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The first William Selim Hanna honor lecture from failure to success: lessons from geotechnical failures

An engineering failure may be defined as an unforeseen, substandard, performance of an engineered element. It can materialize in the forms of a catastrophic incident or just as a slight functional shortcoming. Failures are not all evil despite our natural aversion to encounter them. In fact, they are both our greatest enemy and, ironically, our foremost educator. Our ancestors who ...

Vowel purity and rhyme evidence in Old Chinese reconstruction

Rhyme patterns in Old Chinese poems are important for the reconstruction of Old Chinese pronunciation, as they provide evidence for groups of words which formerly had similar pronunciation. Rhyme patterns can also be used to test Old Chinese reconstruction systems for consistency and plausibility, as reconstruction systems should minimize the conflict with attested rhyme patterns. ...

Load–settlement response of shallow foundations resting on granular soil

Proper estimation of settlement of shallow foundations resting on granular soil deposits has a significant role in the design and construction of buildings and other related structures. While several procedures are available in the literature, discrepancies still exist between the predicted and observed responses. Furthermore, there is a decoupling between bearing capacity and ...

Babies Smell Wonderful to Their Parents, Teenagers Do Not: an Exploratory Questionnaire Study on Children’s Age and Personal Odor Ratings in a Polish Sample

Introduction Infant body odor is subjectively pleasant to parents and activates reward areas in the brain. Hence, body odor perception might contribute to parental bonding. However, it is unknown whether the perceived pleasantness of children’s body odor varies over the course of a child’s development. Methods Two hundred and thirty-five parents (M = 36.9 years, SD = 7.3) were ...

Improved gradient local ternary patterns for facial expression recognition

Automated human emotion detection is a topic of significant interest in the field of computer vision. Over the past decade, much emphasis has been on using facial expression recognition (FER) to extract emotion from facial expressions. Many popular appearance-based methods such as local binary pattern (LBP), local directional pattern (LDP) and local ternary pattern (LTP) have been ...

Dissipation of S-metolachlor in plant and soil and effect on enzymatic activities

The present study aimed at evaluating the dissipation of S-metolachlor (S-MET) at three doses in maize growing on diverse physico-chemical properties of soil. The effect of herbicide on dehydrogenase (DHA) and acid phosphatase (ACP) activity was estimated. A modified QuEChERS method using LC-MS/MS has been developed. The limit of quantification (0.001 mg kg−1) and detection (0.0005 ...

Preventing subclinical necrotic enteritis through Lactobacillus johnsonii BS15 by ameliorating lipid metabolism and intestinal microflora in broiler chickens

Increasing studies have focused on the beneficial effects of Lactobacillus johnsonii in certain diseases. Here, we studied the prevention ability of a probiotic strain, L. johnsonii BS15 on subclinical necrotic enteritis (SNE), and its underlying mechanism. 180 male Cobb 500 chicks were randomly allotted into three groups and administrated with BS15 (1 × 106 cfu/g) or Man Rogosa ...

Resource allocation in a MAC with and without security via game theoretic learning

In this paper, we study a K-user fading multiple access channel (F-MAC), with and without an eavesdropper (Eve). In the system without Eve, we assume that each user knows only its own channel gain and is completely ignorant about the other users’ channel state. The legitimate receiver sends a short acknowledgement message Acknowledge (ACK) if the message is correctly decoded and a ...

Development of a new method based on unmodified gold nanoparticles and peptide nucleic acids for detecting bovine viral diarrhea virus-RNA

A simple colorimetric assay is presented for detecting bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV)-RNA based on aggregation of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) in the presence of charge-neutral peptide nucleic acids (PNA). Free charge-neutral PNA oligomers tended to be adsorbed onto AuNPs and act as a coagulant, whereas hybridizing complementary RNA with PNA disrupted PNA-induced AuNP ...

Anti-CGRP Monoclonal Antibodies: the Next Era of Migraine Prevention?

Migraine is a very disabling disorder with severe impact on patients’ lives and substantive costs to society in terms of healthcare costs and lost productivity. Prevention is a key component of migraine therapy, and while numerous preventive options exist, each is burdened by either troublesome side effects or insufficient efficacy. All migraine preventives currently in clinical ...

Massive MIMO with multi-cell MMSE processing: exploiting all pilots for interference suppression

A new state-of-the-art multi-cell minimum mean square error (M-MMSE) scheme is proposed for massive multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) networks, which includes an uplink MMSE detector and a downlink MMSE precoder. Contrary to conventional single-cell schemes that suppress interference using only channel estimates for intra-cell users, our scheme shows the optimal way to suppress ...

Phenotypic and genomic survey on organic acid utilization profile of Pseudomonas mendocina strain S5.2, a vineyard soil isolate

Root exudates are chemical compounds that are released from living plant roots and provide significant energy, carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus sources for microbes inhabiting the rhizosphere. The exudates shape the microflora associated with the plant, as well as influences the plant health and productivity. Therefore, a better understanding of the trophic link that is established ...

A Classification of Countable Lower 1-transitive Linear Orders

This paper contains a classification of countable lower 1-transitive linear orders. This is the first step in the classification of countable 1-transitive trees given in Chicot and Truss (2009): the notion of lower 1-transitivity generalises that of 1-transitivity for linear orders, and it is essential for the structure theory of 1-transitive trees. The classification is given in ...

Isolation and characterization of Burkholderia fungorum Gan-35 with the outstanding ammonia nitrogen-degrading ability from the tailings of rare-earth-element mines in southern Jiangxi, China

The exploitation of rare-earth-element (REE) mines has resulted in severe ammonia nitrogen pollution and induced hazards to environments and human health. Screening microorganisms with the ammonia nitrogen-degrading ability provides a basis for bioremediation of ammonia nitrogen-polluted environments. In this study, a bacterium with the outstanding ammonia nitrogen-degrading ...

Compact UWB-MIMO antenna with metamaterial FSS decoupling structure

In this paper, an UWB-MIMO antenna with frequency selective surface (FSS) decoupling structure is proposed. To realize antenna system miniaturization and integration, silicon material is applied as substrate. The proposed antenna becomes a very compact construction with dimension of 38.2 × 26.6 × 0.4 mm3. The proposed broadband FSS unit consists of four split rectangles and one ...

Is it only the regulatory status? Broadening the debate on cisgenic plants

In current debates on emerging technologies for plant breeding in Europe, much attention has been given to the regulatory status of these techniques and their public acceptance. At present, both genetically modified plants with cisgenic approaches—using genes from crossable species—as well as transgenic approaches—using genes from different species—fall under GMO regulation in the ...

Nutritional value, chemical composition and antioxidant activity of three Tuber species from China

Nutritional value, chemical composition and antioxidant activity of the traditional edible truffles Tuber latisporum, T. subglobosum and T. pseudohimalayense, from China were evaluated. Powder formulations of the three truffles revealed the presence of essential nutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates and unsaturated fatty acids, and T. latisporum presented the highest contents ...