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Evaporation kinetics of surfactant solution droplets on rice (Oryza sativa) leaves

The dynamics of evaporating sessile droplets on hydrophilic or hydrophobic surfaces is widely studied, and many models for these processes have been developed based on experimental evidence. However, few research has been explored on the evaporation of sessile droplets of surfactant or pesticide solutions on target crop leaves. Thus, in this paper the impact of surfactant...

Initial response of fish trophic niche to hydrological alteration in the upstream of Three Gorges Dam

Introduction Damming is one of the dramatic impacts to river food webs due to habitat fragmentation and changes in the hydrological regimes. The world’s largest dam, the Three Gorges Dam (TGD), has been constructed in the middle of Yangtze River since 2003. The objective of this study was to understand the effects of altered hydrological regime on the trophic structure of fish...

Hypermethylation of secreted frizzled-related proteins predicts poor prognosis in non-M3 acute myeloid leukemia

,1,2 Cui An,4 Wei Zhang,2,3 Zi-jun Xu,1,2 Jiang Lin,1,2 Jun Qian2,3 1Laboratory Center, Affiliated People’s Hospital of Jiangsu University, 2The Key Lab of Precision Diagnosis and Treatment of Zhenjiang

Comprehensive Weighted Clique Degree Ranking Algorithms and Evolutionary Model of Complex Network

This paper analyses the degree ranking (DR) algorithm, and proposes a new comprehensive weighted clique degree ranking (CWCDR) algorithms for ranking importance of nodes in complex network. Simulation results show that CWCDR algorithms not only can overcome the limitation of degree ranking algorithm, but also can find important nodes in complex networks more precisely and...

Comprehensive Weighted Clique Degree Ranking Algorithms and Evolutionary Model of Complex Network

This paper analyses the degree ranking (DR) algorithm, and proposes a new comprehensive weighted clique degree ranking (CWCDR) algorithms for ranking importance of nodes in complex network. Simulation results show that CWCDR algorithms not only can overcome the limitation of degree ranking algorithm, but also can find important nodes in complex networks more precisely and...

Comparison of different inspiratory triggering settings in automated ventilators during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a porcine model

Background Mechanical ventilation via automated in-hospital ventilators is quite common during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. It is not known whether different inspiratory triggering sensitivity settings of ordinary ventilators have different effects on actual ventilation, gas exchange and hemodynamics during resuscitation. Methods 18 pigs enrolled in this study were...

Mesenchymal stromal cell treatment prevents H9N2 avian influenza virus-induced acute lung injury in mice

Background The avian influenza virus (AIV) can cross species barriers and expand its host range from birds to mammals, even humans. Avian influenza is characterized by pronounced activation of the proinflammatory cytokine cascade, which perpetuates the inflammatory response, leading to persistent systemic inflammatory response syndrome and pulmonary infection in animals and...

Autocrine parathyroid hormone-like hormone promotes intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma cell proliferation via increased ERK/JNK-ATF2-cyclinD1 signaling

Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is an aggressive tumor with a high fatality rate. It was recently found that parathyroid hormone-like hormone (PTHLH) was frequently overexpressed in ICC compared with non-tumor tissue. This study aimed to elucidate the underlying mechanisms of PTHLH in ICC development. The CCK-8 assay, colony formation assays, flow cytometry and a xenograft...

Strain Rate and Anisotropic Microstructure Dependent Mechanical Behaviors of Silkworm Cocoon Shells

Silkworm cocoons are multi-layered composite structures comprised of high strength silk fiber and sericin, and their mechanical properties have been naturally selected to protect pupas during metamorphosis from various types of external attacks. The present study attempts to gain a comprehensive understanding of the mechanical properties of cocoon shell materials from wild...

Leveraging syntactic and semantic graph kernels to extract pharmacokinetic drug drug interactions from biomedical literature

Background Information about drug–drug interactions (DDIs) supported by scientific evidence is crucial for establishing computational knowledge bases for applications like pharmacovigilance. Since new reports of DDIs are rapidly accumulating in the scientific literature, text-mining techniques for automatic DDI extraction are critical. We propose a novel approach for automated...

Defective autophagy leads to the suppression of stem-like features of CD271 + osteosarcoma cells

Background As an important stress-response mechanism, autophagy plays crucial role in the tumor formation and drug resistance of cancer cells including osteosarcoma (OS). OS cancer stem cells (CSCs) also are considered a key factor of tumorigenesis, drug resistance and tumor recurrence. However, the relationship between autophagy and OS CSCs still remains unclear. Methods CD271...

Transition of Carrier Transport Behaviors with Temperature in Phosphorus-Doped Si Nanocrystals/SiO2 Multilayers

High-conductive phosphorus-doped Si nanocrystals/SiO2(nc-Si/SiO2) multilayers are obtained, and the formation of Si nanocrystals with the average crystal size of 6 nm is confirmed by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and Raman spectra. The temperature-dependent carrier transport behaviors of the nc-Si/SiO2 films are systematically studied by which we find the shift...

Comparison of single and dual growing rods in the treatment of early onset scoliosis: a meta-analysis

Background The growing rod technique was applied in the treatment of early onset scoliosis (EOS) with promising outcomes and many complications at the same time. We reviewed data from literatures to compare the results of single growing rods with dual growing rods to achieve a clear understanding of this technique. Methods PubMed, Embase, MEDLINE, ScienceDirect, CNKI, Wanfang...

Meta-Analysis of Laparoscopic versus Open Hepatectomy for Live Liver Donors

Objective To document the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic living donor hepatectomy in comparison with open liver resection for living donor liver transplantation. Methods Medline database, EMASE and Cochrane library were searched for original studies comparing laparoscopic living donor hepatectomy (LLDH) and open living donor hepatectomy (OLDH) by January 2015. Meta-analysis...

Simulation and Experimental Study on Anti-reflection Characteristics of Nano-patterned Si Structures for Si Quantum Dot-Based Light-Emitting Devices

Surface-textured structure is currently an interesting topic since it can efficiently reduce the optical losses in advanced optoelectronic devices via light management. In this work, we built a model in finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) solutions by setting the simulation parameters based on the morphology of the Si nanostructures and compared with the experimental results in...

Dynamical effects of spin-dependent interactions in low- and intermediate-energy heavy-ion reactions

It is well known that noncentral nuclear forces, such as the spin–orbital coupling and the tensor force, play important roles in understanding many interesting features of nuclear structures. However, their dynamical effects in nuclear reactions are poorly known because only the spin-averaged observables are normally studied both experimentally and theoretically. Realizing that...

Role of Interleukin-10 on Nasal Polypogenesis in Patients with Chronic Rhinosinusitis with Nasal Polyps

Background and Objectives Interleukin 10 (IL-10) is a potent anti-inflammatory cytokine. The dysregulation of IL-10 is associated with an enhanced immunopathologic response to infection, as well as with an increased risk for developing numerous autoimmune diseases. In this study, we investigated IL-10 expression in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) and assessed...

Response of Plant Height, Species Richness and Aboveground Biomass to Flooding Gradient along Vegetation Zones in Floodplain Wetlands, Northeast China

Flooding regime changes resulting from natural and human activity have been projected to affect wetland plant community structures and functions. It is therefore important to conduct investigations across a range of flooding gradients to assess the impact of flooding depth on wetland vegetation. We conducted this study to identify the pattern of plant height, species richness and...

Improved Efficiency of Silicon Nanoholes/Gold Nanoparticles/Organic Hybrid Solar Cells via Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance

Silicon is the most widely used material for solar cells due to its abundance, non-toxicity, reliability, and mature fabrication process. In this paper, we fabricated silicon nanoholes (SiNHS)/gold nanoparticles (AuNPS)/organic hybrid solar cells and investigated their spectral and opto-electron conversion properties. SiNHS nanocomposite films were fabricated by metal-assisted...