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An Lp−Lq version of Hardy's theorem for spherical Fourier transform on semisimple Lie groups

We consider a real semisimple Lie group G with finite center and K a maximal compact subgroup of G. We prove an Lp−Lq version of Hardy's theorem for the spherical Fourier transform on G. More precisely, let a, b be positive real numbers, 1≤p, q≤∞, and f a K-bi-invariant measurable function on G such that ha−1f∈Lp(G) and eb‖λ‖2ℱ(f)∈Lq(?

Clinical reassessment of human embryo ploidy status between cleavage and blastocyst stage by Next Generation Sequencing

One of the most important limitations of genetic testing in preimplantation embryos is embryonic mosaicism, especially when performed on D3 with only a single blastomere evaluated. Previous publications, using Array-Comparative Genomic Hybridization (a-CGH) to compare day 3 (D3) biopsies versus trophectoderm biopsies for the analysis of aneuploid embryos, showed similar high...

Epidemiology of Lyme Disease

Investigation of the epidemiology of Lyme disease depends upon information generated from several sources. Human disease surveillance can be conducted by both passive and active means involving physicians, public health agencies and laboratories. Passive and active tick surveillance programs can document the extent of tick-borne activity, identify the geographic range of...

Deposition of Atmospheric Nitrogen Compounds in Humid Tropical Cuba

Acid deposition, a direct effect of gaseous air pollutants, is causing widespread damage to terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Further, these pollutants are responsible for the corrosion of building materials and cultural objects, as well as having an impact on human health. In Cuba, main atmospheric deposition of nitrogen compounds varies from approximately 12.0 to 65.0 kg N ha...

Probing Cortical Sites of Antipsychotic Drug Action with in vivo Receptor Imaging

Imaging receptors using radioactive ligands has allowed direct determination of the sites of action of antipsychotic drugs. Initial studies relating antipsychotic drug efficacy to action at striatal dopamine D2-like receptors have recently been undermined. Developments in imaging extrastriatal dopamine D2-like receptors suggest rather that antagonism of these receptors in the...

Reduction in the Nephrotoxicity of Amphotericin B when Administered in 20% Intralipid

The administration of amphotericin B (AmB) is often limited by the development of nephrotoxicity. In a pilot crossover trial, aqueous AmB followed by a new preparation of a mixture of AmB with 20% intralipid (AmB-IL) was administered to 10 immunocompromised patients for systemic fungal infections caused by Candida species. Mean total dose and duration of therapy with AmB-IL...

Selecting Candidates for Liver Transplantation: A Medical Ethics Perspective on the Microallocation of a Scarce and Rationed Resource

Liver transplantation has evolved over the past 35 years from an experimental procedure with high perioperative mortality to an accepted form of treatment with an approximate 85% one-year and 80% three-year patient survival rate. Following the success and acceptance of transplantation in the treatment of end-stage liver disease, there has been a progressive increase in the number...

Rooperol, an inhibitor of cytokine synthesis, decreases the respiratory burst in human and rat leukocytes and macrophages

Luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence was measured in fresh whole human blood, or human neutrophils isolated from heparinized blood, human alveolar macrophages and rat alveolar macrophages stimulated with bacterial endotoxin (LPS). Tetraacetate esters of rooperol, a dicatechol showing anticytokine activity, added to cells simultaneously with LPS inhibited the respiratory burst. The...

Wood colour variation in sapwood and heartwood of young trees of Tectona grandis and its relationship with plantation characteristics, site, and decay resistance

• Wood colour of Tectona grandis produced from fast-growth plantations is highly variable and the causes of this variation are relatively unknown.• With the purpose of understanding the colour variation, different fast-growth plantations were sampled with different growth rates, tree ages, and sites.• Wood colour was measured with a CIELab system, where three variables are...

Potential Influence of Interleukin-1 Receptor Antagonist Gene Polymorphism on Knee Osteoarthritis Risk

Objectives: Genes encoding for cytokines have been associated with susceptibility for joint osteoarthritis (OA) and interleukin (IL)-1 gene is supposed to be involved in the cartilage destruction process. In this regard, interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA) competing with IL-1 for binding to its receptor may act as an inhibitor of cartilage breakdown. We assessed the...

Genetics of Malignant Hyperthermia

Study of the genetics of the malignant hyperthermia syndrome began in families in which both malignant hyperthermia (MH) episodes had been experienced and individuals had strongly positive contracture tests diagnostic of susceptibility to MH. Linkage studies associated this MH phenotype to the ryanodine receptor gene (RYR1) at chromosome 19q13.1 in many families. Although the MH...

When to reveal what you feel: How emotions towards antagonistic out-group and third party audiences are expressed strategically

In intergroup conflicts, expressed emotions influence how others see and react to those who express them. Here, we investigated whether this in turn implies that emotions may be expressed strategically. We tested whether emotion expression can differ from emotion experience, and whether emotion expression (more than emotion experience) is used to pursue specific goals...

An Algorithm for Higher Order Hopf Normal Forms

Normal form theory is important for studying the qualitative behavior of nonlinear oscillators. In some cases, higher order normal forms are required to understand the dynamic behavior near an equilibrium or a periodic orbit. However, the computation of high-order normal forms is usually quite complicated. This article provides an explicit formula for the normalization of...

Serum procalcitonin and cerebrospinal fluid cytokines level in children with meningitis

Aims: To determine the level of serum procalcitonin and cerebrospinal fluid cytokines in children with bacterial or viral meningitis and to document the use of these parameters in differential diagnosis.

Development and Maintenance of the Gut-Associated Lymphoid Tissue (Galt): the Roles of Enteric Bacteria and Viruses

GALT can be subdivided into several compartments: (a) Peyer's patches (PP); (b) lamina propria (LP); and (c) intraepithelial leukocyte (IEL) spaces. The B-cell follicles of PP are quiescent in neonatal and germ-free (GF) adult mice. Germinal centers (GC), including sIgA