"Caracalla et les troubles d'Alexandrie en 215 après J. С.", P. Benoît, J. Schwartz, "Etudes de Papyrologie", T. VII : [recenzja]
JOURNAL OF PAPYROLOGY
repayable if the bid was not accepted. The repayment of this
direct by the actual purchaser would save trouble at the bank.
P A P Y R I F R O M T H E R O M A N
P E R I O D
J. SCHWARTZ, Bull, de Vlnst. franç. de VArchéologie Orientale
t. X L V I I p. 196 (Appendix).
Pap. A (89/90 A.D.) contains an oath sworn by the Τύχη. It is
the most ancient instance amongst the known ones. It gives us
an oath of guarantee and the same part of the papyrus contains
an άντίγραφον έγγυήσεως as announced in v. 6. The people who
have to swear the oath are [οι] προκεχ[ε]ρισμένοι ύπο των της κώμης...
σιτολόγων προς καταγωγήν κτλ. The object of the sworn obligation,
was nothing else than the delivery of wheat to Neapolis. Pap. R
(first half of the III cent. A.D.) is a receipt for a delivery of wheat.
It is not necessary to insist on the well known wording of this
receipt for wheat that was to be transported to Alexandria (cf.
Oxy. 1259 and 1225). The bouleutes to whom the receipt is to be
delivered is probably an inhabitant of Oxyrhynclius. He seems to'
assume the functions of a sitologus.
P. RENOÎT, 0 . P. et J. SCHWARTZ, Caracalla et les troubles
d'Alexandrie en 215 après J. С. (Extr. des Etudes de Papyrologie
The papyrus contains fragments from the minutes of a public
session presided by 'Antoninus Sebastos'. Three persons appear
speaking : Antoninus Sebastos, Herakleitos and Haraxos. Two other
persons are mentioned as having spoken : Italikos and one
liekatontarch whose name is not given. One Herakleites prefect of Egypt,
and one Italikos, acting high priest, both 215 A.D. are known
personages. The presiding Emperor is Caracalla, who came to Egypt
in the same year 215 A.D. (Dio Cass. 77, 22). The mention of
Alexandria (Dio Cass. II 10) and of Canope (Dio Cass. I 7) allow us to
determine the place of the session. The visit of Caracalla has won
celebrity, owing to a very serious incident, about whose
repercussions the papyrus gives us new details.
The financial difficulties of the Empire and the decrees of the
Emperor depreciating at the same time golden and silvern
currency seem to have provoke a riot among the contractors bound
to deliver statues. They saw that their statues were not to be payed
for at all and at least they would be payed for in a depreciated
currency. Some of these statues have been already erected at
Canope, other ones were still in the workshops. The statues in
question were undoubtedly ordered by Caracalla to be erected in
honour of Alexander the Great. We must assume that the statues
suffered damage during the unrests. Looting of temples is also
mentioned (ιεροσυλία) as well as arson and flight of slaves.
Herakleitos seems to have been responsible for the statues, if not
for the choice and control of the contractors, and Caracalla
proceeds to impute him his negligence.
JEAN BINGEN, Documents provenant des Archives tf' Hêroneinos
(Chronique d'Egypte No. 49 (1950) pp. 87—101).
The five documents published by J. B i n g e n come from the
s. c. archives of the φροντιστής Heroninos found at Theadelphia.
No. 1 (255 A.D.) is a letter of Apianos to Heroninos his manager
in Theadelphia. He orders him to carry with oxen to the villlage
trunks of trees belonging to his brother Apollonius. The meaning
of the terms in (v. 12) δια Άσκληπιάδου is not clear ; we dont know
whether they refer to a plenipotentiary or simply to an
έπιστολοφόρος. In the letter No. 2 (265 A.D.) is the editor inclined to assume
the proof of the existence of private police on the large estates
already in this period. No. 3 (265 A.D.) is an account of the
μισθωτής Suchammon. This account, best illustrated by Flor. 16,
No. 4 (259 A.D.), is an order sent to the έπικτηνίτης (frumentarius)
Hermias to deliver the daily ration of two choinices of barley to an
unnamed person (cf. on mandate my Law I 297/8). No. 5 (259
A.D.) contains an account of the expenses during a journey to
H E R B E R T C. YOUTIE , Papyrus de Bruxelles Ε 7641 ( Chronique d' Egypte No. 49 ( 1950 ) pp. 102 - 109 ). Y o u tie thinks that the papyrus is not a declaration of property but a κατ' οΐκίαν απογραφή. The declaration of property and κατ' οΐκίαν άπογραφαί are two different things although their formulae are nearly identic .
H E R B E R T C . YOUTIE, The Kline of Sarapis (The Harvard Theological Review 41 ( 1948 ) 9 - 29 ). The author examines an inedited papyrus , Mich. Inv . 4186 ( III cent. A.D.) and remarks that the word κλίνη in this papyrus does not necessarily mean a banquet. It means also an association whose meetings take form of a banquet.