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3 Tesla breast MR imaging as a problem-solving tool: Diagnostic performance and incidental lesions

Purpose To investigate the diagnostic performance and incidental lesion yield of 3T breast MRI if used as a problem-solving tool. Methods This retrospective, IRB-approved, cross-sectional, single-center study comprised 302 consecutive women (mean: 50±12 years; range: 20–79 years) who were undergoing 3T breast MRI between 03/2013-12/2014 for further workup of conventional and ...

Activité Anti-Hyperglycémiante Et Élucidation Structurale Des Composés Isolés Des Feuilles De Spondias Purpurea L. (Anacardiaceae)

Spondias purpurea L. (Anacardiaceae) is a Senegalese traditional pharmacopoeia plant, which leaves are used in the treatment of various diseases. The leaves’ ethanolic extract exhibited antihyperglycemic activity on models of temporary hyperglycemia. The tests were performed on normoglycemic rats with a glucose tolerance test. The phytochemical investigation of the leaves resulted ...

Rottlerin as a therapeutic approach in psoriasis: Evidence from in vitro and in vivo studies

Rottlerin is a natural polyphenolic compound that was initially indicated as a PKCδ inhibitor. However, it was recently revealed that it may target a number of molecules and have biological effects on various cell types and is considered as a possible agent for tumor and cell proliferative diseases. Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory cutaneous disorder with undefined etiology and ...

Bacteria from bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from children with suspected chronic lower respiratory tract infection: results from a multi-center, cross-sectional study in Spain

This cross-sectional study assessed the prevalence of bacteria isolated from Spanish children with suspected chronic lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) for whom bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was indicated. BAL fluid (BALF) was collected from 191 children (aged ≥ 6 months to < 6 years, with persistent or recurrent respiratory symptoms, non-responders to usual treatment) and ...

Hernies Ombilicales Étranglées De L’enfant Au Centre Hospitalier Régional De Ziguinchor (Sénégal)

The umbilical hernia is a well-known pathology even though, its strangulation has been subject to much controversy. The aim of this work is to report our experience in the management of strangulated hernia of the child at the Ziguinchor regional hospital and to compare our results with those of the literature through a retrospective and descriptive study over a four years period. ...

An overview of problems and solutions for components subjected to fireside of boilers

In engineering applications, there are various types of boilers such as water tube boilers, fire tube boilers, packaged boiler, fluidized bed combustion boiler, pulverized fuel boiler and waste heat boilers. These boilers are used in different industries such as power plants, paper, and chemical. The present paper reports various problems (such as agglomeration, slagging, fouling, ...

The Fate of Prisoners of War Between the Quran, Traditions of the Prophet Muhammad and Practice of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria

Humanitarian law is the law of armed conflict that has originated from the rules and costumes of the ancient religions and civilizations. Islam includes many rules that restrict war between combatants and prohibit the warfare methods cause superfluous harm. The Quran and prophet Muhammad command Muslims to release and ransom war prisoners based on their personal conditions. The ...

A pilot study comparing the metabolic profiles of elite-level athletes from different sporting disciplines

Background The outstanding performance of an elite athlete might be associated with changes in their blood metabolic profile. The aims of this study were to compare the blood metabolic profiles between moderate- and high-power and endurance elite athletes and to identify the potential metabolic pathways underlying these differences. Methods Metabolic profiling of serum samples from ...

HIGHEST WEIGHT VECTORS AND TRANSMUTATION

Let G = GL n be the general linear group over an algebraically closed field k, let \( \mathfrak{g}={\mathfrak{gl}}_n \) be its Lie algebra and let U be the subgroup of G which consists of the upper uni-triangular matrices. Let \( k\left[\mathfrak{g}\right] \)be the algebra of polynomial functions on \( \mathfrak{g} \) and let \( k{\left[\mathfrak{g}\right]}^G \) be the algebra of ...

Korean survey data reveals an association of chronic laryngitis with tinnitus in men

The association between chronic laryngitis and tinnitus is not a well-studied topic, unlike the association of these two conditions with many other disorders. Cross-sectional data of 11,347 adults (males: 4,934; females: 6,413), who completed the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from 2010 to 2012 were used to investigate this association. Lifestyle ...

Impact of extra-articular pathologies on groin pain: An arthroscopic evaluation

Purpose For patients who have anterior hip pain evaluated by Patrick’s test and tenderness at Scarpa’s triangle, we perform periarticular debridement based on the hypothesis that extra-articular pathologies are responsible for the hip pain. The purpose of this study was to categorize the endoscopic extra-articular findings and to evaluate the clinical significance of periarticular ...

Three-dimensional echocardiography for the assessment of left ventricular geometry and papillary muscle morphology in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Background Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) is characterized by left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and associated with papillary muscle (PM) abnormalities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) for the geometric assessment of LV hypertrophy and PM morphology. Methods The study included 24 patients with an established diagnosis ...

The reliability of nonlinear least-squares algorithm for data analysis of neural response activity during sinusoidal rotational stimulation in semicircular canal neurons

Although many mathematical methods were used to analyze the neural activity under sinusoidal stimulation within linear response range in vestibular system, the reliabilities of these methods are still not reported, especially in nonlinear response range. Here we chose nonlinear least-squares algorithm (NLSA) with sinusoidal model to analyze the neural response of semicircular canal ...

Divorce, Separation, and Housing Changes: A Multiprocess Analysis of Longitudinal Data from England and Wales

This study investigates the effect of marital and nonmarital separation on individuals’ residential and housing trajectories. Using rich data from the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) and applying multilevel competing-risks event history models, we analyze the risk of a move of single, married, cohabiting, and separated men and women to different housing types. We distinguish ...

Functional regions of HpaXm as elicitors with specific heat tolerance induce the hypersensitive response or plant growth promotion in nonhost plants

HpaXm produced by the cotton leaf blight bacterium Xanthomonas citri subsp. malvacearum is a novel harpin elicitor of the induced hypersensitive response (HR) in tobacco. We investigated whether fragments of HpaXm, compared with fragments of Hpa1Xoo, are sufficient for HR or plant growth promotion (PGP) elicitation using four synthetic peptides (HpaXm35-51, HpaXm10-39, Hpa1Xoo36-52 ...

Pharmacological activation of TRPV4 produces immediate cell damage and induction of apoptosis in human melanoma cells and HaCaT keratinocytes

Background TRPV4 channels are calcium-permeable cation channels that are activated by several physicochemical stimuli. Accordingly, TRPV4 channels have been implicated in the regulation of osmosensing, mechanotransduction, thermosensation, and epithelial/endothelial barrier functions. Whether TRPV4 is also mechanistically implicated in melanoma cell proliferation is not clear. ...

Cancer risk in Korean patients with Behçet’s disease: A nationwide population-based study

Background Various immune-mediated diseases are associated with increased malignancy risks. However, the relationship between Behçet’s disease (BD) and cancer remains unclear. We conducted a nationwide, population-based study to determine the risk of cancer in patients with BD. Methods Using National Health Insurance claims records, we collected data from 2402 patients diagnosed ...

Rates, indications, and outcomes of caesarean section deliveries: A comparison of tribal and non-tribal women in Gujarat, India

Background Even though the caesarean section is an essential component of comprehensive obstetric and newborn care for reducing maternal and neonatal mortality, there is a lack of data regarding caesarean section rates, its determinants and health outcomes among tribal communities in India. Objective The aim of this study is to estimate and compare rates, determinants, indications ...

Correction to: Epidemiology of chronic hepatitis B virus in Ireland using routinely collected surveillance and administrative data, 2004–2014

The original version contained a mistake. The published version of this article incorrectly lists Lelia Thornton as Thornton Thornton. The correct author name is presented above.

Management of intracranial hemorrhage in adult patients on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO): An observational cohort study

Background Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is a common complication in adults treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). The aim of this study was to identify predictors of outcome and investigate intervention strategies following ICH development in ECMO-treated adult patients. Methods We conducted a retrospective review of adult patients (≥18 years) who developed an ...

LHC search for right-handed neutrinos in Z′ models

We consider right-handed neutrino pair production in generic Z′ models. We propose a new, model-independent analysis using final states containing a pair of same-sign muons. A key aspect of this analysis is the reconstruction of the RH neutrino mass, which leads to a significantly improved sensitivity. Within the \( \mathrm{U}{(1)_{\left(B-L\right)}}_{{}_3} \) model, we find that ...

Association of the urinary sodium to urinary specific gravity ratio with metabolic syndrome in Korean children and adolescents: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010-2013

Objectives This study aimed to evaluate the association between sodium intake and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Korean boys. Methods A total of 1,738 boys aged 10–18 years were included in this study from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) during the years 2010–2013. Sodium intake was assessed using the urinary sodium excretion to urinary specific ...

Synchrotron macro ATR-FTIR microspectroscopic analysis of silica nanoparticle-embedded polyester coated steel surfaces subjected to prolonged UV and humidity exposure

Surface modification of polymers and paints is a popular and effective way to enhance the properties of these materials. This can be achieved by introducing a thin coating that preserves the bulk properties of the material, while protecting it from environmental exposure. Suitable materials for such coating technologies are inorganic oxides, such as alumina, titania and silica; ...