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23rd International Colloquium on Animal Cytogenetics and Genomics (23 ICACG) June 9–12, 2018, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

In memory of Ingemar Gustavsson 23rd International Colloquium on Animal Cytogenetics and Genomics (23 ICACG) took place in June 9–12, 2018 in Saint-Petersburg, Russia. Organized biennially, the Colloquium runs from 1970. From its very start this meeting is associated with the name of Ingemar Gustavsson to whom we dedicated the Colloquium 2018. The long and productive career of...

Paraplangia sinespeculo, a new genus and species of bush-cricket, with notes on its biology and a key to the genera of Phaneropterinae (Orthoptera: Tettigonioidea) from Madagascar

Madagascar is a well-known hotspot of biodiversity. However, many Orthoptera, and especially the Tettigonioidea, belong to little-studied groups. Here we describe a new genus and species of bush-cricket reared from field-collected eggs. Paraplangia sinespeculo gen. nov., sp. nov. belongs to Phaneropterinae and shares diagnostic characteristics with members of the tribe...

Morphological and molecular identification of two new Ganoderma species on Casuarina equisetifolia from China

Ganoderma is a cosmopolitan white rot fungal genus, famous for its medicinal properties. In the present study, two new Ganoderma species were collected from south-eastern China and described on the basis of morphological characters and phylogenetic analyses of sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region, the translation elongation factor 1-α gene (EF1-α) and the...

Labiobaetis from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Insecta, Ephemeroptera, Baetidae)

Mayfly larvae and imagos were collected at approximately 50 localities of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSU). Included in this material, three species of Labiobaetis Novikova & Kluge, 1987 are recorded, two of them being new to science. Labiobaetis potamoticus Gattolliat & Al Dhafer, sp. n. is described from both larvae and adults, whereas Labiobaetis alahmadii Gattolliat & Al...

Inter-institutional Training of Biodiversity Informatics Specialists

This presentation will outline the untapped potential of Information and Library Science (ILS) programs as an integral space for the long-term training and support of biodiversity informatics work. It will also outline the specific proposed steps taken at Indiana University, Bloomington (IU), to provide long-term, systematized training of students focused on information work...

New records of a critically endangered shrew from Mexican cloud forests (Soricidae, Cryptotis nelsoni) and prospects for future field research

The Nelson´s small-eared shrew, Cryptotis nelsoni (Merriam, 1895), is a critically endangered species, endemic to cloud forests in Los Tuxtlas, a mountain range along the Gulf of Mexico coast. This species is only known from the type locality and its surroundings. Here we present new records that extend its distribution approximately 7 km southeast of the type locality and report...

Zu Verbreitung und Morphologie einiger Onthophagus-Arten der Schweiz (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae)

On distribution and morphology of some Onthophagus species in Switzerland (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). – On the basis of 1097 specimens from 12 collections, the distribution of ten dung beetle species of the genus Onthophagus (Scarabaeidae) in Switzerland is compiled and shown in distribution maps: O. taurus-group: O. illyricus, O. taurus; O. fracticornis-group: O. fracticornis, O...

Ontogeny of Hemidactylus (Gekkota, Squamata) with emphasis on the limbs

Squamate reptiles constitute a major component of the world’s terrestrial vertebrate diversity, encompassing many morphotypes related to ecological specialization. Specifically, Gekkota, the sister clade to most other squamates, have highly specialized autopodia, which have been linked to their ecological plasticity. In this study, a developmental staging table of the gecko...

Monitoring data of marine turtles on the Togolese coast during 2012–2013

This dataset contains information on the presence and distribution of sea turtles in Togo. Observations were carried out through a network of ten ecoguards (local guides), facilitated by five fishermen, and coordinated by a field technician, all under the supervision of a scientific coordinator. Data on the occurrence or direct observation of sea turtles on the Togolese coast...

Updated checklist of the extant Chondrichthyes within the Exclusive Economic Zone of Mexico

The checklist presented in this study includes the latest taxonomic and systematic modifications and updates (early 2018) for the Chondrichthyes that inhabit the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of Mexico. The list is based on a literature review of field-specific books, scientific publications and database information from collections and museums worldwide available online such as...

Stability Analysis of Delayed Immune Response BCG Infection in Bladder Cancer Treatment Model by Stochastic Perturbations

We present a revised mathematical model of the immune response to Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) treatment of bladder cancer, optimized according to biological and clinical data accumulated during the last decade. The improved model accounts for cytotoxic T lymphocyte differentiation as an integral element of the delayed immune response, as well as the logistic growth terms for...

Rediscovery of the endemic gastropod Dianella schlickumi (Gastropoda, Hydrobiidae) and its discrimination from Dianella thiesseana: environmental correlates and implications for their conservation

The aquatic snail genus Dianella (Gastropoda: Hydrobiidae) has only two representatives in Greece: Dianella schlickumi Schütt, 1962 and Dianella thiesseana (Kobelt, 1878). D. schlickumi, a narrow endemic species to Lake Amvrakia (in Aitoloakarnania, western-central Greece), is considered as Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct, sensu IUCN 2017). Our study confirmed its...

Analysis of changes in pharmacotherapy of stable angina over the five-year period at specialized out-patient level of medical care (pharmacoepidemiological study)

Introduction: Ischemic heart disease (IHD) remains the leading cause of death both in Europe and in Russia. The most common form of IHD is stable angina. There is compelling evidence that strict adherence to clinical guidelines greatly contributes to mortality reduction. However, the gap between modern knowledge and use of guideline-recommended medications remains significant. As...

A new species of spider (Araneae, Linyphiidae, Islandiana) from a southern Indiana cave

The genus Islandiana (Araneae, Linyphiidae) was erected by Braendegaard in 1932 and is comprised of 14 species, most of which are native to North America. Herein we add a 15th species, Islandiana lewisi sp. n., from southern Indiana, USA. This species resembles both I. flavoides Ivie, 1965 and I. cavealis Ivie, 1965, the latter of which is geographically-close.

New molecular sequences for two genera of marine planarians facilitate determination of their position in the phylogenetic tree, with new records for two species (Platyhelminthes, Tricladida, Maricola)

For the first time, molecular sequences of the 18S ribosomal DNA were generated for representatives of the genera Obrimoposthia Sluys & Ball, 1989 and Paucumara Sluys, 1989 of the suborder of the marine triclads, or Maricola, by analyzing the species Obrimoposthia wandeli (Hallez, 1906) and Paucumara trigonocephala (Ijima & Kaburaki, 1916). On the basis of this molecular data the...

Revision of Zosteragathis Sharkey of Thailand (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Agathidinae, Agathidini)

Based on cladistic analyses recently conducted by Sharkey and Chapman, the genus Zosteragathis Sharkey is revised. Twenty-two species are reported from Thailand, three previously described species, Z. samensis, Z. contrasta and Z. nuichuaensis, and 19 new species, i.e., Z. chaiyaphumensis, Z. eukos, Z. hinensis, Z. hongensis, Z. inthanonensis, Z. krachanensis, Z. lampangensis, Z...

Association of Self-Reported Dietary and Drug Compliance with Optimal Metabolic Control in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: Clinic-Based Single-Center Study in a Developing Country

Introduction. Influence of dietary and drug compliance of patients with diabetes on attainment of optimal metabolic (glucose and lipid) control remains underexplored in developing countries. Materials and methods. Self-reported dietary and drug compliance score of 0–10, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels were obtained from patients with...

Mapping Control of Erosion Rates: Comparing Model and Monitoring Data for Croplands in Northern Germany

Control of erosion rates (CER) is a key ecosystem service for soil protection. It is mandatory for sustaining the capacity, especially of agroecosystems, to provide ecosystem services. By applying an established framework to assess soil regulating services, this study compares two approaches to assess CER provision for 466 ha of cropland in Lower Saxony (Central Northern Germany...

Gender bias when assessing recommended ecology articles

Gender bias is still unfortunately rife in the sciences, and men co-author most articles (> 70%) in ecology. Whether ecologists subconsciously rate the quality of their peers’ work more favourably when they are the same gender (homophily) is still unclear. To test this hypothesis, we examined how ecologist editors ranked important ecology articles based on a previously compiled...

Barriers Against Adoption of Electronic Health Record in Italy

This work aims to expose the barriers which work against the satisfactory adoption and utilization of Electronic Health Records (EHRs) in Italy. Experts from six operating areas were involved where barriers associated with practical daily use of EHRs might arise. Experts disclosed different barriers in their operating areas: the low interoperability of healthcare system...

Task-based assessment of visualization tools for the comparison of biological taxonomies

Maintenance and curation of large-sized biological taxonomies are complex and laborious activities. Information visualization systems use interactive visual interfaces to facilitate analytical reasoning on complex information. Several approaches such as treemaps, indented lists, cone trees, radial trees, and many others have been used to visualize and analyze a single taxonomy...

Five new species of Drosophila guarani group from the Andes of southern Ecuador (Diptera, Drosophilidae)

Five species of the genus Drosophila are described and illustrated: D. zamorana sp. n., D. quinarensis sp. n., D. sachapuyu sp. n., D. caxarumi sp. n., and D. misi sp. n. from the cloud forests of the Podocarpus National Park, in the southern Ecuadorian Andes. Flies were captured using plastic bottles containing pieces of fermented banana with yeast. All the species were found to...

The effects of livestock grazing and climate variation on vegetation and grasshopper communities in the northern Chihuahuan Desert

Grasshoppers are important herbivores of North American semi-arid grasslands and shrublands, and vegetation and climate are key factors controlling their species compositions and population dynamics. Domestic livestock grazing is a historic and a current landscape-scale ecological perturbation that has caused reductions of perennial grasses and increases in woody shrubs and weedy...

A Preconcentration Procedure Using 1-(2-Pyridylazo)-2-napthol Anchored to Silica Nanoparticle for the Analysis of Cadmium in Different Samples

A new analytical method using 1-(2-pyridylazo)-2-naphthol modified SiO2 nanoparticles as solid-phase extractant has been developed for the preconcentration of trace amounts of Cd(II) in different water samples. Conditions of the analysis such as preconcentration factor, effect of pH, sample volume, shaking time, elution conditions and effects of interfering ions for the recovery...