"Caracalla et les troubles d'Alexandrie en 215 après J. С.", P. Benoît, J. Schwartz, "Etudes de Papyrologie", T. VII : [recenzja]

The Journal of Juristic Papyrology, Dec 1950

Rafał Taubenschlag, P. Benoit (aut. dzieła rec.), Jacques Schwartz (aut. dzieła rec.)

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"Caracalla et les troubles d'Alexandrie en 215 après J. С.", P. Benoît, J. Schwartz, "Etudes de Papyrologie", T. VII : [recenzja]

- JOURNAL OF PAPYROLOGY repayable if the bid was not accepted. The repayment of this direct by the actual purchaser would save trouble at the bank. P A P Y R I F R O M T H E R O M A N P E R I O D J. SCHWARTZ, Bull, de Vlnst. franç. de VArchéologie Orientale t. X L V I I p. 196 (Appendix). Pap. A (89/90 A.D.) contains an oath sworn by the Τύχη. It is the most ancient instance amongst the known ones. It gives us an oath of guarantee and the same part of the papyrus contains an άντίγραφον έγγυήσεως as announced in v. 6. The people who have to swear the oath are [οι] προκεχ[ε]ρισμένοι ύπο των της κώμης... σιτολόγων προς καταγωγήν κτλ. The object of the sworn obligation, was nothing else than the delivery of wheat to Neapolis. Pap. R (first half of the III cent. A.D.) is a receipt for a delivery of wheat. It is not necessary to insist on the well known wording of this receipt for wheat that was to be transported to Alexandria (cf. Oxy. 1259 and 1225). The bouleutes to whom the receipt is to be delivered is probably an inhabitant of Oxyrhynclius. He seems to' assume the functions of a sitologus. P. RENOÎT, 0 . P. et J. SCHWARTZ, Caracalla et les troubles d'Alexandrie en 215 après J. С. (Extr. des Etudes de Papyrologie t. VII). The papyrus contains fragments from the minutes of a public session presided by 'Antoninus Sebastos'. Three persons appear speaking : Antoninus Sebastos, Herakleitos and Haraxos. Two other persons are mentioned as having spoken : Italikos and one liekatontarch whose name is not given. One Herakleites prefect of Egypt, and one Italikos, acting high priest, both 215 A.D. are known personages. The presiding Emperor is Caracalla, who came to Egypt in the same year 215 A.D. (Dio Cass. 77, 22). The mention of Alexandria (Dio Cass. II 10) and of Canope (Dio Cass. I 7) allow us to determine the place of the session. The visit of Caracalla has won celebrity, owing to a very serious incident, about whose repercussions the papyrus gives us new details. The financial difficulties of the Empire and the decrees of the Emperor depreciating at the same time golden and silvern currency seem to have provoke a riot among the contractors bound to deliver statues. They saw that their statues were not to be payed for at all and at least they would be payed for in a depreciated currency. Some of these statues have been already erected at Canope, other ones were still in the workshops. The statues in question were undoubtedly ordered by Caracalla to be erected in honour of Alexander the Great. We must assume that the statues suffered damage during the unrests. Looting of temples is also mentioned (ιεροσυλία) as well as arson and flight of slaves. Herakleitos seems to have been responsible for the statues, if not for the choice and control of the contractors, and Caracalla proceeds to impute him his negligence. JEAN BINGEN, Documents provenant des Archives tf' Hêroneinos (Chronique d'Egypte No. 49 (1950) pp. 87—101). The five documents published by J. B i n g e n come from the s. c. archives of the φροντιστής Heroninos found at Theadelphia. No. 1 (255 A.D.) is a letter of Apianos to Heroninos his manager in Theadelphia. He orders him to carry with oxen to the villlage trunks of trees belonging to his brother Apollonius. The meaning of the terms in (v. 12) δια Άσκληπιάδου is not clear ; we dont know whether they refer to a plenipotentiary or simply to an έπιστολοφόρος. In the letter No. 2 (265 A.D.) is the editor inclined to assume the proof of the existence of private police on the large estates already in this period. No. 3 (265 A.D.) is an account of the μισθωτής Suchammon. This account, best illustrated by Flor. 16, No. 4 (259 A.D.), is an order sent to the έπικτηνίτης (frumentarius) Hermias to deliver the daily ration of two choinices of barley to an unnamed person (cf. on mandate my Law I 297/8). No. 5 (259 A.D.) contains an account of the expenses during a journey to Alexandria (?). H E R B E R T C. YOUTIE , Papyrus de Bruxelles Ε 7641 ( Chronique d' Egypte No. 49 ( 1950 ) pp. 102 - 109 ). Y o u tie thinks that the papyrus is not a declaration of property but a κατ' οΐκίαν απογραφή. The declaration of property and κατ' οΐκίαν άπογραφαί are two different things although their formulae are nearly identic . H E R B E R T C . YOUTIE, The Kline of Sarapis (The Harvard Theological Review 41 ( 1948 ) 9 - 29 ). The author examines an inedited papyrus , Mich. Inv . 4186 ( III cent. A.D.) and remarks that the word κλίνη in this papyrus does not necessarily mean a banquet. It means also an association whose meetings take form of a banquet.

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Rafał Taubenschlag, P. Benoit (aut. dzieła rec.), Jacques Schwartz (aut. dzieła rec.). "Caracalla et les troubles d'Alexandrie en 215 après J. С.", P. Benoît, J. Schwartz, "Etudes de Papyrologie", T. VII : [recenzja], The Journal of Juristic Papyrology, 1950, 384-385,