New Kingdom was as hardly possible as in the
Ptolemaic period. The Demotic letter-carrier corresponds to the
βυβλιαφόρος "document-carrier" of the Greek deeds. The β.υβλιαφόροι,
are concerned with the delivery on foot the less official mail within
the boundaries of a district unlike the royal courier-mail introduced
probably by the Persians (cf. P r e i s i g k e , Die ptolemäische
Staatspost, Klio 7  241 —277, especially 2 7 2 — 2 7 7 ; W i l
с к e η, Grundzüge, 372 ff; further the commentary to the Pap.
Hal. 7; cf. my Law II, 88 ff); they were organized into
districtgroups e. g. in Oxyrynchites were appointed 44 βυβλιαφόροι. As
regards the duty and the organization of the "document-carriers"
we have wery little information; in our case this work is
performed by an Egyptian. As to the contract itself there is little to
comment because very few passages that remained of its contents
furnish no new information in comparison to the known
marriagecontracts. In our papyrus are missing: the list of dowry, the
paragraphs concerning its security and further the signature of the
notary as well as the list of witnesses.