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Publication patterns in the social sciences and humanities: evidence from eight European countries

This study investigates patterns in the language and type of social sciences and humanities (SSH) publications in non-English speaking European countries to demonstrate that such patterns are related not only to discipline but also to each country’s cultural and historic heritage. We investigate publication patterns that occur across SSH publications of the whole of the SSH and of ...

Integrating data from multiple sources for insights into demographic processes: Simulation studies and proof of concept for hierarchical change-in-ratio models

We developed a model for estimating demographic rates and population abundance based on multiple data sets revealing information about population age- and sex structure. Such models have previously been described in the literature as change-in-ratio models, but we extend the applicability of the models by i) using time series data allowing the full temporal dynamics to be modelled, ...

The politics of decarbonization and the catalytic impact of subnational climate experiments

The Paris Agreement of 2015 marks a formal shift in global climate change governance from an international legal regime that distributes state commitments to solve a collective action problem to a catalytic mechanism to promote and facilitate transformative pathways to decarbonization. It does so through a system of nationally determined contributions, monitoring and ratcheting up ...

Global Limit Setting as a Responsible Gambling Tool: What Do Players Think?

Many companies offer tools to help their clientele gamble more responsibly. Such tools include pre-commitment facilities where the gambler can set voluntary time and money limits. However, empirical evidence is lacking as to whether voluntary or mandatory limit setting has any positive impact on subsequent gambling behavior and whether such measures are of help to high-intensity ...

Hidden role of Maxwell superalgebras in the free differential algebras of D = 4 and D = 11 supergravity

The purpose of this paper is to show that the so-called Maxwell superalgebra in four dimensions, which naturally involves the presence of a nilpotent fermionic generator, can be interpreted as a hidden superalgebra underlying \(\mathcal {N}=1, {\hbox {D}}=4\) supergravity extended to include a 2-form gauge potential associated to a 2-index antisymmetric tensor. In this scenario, ...

Measuring the preparedness of health facilities to deliver emergency obstetric care in a South African district

Background Improving the delivery of emergency obstetric care (EmNOC) remains critical in addressing direct causes of maternal mortality. United Nations (UN) agencies have promoted standard methods for evaluating the availability of EmNOC facilities although modifications have been proposed by others. This study presents an assessment of the preparedness of public health facilities ...

Nonlinear dynamics and triboelectric energy harvesting from a three-degree-of-freedom vibro-impact oscillator

A triboelectric energy harvester based on a three-degree-of-freedom vibro-impact oscillator is presented. Both the dynamic model of the oscillator and the theoretical model of the oscillator-based triboelectric energy harvester are established. The dynamic response and its effect on the electrical output are considered for various mass ratios and mass spacings. The study leads to ...

Could texture features from preoperative CT image be used for predicting occult peritoneal carcinomatosis in patients with advanced gastric cancer?

Purpose To retrospectively investigate whether texture features obtained from preoperative CT images of advanced gastric cancer (AGC) patients could be used for the prediction of occult peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) detected during operation. Materials and methods 51 AGC patients with occult PC detected during operation from January 2009 to December 2012 were included as occult PC ...

Local Regime Shifts Prevent Natural Recovery and Restoration of Lost Eelgrass Beds Along the Swedish West Coast

Along the Swedish northwest coast, over 60% of the eelgrass meadows have been lost since the 1980s. Despite improved water quality, no recovery has occurred, and restoration is presently considered to mitigate historical losses. However, the factors preventing natural recovery of eelgrass are not known, and it is not clear if conditions would allow restoration. Here, we present the ...

Representativeness of the groundwater monitoring results in the context of its methodology: case study of a municipal landfill complex in Poland

A representative monitoring of groundwater quality is the basis for a reliable assessment of the impact of pollutant sources on groundwater. This is especially the case in the area around old closed landfills. A study of different methods of groundwater sampling was conducted at a municipal landfill site in Tychy-Urbanowice (southern Poland). The study compared the results of the ...

An automated system for rapid cellular extraction from live zebrafish embryos and larvae: Development and application to genotyping

Zebrafish are a valuable model organism in biomedical research. Their rapid development, ability to model human diseases, utility for testing genetic variants identified from next-generation sequencing, amenity to CRISPR mutagenesis, and potential for therapeutic compound screening, has led to their wide-spread adoption in diverse fields of study. However, their power for ...

Modeling the mass transfer in biosorption of Cr (VI) y Ni (II) by natural sugarcane bagasse

The Cr (VI) and Ni (II) ion biosorption process by natural sugarcane bagasse in a fixed bed column was investigated. The characteristic removal parameters such as retention capacity, removal percent and unused bed length were experimentally determined at different operating conditions. Overall mass transfer coefficient was investigated and reported for the studied biosorption ...

Theoretically optimal bracing for pre-existing building frames

Bracing is commonly used to provide resistance to lateral forces in building structures. However, traditional bracing design approaches appear not to be underpinned by clear fundamental principles. Here, theoretically optimal arrangements of bracing members are sought for pre-existing building frames, already designed to carry gravity loads. For sake of simplicity existing frame ...