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A new approach for orientation-controlled growth of CNTs: an in-depth analysis on the role of oxygen plasma treatment to catalyst

In this paper, a novel and easy technique is proposed for orientation controlled growth of MWNTs. The results indicate that when CNT growth was carried over the substrate, not treated with plasma, horizontal network of MWNTs was formed. Plasma treatment to the substrate prior to CNTs growth led to formation of vertically aligned MWNTs. An in situ growth as a function of plasma ...

Common and distinct regulation of human and mouse brown and beige adipose tissues: a promising therapeutic target for obesity

Obesity, which underlies various metabolic and cardiovascular diseases, is a growing public health challenge for which established therapies are inadequate. Given the current obesity epidemic, there is a pressing need for more novel therapeutic strategies that will help adult individuals to manage their weight. One promising therapeutic intervention for reducing obesity is to ...

Virtual electricity retailer for residents under single electricity pricing environment

Various residential electricity pricing strategies provide diverse methods for calculating consumption costs. Due to the existence of electricity company monopolies and single residential electricity pricing systems, residents of certain areas have no option but to accept the electricity pricing offered to them. Based on local residential electricity pricing strategies, a virtual ...

An integrated shear-wave velocity model for the Groningen gas field, The Netherlands

A regional shear-wave velocity (VS) model has been developed for the Groningen gas field in the Netherlands as the basis for seismic microzonation of an area of more than 1000 km2. The VS model, extending to a depth of almost 1 km, is an essential input to the modelling of hazard and risk due to induced earthquakes in the region. The detailed VS profiles are constructed from a ...

Comparison of amine-impregnated mesoporous carbon with microporous activated carbon and 13X zeolite for biogas purification

Three materials are directly compared for their potential for biogas purification: 13X zeolite, microporous activated carbon and mesoporous activated carbon impregnated with polyethyleneimine. The amine-impregnated material shows the highest selectivity for CO2 over CH4 but this should be balanced by the higher operating temperature required. All three materials could be used for ...

Influence of the Cooling Rate on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties in 5% Cr Martensitic Steel

Hot work tool steels are widely used as thermal and mechanical highly stressed tools, amongst others for pressure die casting. Advanced die-casting processes require further increase regarding the size of the molds, the complexity of the geometries, and the tool life of the dies, resulting in a multifaceted stress profile for the used tool steel. Thus, an optimum combination of ...

Co-channel interference management using eICIC/FeICIC with coordinated scheduling for the coexistence of PS-LTE and LTE-R networks

In the Republic of Korea, a Long Term Evolution (LTE)-based public safety (PS)-LTE network is being built using 718~728 MHz for uplink and 773~783 MHz for downlink. However, the same bands are also assigned to the LTE-based high-speed railway (LTE-R) network, so great concerns and practical researches on co-channel interference (CCI) management schemes are urgently required. In ...

Anterolateral Ligament Expert Group consensus paper on the management of internal rotation and instability of the anterior cruciate ligament - deficient knee

Purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the latest research on the anterolateral ligament (ALL) and present the consensus of the ALL Expert Group on the anatomy, radiographic landmarks, biomechanics, clinical and radiographic diagnosis, lesion classification, surgical technique and clinical outcomes. A consensus on controversial subjects surrounding the ALL and ...