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Improving Fecal Occult Blood Testing Compliance Using a Mailed Educational Reminder

BACKGROUND Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths in the United States. Randomized controlled trials have shown that annual screening fecal occult blood testing (FOBT) reduces CRC mortality and incidence. However, patient compliance with FOBT is low. OBJECTIVE To determine whether a mailed educational reminder increases FOBT card return rates ...

The baseline distribution of malaria in the initial phase of elimination in Sabang Municipality, Aceh Province, Indonesia

Background Sabang Municipality, in Aceh Province, Indonesia, plans to initiate a malaria elimination programme in 2013. A baseline survey of the distribution of malaria in the municipality was conducted to lay the foundations for an evidence-based programme and to assess the island’s readiness to begin the elimination process. Methods The entire population of the municipality was ...

P-wave Dispersion is Increased in Pregnancy Due to Shortening of Minimum Duration of P: Does This Have Clinical Significance?

Most pregnant women complain of palpitation, and various kinds of arrhythmias can be observed during pregnancy. We investigated P-wave and QT dispersion during pregnancy. Healthy pregnant women (n = 162) and healthy age-matched, non-pregnant women (n = 150) were included. We performed electrocardiography and transthoracic echocardiography and determined serum oestradiol levels in ...

Routine Rapid HIV Screening in Six Community Health Centers Serving Populations at Risk

Background In 2006, to increase opportunities for patients to become aware of their HIV status, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released updated guidelines for routine, opt-out HIV screening of adults, adolescents, and pregnant women in healthcare settings. To date, there are few documented applications of these recommendations. Objective To measure the impact of ...

Diagnostic Value of Ischaemia-modified Albumin for Predicting Myocardial Ischaemia during Myocardial Perfusion Scintigraphy

During acute ischaemia the N-terminal site of albumin is altered, reducing its binding capacity; the modified protein is termed ischaemia-modified albumin (IMA). IMA is a sensitive marker of acute myocardial ischaemia but its diagnostic value in chronic angina pectoris patients is unclear. We investigated changes in blood levels of IMA during myocardial perfusion scintigraphy in ...

The ability of flagellum-specific Proteus vulgaris bacteriophage PV22 to interact with Campylobacter jejuni flagella in culture

Background There has been a recent resurgent interest in bacteriophage biology. Research was initiated to examine Campylobacter jejuni-specific bacteriophage in the Russian Federation to develop alternative control measures for this pathogen. Results A C. jejuni flagellum-specific phage PV22 from Proteus vulgaris was identified in sewage drainage. This phage interacted with C. ...

118 SNPs of folate-related genes and risks of spina bifida and conotruncal heart defects

Background Folic acid taken in early pregnancy reduces risks for delivering offspring with several congenital anomalies. The mechanism by which folic acid reduces risk is unknown. Investigations into genetic variation that influences transport and metabolism of folate will help fill this data gap. We focused on 118 SNPs involved in folate transport and metabolism. Methods Using ...

Deletions in chromosome 6p22.3-p24.3, including ATXN1, are associated with developmental delay and autism spectrum disorders

selection of large copy number variation . Genome Res 2010 , 20 : 1469 - 1481 . 37. Pinto D , Pagnamenta AT , Klei L , Anney R , Merico D , Regan R , Conroy J , Magalhaes TR , Correia C , Abrahams BS

Establishment of a doxycycline-regulated cell line with inducible, doubly-stable expression of the wild-type p53 gene from p53-deleted hepatocellular carcinoma cells

p53 is important in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and in therapeutic approaches, but the mechanism whereby it inhibits HCC growth is still unclear. The aim of the present study was to establish a HCC cell system in which p53 levels can be regulated. Full-length wild-type p53 cDNA obtained by PCR was cloned into a retroviral response vector controlled by the ...

Patients' and Carers' Satisfaction with Hospital-in-the-Home Care

Melbourne, c/o Fairfield Hospital , Victoria, Australia Pergamon MB BS - Aim: Hospital-in-the-Home Units (HHUs) offer acute care, such as tbe administration of intravenous antibiotic therapy, to

Should The US Media Have A Duty To Cover All International Tragedies Even If Such Reporting Cannot Be Measured In Their Ratings and, Thereby, Their Respective Financial Status?

Attila J. Hertelendy MS, MHSM, NREMT-P, CCEMT-P , ACP University of Mississippi Medical Center , USA 3 Holmes Community College 4 Brenda Jefferson-Nash BS University of Mississippi Medical Center , USA 5 ... Danett A. Dillon, BS Graduate Student, School of Health Related Professions University of Mississippi Medical Center , USA 6 George Vanderslice , MS, RT (R) (M) Instructor , Department of Radiology

Factors Associated with Hepatitis B Testing Among Vietnamese Americans

BACKGROUND Chronic hepatitis B and hepatitis B-associated liver cancer is a major health disparity among Vietnamese Americans, who have a chronic hepatitis B prevalence rate of 7–14% and an incidence rate for liver cancer six times that of non-Latino whites. OBJECTIVE Describe factors associated with hepatitis B testing among Vietnamese Americans. DESIGN A population-based ...

Reply to Letter to Editor

ReplyDear Sir:We thank Doctors Eriksson, Friedman, Cushner, and Lassen for their letter regarding our recently published manuscript: Potent anticoagulants are associated with a higher all-cause mortality rate after hip and knee arthroplasty [15].They have challenged the evidence presented in our paper which suggests that potent anticoagulants are associated with higher mortality ...

High-resolution R-banding and localization of fragile sites in Oryctolagus cuniculus

BS Poulsen M Rnne 0 0 Odense University, Institute of Medical Biology, Department of Anatomy and Cytology , Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M , Denmark Fragile sites on chromosomes are points where

Recreational and Master Athletic Activity Does Not Affect Free and Total Prostate-specific Antigen Levels but Lowers the Free-to-total Prostate-specific Antigen Ratio

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and the ratio of free-to-total PSA are widely used tumour markers, but the effect of exercise on these parameters is unclear. We aimed to determine whether long-term physical training was associated with changes in serum PSA by comparing PSA concentrations in middle-aged master athletes (n = 12), recreational athletes (n = 12) and sedentary controls ...