Plant-borne compounds and nanoparticles: challenges for medicine, parasitology and entomology

Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Apr 2018

Giovanni Benelli

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Plant-borne compounds and nanoparticles: challenges for medicine, parasitology and entomology

Environ Sci Pollut Res Plant-borne compounds and nanoparticles: challenges for medicine, parasitology and entomology Giovanni Benelli 0 1 0 The BioRobotics Institute, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna , Viale Rinaldo Piaggio 34, 56025 Pontedera, Pisa , Italy 1 Department of Agriculture , Food and Environment , University of Pisa , Via del Borghetto 80, 56124 Pisa , Italy 2 Giovanni Benelli - The effective and eco-friendly control of pathogens and parasites is a major challenge for parasitologists and entomologists worldwide. The fast-growing development of resistance to drugs and pesticides currently used highlighted the urgent need of developing newer and safer control tools. Herbal preparations represent a huge source of bioactive principles showing high efficacy against many pathogens, parasites and pests, as elucidated by the recent Nobel Prize to the Chinese scientist Y. Tu for the discovery of the antimalarial drug artemisinin. Therefore, the extensive screening of the bioactivity of herbal preparations is often helpful to develop botanical-based pesticides and drugs. Furthermore, nanosized materials possess stunning physical and chemical properties, with special reference to their optical and catalytic ones. Therefore, they play a promising role in the development of novel and effective drugs and pesticides. However, the synthesis of nanosized materials is traditionally carried out with chemical and physical methods that need the employ of highly toxic chemicals or high-energy inputs. To lower the environmental impact of these processes, many researchers recently focused on the so-called green nanosynthesis, where microbial, plant-borne or fungal compounds can Responsible editor: Philippe Garrigues be used as reducing and capping agents during the fabrication of nanoparticles with multipurpose effectiveness. These synthesis routes are cheap, one-pot and often lead to the production of nanomaterials with controlled size and shape, two features that are extremely important routing the nanoparticles’ bioactivity. Despite the promising potential of plant-borne pesticides and drugs, as well as green-synthesized nanomaterials, their applications in the Breal world^ are still limited and further research is urgently needed. In this framework, Environmental Science and Pollution Research (ESPR) has featured a collection of innovative papers highlighting emerging environmental trends in BPlant-borne compounds and nanoparticles: challenges for medicine, parasitology and entomology^ (GREEN-NANOPEST&DRUGS). This Special Issue included both original research and review articles on the prevention and control of arthropod pests and arthropod-borne diseases with ecofriendly materials, including nanoscale ones. The effective management of microbial pathogens is also covered. Major emphasis has been devoted to the impact of botanical pesticides on non-target organisms and the environment, their sub-lethal effects, including genotoxicity and behavioural modifications, the toxicity of green-synthesized nanopesticides on non-target organisms and the environment, Institute , Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies. His research focuses on general and applied entomology, ecotoxicology and biological control, with a major focus on the ecofriendly control of arthropod vectors of medical and veterinary importance. Giovanni serves as academic editor and editorial board member for many international journals. He has published more than 300 papers in international journals with impact factor. Currently, he cooperates with more than 80 researchers worldwide on various research projects, including FP7 Collective Cognitive Robots, H2020 subCULTron and Taiwan National Nano Project , MOST- 105 -2119 -M- 008- 006 . Dr. Benelli received several prizes from national and international organizations, including the International Organisation for Biological Control, Accademia dei Georgofili and the Italian National Academy of Entomology.

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Giovanni Benelli. Plant-borne compounds and nanoparticles: challenges for medicine, parasitology and entomology, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2018, DOI: 10.1007/s11356-017-9960-y