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Comprehensive analysis of small RNAs expressed in developing male strobili of Cryptomeria japonica

Deep sequencing of small RNAs (sRNAs) in developing male strobili of second-generation offspring originating from a nuclear genic male sterile tree of Cryptomeria japonica were performed to characterize sRNA populations in the male strobili at early pollen developmental stages. Comparing to sequences of microRNA (miRNA) families of plant species and sRNAs expressed in the ...

Gut microbiomes and their metabolites shape human and animal health

The host genetic background, complex surrounding environments, and gut microbiome are very closely linked to human and animal health and disease. Although significant correlations between gut microbiota and human and animal health have been revealed, the specific roles of each gut bacterium in shaping human and animal health and disease remain unclear. However, recent omics-based ...

A model for estimating pathogen variability in shellfish and predicting minimum depuration times

Norovirus is a major cause of viral gastroenteritis, with shellfish consumption being identified as one potential norovirus entry point into the human population. Minimising shellfish norovirus levels is therefore important for both the consumer’s protection and the shellfish industry’s reputation. One method used to reduce microbiological risks in shellfish is depuration; however, ...

Spin- and Valley-Dependent Electronic Structure in Silicene Under Periodic Potentials

We study the spin- and valley-dependent energy band and transport property of silicene under a periodic potential, where both spin and valley degeneracies are lifted. It is found that the Dirac point, miniband, band gap, anisotropic velocity, and conductance strongly depend on the spin and valley indices. The extra Dirac points appear as the voltage potential increases, the ...

Copula–entropy theory for multivariate stochastic modeling in water engineering

The copula–entropy theory combines the entropy theory and the copula theory. The entropy theory has been extensively applied to derive the most probable univariate distribution subject to specified constraints by applying the principle of maximum entropy. With the flexibility to model nonlinear dependence structure, parametric copulas (e.g., Archimedean, extreme value, ...

Pollution indices as useful tools for the comprehensive evaluation of the degree of soil contamination–A review

The paper provides a complex, critical assessment of heavy metal soil pollution using different indices. Pollution indices are widely considered a useful tool for the comprehensive evaluation of the degree of contamination. Moreover, they can have a great importance in the assessment of soil quality and the prediction of future ecosystem sustainability, especially in the case of ...

Structural equation modeling as a tool to investigate correlates of extra-pair paternity in birds

Identifying relationships between variables in ecological systems is challenging due to the large number of interacting factors. One system studied in detail is avian reproduction, where molecular analyses have revealed dramatic variation in rates of extra-pair paternity—the frequency with which broods contain individuals sired by different males. Despite the attention the topic ...

Does altered protein metabolism interfere with postmortem degradation analysis for PMI estimation?

An accurate estimation of the postmortem interval (PMI) is a central aspect in forensic routine. Recently, a novel approach based on the analysis of postmortem muscle protein degradation has been proposed. However, a number of questions remain to be answered until sensible application of this method to a broad variety of forensic cases is possible. To evaluate whether altered in ...

Living with Advanced Kidney Cancer and Treatment with Cabozantinib: Through the Eyes of the Patient and the Physician

This article is co-authored by a patient with advanced renal cell carcinoma and his treating oncologist. The patient relates his personal experiences in struggling with cancer, including physical limitations, but also details his psychological, existential and spiritual distress through the cancer journey. The patient shares a proactive approach to the most common side effects of ...

Influence of full-length dystrophin on brain volumes in mouse models of Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) affects besides muscle also the brain, resulting in memory and behavioral problems. The consequences of dystrophinopathy on gross macroscopic alterations are unclear. To elucidate the effect of full-length dystrophin expression on brain morphology, we used high-resolution post-mortem MRI in mouse models that either express 0% (mdx), 100% (BL10) or ...

Explorations of wearable technology for tracking self and others

The purpose of this research is to explore designs and functions people like to have in wearable trackers and how these differ between novice and experienced users. Interviews were conducted with 20 people, consisted of novice and experienced users living in the US, by asking preferred designs and functions of wearable trackers for oneself and others, preferences on sharing the ...

SINR-based scheduling in multi-path multi-hop multi-radio multi-channel mmWave WPANs

Millimeter wave (mmWave) communications is a prospective candidate technology for multi-gigabit rates multimedia applications. To combat the severe propagation attenuation of mmWave, the high gain directional antenna is commonly employed at the nodes. Moreover, exploiting multiple radios over multiple channels is also a promising technology to improve the throughput and delay ...

Effect of Technology Based Financial Innovations on Non-Interest Income of Commercial Banks in Kenya

Technology based financial innovation has had a great impact on the financial industry as a whole over the past few decades. It has presented the banking sector with an opportunity to increase the revenue base. This study intended to identify the impact of technology based financial innovation on non-interest income in Kenyan commercial banks. The study investigated how the ...

Megacity precipitationsheds reveal tele-connected water security challenges

Urbanization is a global process that has taken billions of people from the rural countryside to concentrated urban centers, adding pressure to existing water resources. Many cities are specifically reliant on renewable freshwater regularly refilled by precipitation, rather than fossil groundwater or desalination. A precipitationshed can be considered the “watershed of the sky” and ...