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Drug-eluting balloon versus bare-mental stent and drug-eluting stent for de novo coronary artery disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis of 14 randomized controlled trials

Background Drug-eluting balloon (DEB) has become an alternative option to drug-eluting stent (DES) for the treatment of in-stent restenosis (ISR). However, the effect of drug-eluting balloon with regular bare-mental stent (BMS) in de novo coronary artery disease (CAD) is unclear. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the efficacy of DEB with regular BMS compared to BMS or DES in de ...

Construction and evaluation of a high-density SNP array for the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas)

Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are widely used in genetics and genomics research. The Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) is an economically and ecologically important marine bivalve, and it possesses one of the highest levels of genomic DNA variation among animal species. Pacific oyster SNPs have been extensively investigated; however, the mechanisms by which these SNPs may ...

Titanium plate fixation versus conventional approach in the treatment of deep sternal wound infection

Background Deep sternal wound infection (DSWI) is a serious complication post cardiac surgery and associated with increased mortality, morbidity and cost. Sternal titanium plate fixation could be an effective approach to treat DSWI. We sought to compare the effectiveness of titanium plate fixation with conventional approach in the treatment of DSWI. Methods Retrospective data was ...

Multiple statuses of through-wall human being detection based on compressed UWB radar data

Ultra-wideband (UWB) radar is one of the most favorable methods for through-wall human detection due to its strong penetration ability in many common non-metallic obstructions. The paper proposed the residual subspace projection method for multiple statuses of through-wall human being detection behind. And the compressed sensing method was presented to collect incomplete UWB radar ...

Special issue on resilience in steel structures

Structures”. Guest Editors Wei Wang Professor, Tongji University, China E-mail: Tak-Ming Chan Assistant Professor, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong SAR, China Yunfeng Zhang Professor, University

Facing the challenges in ophthalmology clerkship teaching: Is flipped classroom the answer?

Recent reform of medical education highlights the growing concerns about the capability of the current educational model to equip medical school students with essential skills for future career development. In the field of ophthalmology, although many attempts have been made to address the problem of the decreasing teaching time and the increasing load of course content, a growing ...

Interocular symmetry of the peripapillary choroidal thickness and retinal nerve fibre layer thickness in healthy adults with isometropia

Background The aim of this study was to determine the interocular differences in the peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL), peripapillary choroidal thickness (PCT) and subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) in healthy adults with isometropia, using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI SD-OCT). Methods One hundred healthy Chinese adults with spherical ...

Lipedematous alopecia: clinical and histological analysis of the first male Chinese

Background Lipedematous alopecia (LA) is a rare disorder clinically characterized by a thick boggy scalp and varying severity of hair loss, which primarily occurs in black female adults. In this study, we reported one male adult Chinese diagnosed with lipedematous alopecia for the first time. Case presentation A Chinese male, aged 20 years old, admitted to Shandong Provincial ...

Human perception of electrical stimulation on the surface of somatosensory cortex

Recent advancement in electrocorticography (ECoG)-based brain-computer interface technology has sparked a new interest in providing somatosensory feedback using ECoG electrodes, i.e., cortical surface electrodes. We conducted a 28-day study of cortical surface stimulation in an individual with arm paralysis due to brachial plexus injury to examine the sensation produced by ...

Association of eNOS and Cav-1 gene polymorphisms with susceptibility risk of large artery atherosclerotic stroke

Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is localized in caveole and has important effects on caveolar coordination through its interaction with caveolin-1 (Cav-1), which supports normal functioning of vascular endothelial cells. However, the relationship between genotypic polymorphisms of e-NOS and Cav-1 genes and ischemic stroke (IS) remains lesser reported. This hospital-based ...

\(B_c\rightarrow B_{sJ}\) form factors and \(B_c\) decays into \(B_{sJ}\) in covariant light-front approach

We suggest to study the \(B_{s}\) and its excitations \(B_{sJ}\) in the \(B_c\) decays. We calculate the \(B_c\rightarrow B_{sJ}\) and \(B_c\rightarrow B_{J}\) form factors within the covariant light-front quark model, where the \(B_{sJ}\) and \(B_{J}\) denote an s-wave or p-wave \(\bar{b}s\) and \(\bar{b}d\) meson, respectively. The form factors at \(q^2=0\) are directly computed ...

Size effect of Au/PAMAM contrast agent on CT imaging of reticuloendothelial system and tumor tissue

Polyamidoamine (PAMAM)-entrapped Au nanoparticles were synthesized with distinct sizes to figure out the size effect of Au-based contrast agent on CT imaging of passively targeted tissues. Au/PAMAM nanoparticles were first synthesized with narrow distribution of particles size of 22.2 ± 3.1, 54.2 ± 3.7, and 104.9 ± 4.7 nm in diameters. Size effect leads no significant difference on ...

Dexmedetomidine sedation reduces atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery compared to propofol: a randomized controlled trial

Background Atrial fibrillation occurs frequently in patients following cardiac surgery and can be a cause of increased morbidity and mortality. The use of dexmedetomidine to prevent atrial fibrillation is unclear. The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine sedation on the incidence of atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery. Methods Upon arrival to ...

Model updating mechanism of concept drift detection in data stream based on classifier pool

In data stream, concept drift often occurs in an unpredictable way, the classifier model which was learned from previous data is not accurate to the current data, so regular updating of the model is necessary. Moreover, updating too frequently will cause a negative impact on the clustering accuracy and the analysis of subsequent data. This paper proposed a model-updating mechanism ...

The chimeric Japanese encephalitis/Dengue 2 virus protects mice from challenge by both dengue virus and JEV virulent virus

funder had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Jian Yang, Huiqiang Yang, Zhushi Li, Hua Lin, Yu Zhao, Wei Wang, Shuai Tan, Xianwu

Visual and noxious electrical stimulus-evoked membrane-potential responses in anterior cingulate cortical neurons

Wang 2 3 0 Equal contributors 1 Institute and Key Laboratory of Brain Functional Genomics of Shanghai and Chinese Ministry of Education, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Brain Functional Genomics, School of

Cytokinin-Regulated Sucrose Metabolism in Stay-Green Wheat Phenotype

A wheat stay-green mutant, tasg1, was observed to exhibit significantly delayed senescence in the late developmental stage. The photosynthetic capacity of the flag leaf was greater in tasg1 than in wild type (WT) plants. In addition, the grain volume of tasg1 was significantly higher than that of WT at the early filling stage. The content of various cytokinins (CKs) in the grain ...

Analysis of the Negative-SET Behaviors in Cu/ZrO2/Pt Devices

Metal oxide-based electrochemical metallization memory (ECM) shows promising performance for next generation non-volatile memory. The negative-SET behavior has been observed in various oxide-based ECM devices. But the underlying mechanism of this behavior remains unaddressed and the role of the metal cation and oxygen vacancy in this behavior is unclear. In this work, we have ...

Analysis of the Negative-SET Behaviors in Cu/ZrO2/Pt Devices

Metal oxide-based electrochemical metallization memory (ECM) shows promising performance for next generation non-volatile memory. The negative-SET behavior has been observed in various oxide-based ECM devices. But the underlying mechanism of this behavior remains unaddressed and the role of the metal cation and oxygen vacancy in this behavior is unclear. In this work, we have ...