"La γηροϰομία dans le droit des papyrus", R. Taubenschlag, "RIDA", 3 sér., III, 1956 : [recenzja]

The Journal of Juristic Papyrology, Apr 2018

Rafał Taubenschlag, Rafał Taubenschlag (aut. dzieła rec.)

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"La γηροϰομία dans le droit des papyrus", R. Taubenschlag, "RIDA", 3 sér., III, 1956 : [recenzja]

- sation-pledge, established by agreement (with rare exceptions) neither a forfeiture pledge. Accordingly to its cautionary character it lets untouched the liabilities of the debtor resulting from the uHltu and even the liability of the sureties, as accessory liabilities. In this way the Babylonian and Assyrian laws in their last epoch developed, in contrast with the old cuneiform law, into a quite modern institution. It is noteworthy because the ancient Greek and Greco-Egyptian hypothec was considered as a forfeiture pledge or as a compensative pledge not accompanied by the personal resposibility of the debtor. It is not possible to establish when the development toward the cautionary pledge was accomplished. Treating of the antichresis (p. 117) the author takes the papyri Lond. Π Ι 1168 and Dura 10 into account. This article deals with the question of the relationship between the neighbours concerning the property of the boundary-wall. Generally, the boundary-wall was subject to joint-property of the neighbours, but in the Byzantine period this wall could be owned exclusively b y one of them. In other cases the servitus oneris ferendi on the neighbouring lot could be constituted. OBLIGATIONS H. J. W o l f f , Die Grundlagen des griechischen Vertragsrechts (ZSS 74 [1957] 26—72). This excellent monograph, although dedicated to the ancient Greek law, will also be of great interest for the papyrologists, all the more that it uses not only the papyri but also discusses many questions and aspects of this field (πραξις καθάπερ έκ δίκης p. 36; μίσθωσις p. 39; δίκη καρποϋ ρ. 43; όμολογεΐν ρ. 53 ff.; δίκη βλάβης ρ. 67 ff.). R. T a u b e n s c h l a g , La γηροκομία dans le droit des papyrus (RIDA 3 sér. III [1956] 173—179). The law of the papyri as well as other laws of Antiquity knows the γηροβοσκία or γηροτροφία or γηροκομία, being the obligatory SURVEY OF LITERATURE care of old people. The author analyzes this obligation in the above mentioned study. H. J. W o l f f , Zur Romanisierung des Vertragsrechts der Papyri The second volume of this fundamental work contains, as the first one (cf. my review JJP V [1951] 248) much interesting information for papyrologists. Remarkable are: § 3 on multiplicity and uniformity of the vulgar law: hellenistic popular law; § 6 — characteristic features of the vulgar law of obligations and the chapters in which the author makes use of papyrological literature and sources. These are: the chapter on the contracts, esp. on the stipulatory clause (pactum nudum, p. 41118), on the decline of the representation (p. 6522e), and the principle alteri stipulari non potest (p. 863le); on the surety (p. 198212); on the revocation of a gift because of ingratitude (p. 245448); on the transformations of the stipulation in Eastern doctrine and practice (p. 138^); on the responsibility for legal defects (p. 220); on the depositum irreguläre (p. 17183) and on the sale-guarantor (p. 222). In this excellent dissertation the author shows that the tables of Herculanum give certain examples of account-documents taken from the codices accepti et expensi, in which occasionally are mentioned some principal elements of transactions concerning the conveyance of res mancipi.

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Rafał Taubenschlag, Rafał Taubenschlag (aut. dzieła rec.). "La γηροϰομία dans le droit des papyrus", R. Taubenschlag, "RIDA", 3 sér., III, 1956 : [recenzja], The Journal of Juristic Papyrology, 320-321,