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Digital simulation of physical processes in vehicles engine power units

This article studies the issues of digital simulation of physical operating processes in vehicles transmission. Simulation of dynamic processes is carried out in power transmissions at the design stage. The procedure for using the digital packages such as MATLab – Simulink and Simscape was considered for the numerical simulation of dynamic processes in mechanical systems based on...

Numerical Estimation of Notch Stress Intensity Factors of Sharp V-Notches

In the present work a simple and efficient least squares method is implemented for accurate estimation of notch stress intensity factors (NSIFs) of sharp V-notches. Finite element (FE) stress components near a notch tip is used in the present method for determining the NSIFs. Pure mode I and mixed mode (I/II) examples are considered for numerical investigations. The mixed mode...

D-type conformal matter and SU/USp quivers

Abstract We discuss the four dimensional models obtained by compactifying a single M5 brane probing D N singularity (minimal D-type (1, 0) conformal matter in six dimensions) on a torus with flux for abelian subgroups of the SO(4N) flavor symmetry. We derive the resulting quiver field theories in four dimensions by first compactifying on a circle and relating the flux to duality...

Spontaneous splenic rupture complicating primary varicella zoster infection: a case report

BackgroundPrimary varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection is a common illness, predominantly affecting children. Its course is typically benign, although severe complications have been described. Splenic rupture is an extremely rare and potentially fatal complication of primary VZV infection, with only a handful of cases reported in the literature.Case PresentationA 32-year-old...

Protein-Cross-Linking zur Aufklärung von komplexen Strukturen

Cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) can solve structures of highly dynamic macromolecular complexes. To characterize less well defined regions in cryo-EM images, cross-linking coupled with mass spectrometry (CX-MS) provides valuable information on the arrangement of domains and amino acids. CX-MS involves covalent linkage of protein residues close to each other and identifying...

MAGNETICA, une expo attirante

L’exposition itinérante tout public « MAGNETICA, une expo attirante » a pour objectif de mettre à mal les croyances liées au magnétisme. D’esthétique cristalline et attractive, elle présente une approche scientifique expérimentale du magnétisme, afin d’en expliquer les principes et les effets à l’origine de nombreuses applications omniprésentes dans nos vies, et à l’origine de...

Entrepreneurship and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a large-scale study involving the clinical condition of ADHD

A growing conversation has emerged linking ostensibly dark or pathological individual-level characteristics to entrepreneurship. Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is among the most central and emblematic. Recent studies have made great strides—articulating the theoretical relevance of ADHD-type behavior in entrepreneurship and suggesting a positive link consistent...

A citizen science based survey method for estimating the density of urban carnivores

Globally there are many examples of synanthropic carnivores exploiting growth in urbanisation. As carnivores can come into conflict with humans and are potential vectors of zoonotic disease, assessing densities in suburban areas and identifying factors that influence them are necessary to aid management and mitigation. However, fragmented, privately owned land restricts the use...

An Empiric Risk Score to Guide PrEP Targeting Among MSM in Coastal Kenya

Men who have sex with men (MSM), who have heterogeneous HIV-acquisition risks are not specifically targeted in Kenyan pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) guidelines. We used data from an open cohort, which followed 753 initially HIV-negative MSM participants for more than 1378.5 person-years, to develop an empiric risk score for targeting PrEP delivery. Independent predictors of...

Development of an efficient chromatin immunoprecipitation method to investigate protein-DNA interaction in oleaginous castor bean seeds

Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) is usually a reliable technique to find the binding sites of a transcription factor. In the current study, we developed a suitable ChIP method using developing castor bean seeds. A castor bean seed with large and persistent endosperm contains high amounts of storage lipids (ca. 50–60%) and is often considered as a model material to studying...

eNOS expression and NO release during hypoxia is inhibited by miR-200b in human endothelial cells

The nitric oxide (NO) secreted by vascular endothelium is required for the maintenance of cardiovascular homeostasis. Diminished release of NO generated by endothelial NO synthase contributes to endothelial dysfunction. Hypoxia and ischemia reduce endothelial eNOS expression via posttranscriptional mechanisms that result in NOS3 transcript destabilization. Here, we examine...

Identification of polymorphisms in the bovine collagenous lectins and their association with infectious diseases in cattle

Infectious diseases are a significant issue in animal production systems, including both the dairy and beef cattle industries. Understanding and defining the genetics of infectious disease susceptibility in cattle is an important step in the mitigation of their impact. Collagenous lectins are soluble pattern recognition receptors that form an important part of the innate immune...

Design of Monitoring and Control System for Multi-Tube Ignition Pulse Detonation Engine

A multi-processers monitoring and control system, which use the Lora as wireless communication technology, was designed to meet needs of mobility, safety, fast frequency adjustment, portability, none affect on PDE thrust test and so on. This paper elaborated on scheme of whole system, local high-speed signal acquisition, storage, data export and ignition control method...

Quantification of lithium at ppm level in geological samples using nuclear reaction analysis

Proton-induced reaction (p,α) is one type of nuclear reaction analysis (NRA) suitable especially for light element quantification. In the case of lithium quantification presented in this work, accelerated protons with an energy about of 850 keV were used to induce the 7Li(p,α)4He reaction in standard reference and geological samples such as tourmaline and other Li-minerals. It is...

Surgical margin status and its impact on prostate cancer prognosis after radical prostatectomy: a meta-analysis

Background and purposePositive surgical margins (PSMs) correlate with adverse outcomes in numerous solid tumours. However, the prognostic value of PSMs in prostate cancer (PCa) patients who underwent radical prostatectomy remains unclear. Herein, we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the association between PSMs and the prognostic value for biochemical recurrence-free survival...

University energy management improvement on basis of standards and digital technologies

Nowadays to implement the energy management system it is important to fulfill not only the legal requirements but also to follow the set of recommendations prepared by international and national management standards. The purpose of this article is to prepare the concept and methodology for the optimization and improvement of the energy management system (EMS) for Universities...

Special aspects of technological entrepreneurship financing at the present stage

Technological entrepreneurship is a new trend of the world economy. The main sources of technological entrepreneurship financing are “business angels”, venture capital funds and innovative partnerships. The activation of innovative processes in the scientific and technical sphere becomes an important condition for the highly efficient economy creation. Today the search for...

Performance investigation of a rotary heat exchanger installed with four ducts using computational fluid dynamics

The performance characteristics of a commercially available rotary heat exchanger or were determined using CFD. A rotary air pre-heater of a thermal power plant (fuelled by natural gas), situated in Ramin, Iran, was numerically modelled with full scale dimensions using 3D approach. This model was then validated against the experimentally measured values. After a satisfactory...

Improving geotechnical properties of clayey soil using polymer material

This study illustrates the application of polymer material for clayey soil stabilization. The article will focus on studying the strength behavior of the clayey soils reinforced with homogenously polymer fiber. In the current research, “polypropylene” was selected as polymer material to reinforce the natural clay soil. This polymer fiber was added to the clayey soil with four...

Revisiting Renewable Energy Map in Indonesia: Seasonal Hydro and Solar Energy Potential for Rural Off-Grid Electrification (Provincial Level)

Regarding the acceleration of renewable energy diffusion in Indonesia as well as achieving the national energy mix target, renewable energy map is essential to provide useful information to build renewable energy system. This work aims at updating the renewable energy potential map, i.e. hydro and solar energy potential, with a revised model based on the global climate data. The...

A fuzzy adaptive sliding mode controller for uncertain nonlinear multi motor systems

Multi-motor drive systems are nonlinear, multi-input multi-output (MIMO) and strong-coupling complicated system, including the effect of friction and elastic, backlash. They have been widely used in many modern industries. The control law for this dive system much depend on the determining of the tension being hard to obtain this tension in practice based on a load cell or a...

Proximal tibia stress fracture with Osteoarthritis of knee − Radiological and functional analysis of one stage TKA with long stem

Introduction: Proximal tibia stress fractures with knee osteoarthritis pose a challenging situation. We evaluated the radiological and functional outcome of one-stage total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and long stem for patients with varied grades of knee arthritis and proximal tibia stress fractures. Methods: We analysed 20 patients from April 2012 to March 2017 with proximal tibia...

Estimate of throughput of bridge transitions and pipe passages built on minor rivers of piedmont areas of Krasnodar Territory-Russia

Stability and accident-free operation of engineering road structures including bridge transitions and pipe passages built on mountain rivers mostly depends on a stream regime and lack of obstructions for water flow. Such structures pose a prominent potential hazard being built in piedmont areas of Caucasus Mountains characterized by flash floods and blockage of structures by...