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223 papers found.
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Identification and characterization of microRNAs in the pancreatic fluke Eurytrema pancreaticum

Background Eurytrema pancreaticum is one of the most common flukes, which mainly infects ruminants globally and infects human beings accidentally; causing eurytremiasis that has high veterinary and economic importance. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs and are now considered as a key mechanism of gene regulation at the post-transcription level. Methods We investigated...

Effects of acupuncture treatment on depression insomnia: a study protocol of a multicenter randomized controlled trial

Background More than 70% of patients with depression who see their doctors experience insomnia. Insomnia treatment is a very important link for depression treatment. Furthermore, antidepression treatment is also important for depression insomnia. In acupuncture, LU-7 (Lie Que) and KID-6 (Zhao Hai), which are two of the eight confluence points in meridian theory, are used as main...

Comparative Characterization of MicroRNAs from the Liver Flukes Fasciola gigantica and F. hepatica

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are key regulators of gene expression at the post-transcription level. The present study specifically explored and compared the miRNA expression profiles of F. gigantica and F. hepatica using an integrated sequencing and bioinformatics platform and quantitative real-time PCR. Nineteen and 16 miRNA candidates were identified from F. gigantica and F. hepatica...

The Cytotoxicity Mechanism of 6-Shogaol-Treated HeLa Human Cervical Cancer Cells Revealed by Label-Free Shotgun Proteomics and Bioinformatics Analysis

Cheng, Xiao-Jun Xu, Le-Le Liu, E-Hu Liu, and Ping Li State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, Department of Pharmacognosy, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 210009, China Received 26 July 2012

Characterization of MicroRNAs from Orientobilharzia turkestanicum, a Neglected Blood Fluke of Human and Animal Health Significance

The neglected blood flukes Orientobilharzia spp. belonging to the Platyhelminthes, infect animals in a number of countries of the world, and cause cercarial dermatitis in humans, as well as significant diseases and even death in economically-important animals. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are now considered to be a key mechanism of gene regulation. Herein, we investigated the global miRNA...

Conventional, but not high-purity, dialysate-induced monocyte apoptosis is mediated by activation of PKC-δ and inflammatory factors release

Background. Use of conventional dialysate (CD) (powdered sodium bicarbonate dissolved manually with reverse osmosis water before dialysis) is common in Chinese haemodialysis (HD) centres. However, this preparation carries the risk of degradation and contamination, potentially negatively impacting host defense. Commercially available high-purity dialysate (HPD) may decrease...

First report of Toxoplasma gondii infection in market-sold adult chickens, ducks and pigeons in northwest China

BackgroundToxoplasma gondii infection is a global concern, affecting a wide range of warm-blooded animals and humans worldwide, including poultry. Domestic and companion birds are considered to play an important role in the transmission of T. gondii to humans and other animals. However, little information on T. gondii infection in domestic birds in Lanzhou, northwest China was...

The instability of (GpT)n and (ApC)n microsatellites induced by formaldehyde in Escherichia coli

Formaldehyde, a potential human nasal carcinogen, has been reported to induce DNA lesions. However, the effect of formaldehyde on microsatellite instability has not previously been reported. Plasmids containing different lengths of complementary (ApC)n or (GpT)n dinucleotide repeats on the leading strand were constructed to investigate whether the mutagenesis by formaldehyde can...

Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in dairy cattle in southern China

Background As an obligate intracellular parasite, Toxoplasma gondii can infect humans and almost all warm-blooded animals. The consumption of raw or undercooked beef and milk is considered a risk for T. gondii infection in humans. However, little is known of T. gondii infection in dairy cattle in metropolitan Guangzhou, southern China. This study was performed to determine the...

Clear Genetic Distinctiveness between Human- and Pig-Derived Trichuris Based on Analyses of Mitochondrial Datasets

The whipworm, Trichuris trichiura, causes trichuriasis in ∼600 million people worldwide, mainly in developing countries. Whipworms also infect other animal hosts, including pigs (T. suis), dogs (T. vulpis) and non-human primates, and cause disease in these hosts, which is similar to trichuriasis of humans. Although Trichuris species are considered to be host specific, there has...

Neuronal Calcium Sensor Synaptotagmin-9 Is Not Involved in the Regulation of Glucose Homeostasis or Insulin Secretion

Background Insulin secretion is a complex and highly regulated process. It is well established that cytoplasmic calcium is a key regulator of insulin secretion, but how elevated intracellular calcium triggers insulin granule exocytosis remains unclear, and we have only begun to define the identities of proteins that are responsible for sensing calcium changes and for transmitting...

Facile solution growth of vertically aligned ZnO nanorods sensitized with aqueous CdS and CdSe quantum dots for photovoltaic applications

Vertically aligned single crystalline ZnO nanorod arrays, approximately 3 μm in length and 50-450 nm in diameter are grown by a simple solution approach on a Zn foil substrate. CdS and CdSe colloidal quantum dots are assembled onto ZnO nanorods array using water-soluble nanocrystals capped as-synthesized with a short-chain bifuncional linker thioglycolic acid. The solar cells co...

Ag85B DNA vaccine suppresses airway inflammation in a murine model of asthma

Background In allergic asthma, Th2 lymphocytes are believed to play important roles in orchestrating airway eosinophilia and inflammation. Resetting the Th1/Th2 imbalance may have a therapeutic role in asthma. The mycobacterium tuberculosis 30-kilodalton major secretory protein (antigen 85B, Ag85B) can protect animals from M. tuberculosis infection by inducing a Th1-dominant...

Construction of siRNA/miRNA expression vectors based on a one-step PCR process

Background RNA interference (RNAi) has become a powerful means for silencing target gene expression in mammalian cells and is envisioned to be useful in therapeutic approaches to human disease. In recent years, high-throughput, genome-wide screening of siRNA/miRNA libraries has emerged as a desirable approach. Current methods for constructing siRNA/miRNA expression vectors...

Identification of a novel gene encoding the trehalose phosphate synthase in the cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera

Trehalose and trehalose metabolism are crucial for insect development. We measured the content of polyhydric compounds in the hemolymph of diapause- and nondiapause-destined individuals of Helicoverpa armigera. We found that the trehalose content is much higher in diapause-destined individuals than that in nondiapause individuals. The activity of trehalose-6-phosphate synthase...

Surface exciton-plasmon polariton enhanced light emission via integration of single semiconductor nanowires with metal nanostructures

The light emission enhancement behavior from single ZnO nanowires integrated with metallic contacts is investigated by micro-photoluminescence measurements. Apart from surface plasmon polaritons at the air/metal interface, the emission of a single ZnO nanowire can be coupled into guided modes of surface excitonplasmon polaritons (SEPPs). The out-coupling avenues of SEPP guided...

Bending-induced conductance increase in individual semiconductor nanowires and nanobelts

Reliable ohmic contacts were established in order to study the strain sensitivity of nanowires and nanobelts. Significant conductance increases of up to 113% were observed on bending individual ZnO nanowires or CdS nanobelts. This bending strain-induced conductance enhancement was confirmed by a variety of bending measurements, such as using different manipulating tips (silicon...