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Dexmedetomidine sedation reduces atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery compared to propofol: a randomized controlled trial

Background Atrial fibrillation occurs frequently in patients following cardiac surgery and can be a cause of increased morbidity and mortality. The use of dexmedetomidine to prevent atrial fibrillation is unclear. The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine sedation on the incidence of atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery. Methods Upon arrival to ...

Analysis of the Negative-SET Behaviors in Cu/ZrO2/Pt Devices

Metal oxide-based electrochemical metallization memory (ECM) shows promising performance for next generation non-volatile memory. The negative-SET behavior has been observed in various oxide-based ECM devices. But the underlying mechanism of this behavior remains unaddressed and the role of the metal cation and oxygen vacancy in this behavior is unclear. In this work, we have ...

Analysis of the Negative-SET Behaviors in Cu/ZrO2/Pt Devices

Metal oxide-based electrochemical metallization memory (ECM) shows promising performance for next generation non-volatile memory. The negative-SET behavior has been observed in various oxide-based ECM devices. But the underlying mechanism of this behavior remains unaddressed and the role of the metal cation and oxygen vacancy in this behavior is unclear. In this work, we have ...

Challenges for strengthening the health workforce in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic: perspectives from key stakeholders

Background The Lao People’s Democratic Republic is facing a critical shortage and maldistribution of health workers. Strengthening of the health workforce has been adopted as one of the five priorities of the National Health Sector Strategy (2013–2025). This study aims to identify, explore, and better understand the key challenges for strengthening the Laotian health workforce. ...

Model updating mechanism of concept drift detection in data stream based on classifier pool

In data stream, concept drift often occurs in an unpredictable way, the classifier model which was learned from previous data is not accurate to the current data, so regular updating of the model is necessary. Moreover, updating too frequently will cause a negative impact on the clustering accuracy and the analysis of subsequent data. This paper proposed a model-updating mechanism ...

Increased expression of TROP2 in airway basal cells potentially contributes to airway remodeling in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Background The airway epithelium of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients undergoes aberrant repair and remodeling after repetitive injury following exposure to environmental factors. Abnormal airway regeneration observed in COPD is thought to originate in the stem/progenitor cells of the airway epithelium, the basal cells (BCs). However, the molecular mechanisms ...

Comparison of the complications of traditional 12 cores transrectal prostate biopsy with image fusion guided transperineal prostate biopsy

Background To compare the complications of traditional transrectal (TR) prostate biopsy and image fusion guided transperineal (TP) prostate biopsy in our center. Methods Two hundred and fourty-two patients who underwent prostate biopsy from August 2014 to January 2015were reviewed. Among them, 144 patients underwent systematic 12-core transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) guided ...

Visual and noxious electrical stimulus-evoked membrane-potential responses in anterior cingulate cortical neurons

Wang 2 3 0 Equal contributors 1 Institute and Key Laboratory of Brain Functional Genomics of Shanghai and Chinese Ministry of Education, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Brain Functional Genomics, School of

Circulating histones for predicting prognosis after cardiac surgery: a prospective study

OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to assess the perioperative changes in circulating histones and their relationships with other biomarkers and clinical outcomes after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in patients.

Macrophage-derived MCPIP1 mediates silica-induced pulmonary fibrosis via autophagy

Background Silicosis is characterized by accumulation of fibroblasts and excessive deposition of extracellular matrix. Monocyte chemotactic protein-1-induced protein 1 (MCPIP1) plays a critical role in fibrosis induced by SiO 2 . However, the details of the downstream events of MCPIP1 activity in pulmonary fibrosis remain unclear. To elucidate the role of MCPIP1-induced autophagy ...

Prevalence and risk factors for cardiovascular disease among chronic kidney disease patients: results from the Chinese cohort study of chronic kidney disease (C-STRIDE)

Background Although a high incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is observed among chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients in developed countries, limited information is available about CVD prevalence and risk factors in the Chinese CKD population. The Chinese Cohort of Chronic Kidney Disease (C-STRIDE) was established to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of CVD among ...

Genetic engineering of Pseudomonas chlororaphis GP72 for the enhanced production of 2-Hydroxyphenazine

Background The biocontrol strain Pseudomonas chlororaphis GP72 isolated from the green pepper rhizosphere synthesizes three antifungal phenazine compounds, 2-Hydroxyphenazine (2-OH-PHZ), 2-hydroxy-phenazine-1-carboxylic acid (2-OH-PCA) and phenazine-1-carboxylic acid (PCA). PCA has been a commercialized antifungal pesticide registered as “Shenqinmycin” in China since 2011. It is ...

Production of \(a_1\) in heavy meson decays

Eur. Phys. J. C Production of a1 in heavy meson decays Wei Wang 0 1 Zhen-Xing Zhao 1 0 State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Clinicopathologic analysis of lymph node status in superficial esophageal squamous carcinoma

Wei Wang 0 0 Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University , No. 300 Guangzhou Road, Nanjing 210029 , China 1 Department of Pathology, First Affiliated

Regulatory mechanisms of microRNAs in lung cancer stem cells

Increasing evidence suggests that cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a key occurrence in the process of many human cancers. Lung cancer is the most common aggressive malignancy and cause of cancer death worldwide. The research on lung cancer stem cells has been highlighted for many years. Lung CSCs seem to play a major role in lung cancer metastasis, drug resistance and ...

The study of statistical methods for evaluating the comparability of routine chemistry analytes among 3 routine laboratory measurement systems in China

Background Clinical laboratory tests are important for clinicians to make diagnostic decisions, but discrepancies may directly lead to incorrect diagnosis. We would like to introduce some statistical methods to evaluate the comparability of chemistry analytes while comparing the performances of different measurement systems. Methods We used a panel of 10 fresh-frozen single ...

Porous yet dense metal-free electro-materials for compact energy storage

Metal-free electro-materials, made of mainly conjugated carbon atoms as well as other elements, allow the development of abundant porosity and good conductivity. Most importantly, metal-free electro-materials are preferential in terms of sustainability, chemical variety and processability. Nevertheless the challenge of using metal-free materials is to increase the density. ...

Let-7 inhibits self-renewal of hepatocellular cancer stem-like cells through regulating the epithelial-mesenchymal transition and the Wnt signaling pathway

Background Tumor suppressive let-7 miRNAs are universally down-regulated in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) versus normal tissues; however, the roles and related molecular mechanisms of let-7 in HCC stem cells are poorly understood. Methods We examined the inhibitory effect of let-7 miRNAs on the proliferation of MHCC97-H and HCCLM3 hepatic cancer cells by using MTT ...

Integration of suboptimal health status and endothelial dysfunction as a new aspect for risk evaluation of cardiovascular disease

Background Suboptimal health status (SHS) is recognized as a subclinical, reversible stage of chronic disease. Association has been confirmed between SHS and cardiovascular risk factors, indicating that SHS may contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease. This study explored integrated risk assessment of cardiovascular disease by combining SHS questionnaire-25 (SHSQ-25) ...