"The Legal Papyrus from 'Auja el-Hafir", J. Rabinowitz, "The Israel Exploration Society", vol. XVII, 1953, 3-4 : [recenzja]
The t e x t of the Solonie laws is not yet authenticated b y means
of a direct transcription f r o m t h e Greek original, b u t it is reprinted
verbatim f r o m t h e copy of a work used b y Gaius in which because
of t h e manuscript tradition the Greek t e x t seriously departed f r o m
t h e original. The author of the work used b y Gaius had before his
eyes a Hellenistic t e x t of t h e Solonie laws, which (without t h e p a r t s
of t h e laws not connected with the discussed matter) was suitable
for t h e explanation of the actio finium regundorum. This should
be proved by an extensive analysis of t h e P a p . Halensis.
J . R a b i n o v i t z , The Legal Papyrus from 'Auja el-Hafir (reprint
f r o m the Israel Exploration Society, vol. X V I I , 3—4, 1953).
This papyrus published b y M. S c h w a b e , does not represent
a manumission-document b u t one releasing a boy who h a d been
delivered b y his f a t h e r as a pledge of a loan. The essential formula
in the document under discussion is contained in 1.8, in which t h e
b o y is granted " a u t h o r i t y over himself". This formula contains
legal Aramaism. The occurence of an Aramaic legal t e r m in t h e
formula which seems to be Greek in origin is striking. However
as had already been noted b y К о s с h а к е г, the Greek formula
closely resembles one found in a Babylonian document f r o m the
times of t h e f i r s t dynasty. A formula in all respects similar to t h a t
of t h e Babylonian document occurs in Mishna, Gittin I X , 9.
The " f r e e d o m of m o v e m e n t " granted to t h e boy, a feature which
is common to this document and to m a n y of the Delphic
inscriptions also has close parallels in ancient Semitic sources. The legal
terminology of release f r o m t h e marital tie is similar to t h a t of
release f r o m paramone. I t m a y well be t h a t t h e origin of t h e legal
institutions of paramone is to be sought in Babylonia. The
expression " t o stand before someone" used in the Babylonian
documents, occurs a n u m b e r of times in t h e Bible in t h e sense of serving,
"waiting u p o n " , and is strongly reminiscent of t h e Greek παραμενειν,
t h e p r i m a r y meaning of which is " s t a y beside" or "near, s t a n d b y " .
O B L I G A T I O N S
J . Ρ i r e η η e, Les contrats de vente de soi-même en Egypte à Vêpoque saïte (Académie royale de Belgique , Bull, de la Classe des Lettres et des Sciences Morales et Politiques , 5e série, tome X X X I Y , 1948 ).