"Deditizier, Doppelbürgerschaft und Personalitäts-Prinzip", E. Schönbauer, "Journ. Jur. Pap.", VI : [recenzja]
F r. v. S c h w i n d , Zur griechisch-ägyptischen Verschmelzung unter
den Ptolomäern (Studi in onore di Y. Arangio-Ruiz II, 435-451).
Soter, the founder of the dynasty, as a Macedonian military
king leant exclusively on his Greco-Macedonian supporters in the
army. Only in religious matters he respected the feelings of his
Egyptian subjects. Philadelphos by his lucrative though fatal in
the end economic system made national equality for ever
impossible. After the prosperity of the outside power under Euergetes I,
Philopator had partially at least introduced the equality of
military rights, causing thus quite unintentionally a long series of
revolts, which broke persistently during the reign of Epiphanes
and Philometor. Weak attempts of Euergetes II to counteract
revolutionary movements and to create a uniform State by leaning
upon both groups of the population proved unsuccesful due to the
economic system, the weakness of the kings and because the times
were then unfavourable to his designs. This evolution reaches its
climax and tragic end during the regency of Cleopatra, the last
queen of the dynasty of Lagides.
A D M I N I S T R A T I V E
L A W
H e n r i H e n n e , De Vantisymbolon à Vantapocha? (Studi in onore
di Y. Arangio-Ruiz I Y , 127).
The antapochon of the papyri of the Ryzantine epoch is virtually
used on every occasion for deliveries of fiscal character. The
antapochon appears as the declaration of delivery made by the debtor
who is responsible for it (or his proxy) and remitted to the
receiving party προς άσφάλειαν, then for the security of this party.
The antisymbolon is a different matter. Probably there is the
question of a duplicate but of somewhat special nature; it is in fact
the duplicate of control. In the Ptolemaic epoch the antisymbolon
was returned e. g. to the επί των προσόδων whilst the accountant
kept the symbolon. In the Roman epoch the antisymbolon was
returned to the true payer of the customs-duties whilst the
symbolon remained in the hands of the carrier who worked for him.
Nevertheless these suggestions are tentatively only set down.
E. S с h ö η b a u e r, Deditizier, Doppelbürgerschaft und Personalitäts-Prinzip (Journ . Jur. Pap. VI, 17 - 72 ).