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Berufsbedingte Infektionskrankheiten bei Beschäftigten im Gesundheitsdienst 2017

IntroductionHealth service employees are exposed to an increased risk of infection in the care of infectious patients. The prevalence of occupational infections (BK No. 3101) can be estimated from the routine data of the statutory health insurance.MethodsData were taken from the routine data sets of the Occupational Accident Insurance Association for healthcare and welfare...

An economic analysis of patient controlled remifentanil and epidural analgesia as pain relief in labour (RAVEL trial); a randomised controlled trial

Objective To compare the costs of a strategy of patient controlled remifentanil versus epidural analgesia for pain relief in labour. Design We performed a multicentre randomised controlled trial in 15 hospitals in the Netherlands, the RAVEL trial. Costs were analysed from a health care perspective alongside the RAVEL trial. Population Pregnant women of intermediate to high risk...

A northern Chinese origin of Austronesian agriculture: new evidence on traditional Formosan cereals

BackgroundGenetic data for traditional Taiwanese (Formosan) agriculture is essential for tracing the origins on the East Asian mainland of the Austronesian language family, whose homeland is generally placed in Taiwan. Three main models for the origins of the Taiwanese Neolithic have been proposed: origins in coastal north China (Shandong); in coastal central China (Yangtze...

Home range size, vegetation density, and season influences prey use by coyotes (Canis latrans)

To ensure reproductive success, Canis species establish contiguous mosaics of territories in suitable habitats to partition space and defend limiting resources. Consequently, Canis species can exert strong effects on prey populations locally because of their year-round maintenance of territories. We assessed prey use by coyotes (Canis latrans) by sampling scats from within known...

A PET-positive rapidly growing mass of the abdominal wall after cesarean section with an unexpected diagnosis of vernix caseosa granuloma: a case report

BackgroundAbdominal wall tumors are rare and include heterogeneous diseases. Among them, desmoid tumors are the most frequent and are often diagnosed in young women during or early after pregnancy; inflammatory response after trauma or microtrauma, such as after cesarean section, may favor their growth.ResultsA 37-year-old woman presented with a progressive mass in the abdominal...

E-Zigaretten sind längst nicht so harmlos wie gehofft

Auch wenn es noch keine Daten bezüglich der Langzeitwirkung gibt, so mehren sich doch die Hinweise darauf, dass auch E-Zigaretten toxische Wirkungen in der Lunge entfalten.

Verteilungswirkungen von Staatsschulden

I propose a method by which one can derive unambiguous distribution effects of public debt policies. The benchmark is a generalized “Golden Rule of Accumulation” path. Certain deviations from that path by changes in public debt policies have unambiguous distributional effects. I provide examples for this method for the income distribution between generations as well as for the...

Conceptual model for the health technology assessment of current and novel interventions in rheumatoid arthritis

The objective of this study was to evaluate current approaches to economic modeling in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and propose a new conceptual model for evaluation of the cost-effectiveness of RA interventions. We followed recommendations from the International Society of Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research-Society of Medical Decision Making (ISPOR-SMDM) Modeling Good Research...

Outcome analyses of educational interventions: a case study of the Swedish “Boost of Technology” intervention

In Sweden, there have been multiple large scale interventions to support compulsory school teachers generally and within specific subjects. Due to the costs associated with such interventions it is critical that interim evaluation measures exist which can indicate potential success. Additionally, evaluation measures which can measure the actual impact of interventions relative to...

The Feminist Library: “History is Herstory, Too”

The Feminist Library is not a typical public library; it is an organization with roots in the historical revolution. Its history, services, and classification system are unique; its collection is irreplaceable. The purpose of this study is to document the history, resources, and organization of the Feminist Library in London, England.

Cosmopolitanism without a World? David Mitchell’s Cloud Atlas

This article argues that David Mitchell’s 2004 novel Cloud Atlas equivocates between an optimistic articulation of a global public sphere and a more pessimistic inability to offer its readers a vision in which this public sphere can be realised. I attribute this equivocation to two competing imaginaries within the novel. The first—a cosmopolitan imaginary—wishes to dispense with...

A Constitutional Case for Extending the Due Process Clause to Asylum Seekers: Revisiting the Entry Fiction After Boumediene

In the last two decades, the U.S. Supreme Court has actively grappled with balancing the interests of immigrant detainees and the federal government in the context of prolonged immigration detention by reconciling the statutory framework with constitutional guarantees of due process. The Court has focused on how prolonged detention without an opportunity for an individualized...

James MacMillan's Mass of Blessed John Henry Newman and the Culture of Liturgical Music-Making in the Scottish Catholic Church

James MacMillan composed his Mass of Blessed John Henry Newman as a congregational setting for the visit of Pope Benedict XVI to the United Kingdom in 2010. The work was heralded as the first setting of the new English Missal translation, and MacMillan expressed hope that it would make a longer-term contribution to music-making in the Roman Catholic Anglosphere. However, in...

Single-top associated production with a Z or H boson at the LHC: the SMEFT interpretation

Abstract At the LHC, top quarks can be produced singly with a sizeable rate via electroweak interactions. This process probes a limited set of top-quark electroweak couplings, i.e., the same entering the top-quark decay, yet at higher scales and with a different sensitivity. Requiring the production of a Z or H boson in association with single-top significantly extends the...

A stochastic model of myeloid cell lineages in hematopoiesis and pathway mutations in acute myeloid leukemia

A model for hematopoiesis is presented that explicitly includes the erythrocyte, granulocyte, and thrombocyte lineages and their common precursors. A small number of stem cells proliferate and differentiate through different compartments to produce the vast number of blood cells needed every day. Growth factors regulate the proliferation of cells dependent on the current demand...

Hierarchical complexity control algorithm for HEVC based on coding unit depth decision

The next-generation High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) standard reduces the bit rate by 44% on average compared to the previous-generation H.264 standard, resulting in higher encoding complexity. To achieve normal video coding in power-constrained devices and minimize the rate distortion degradation, this paper proposes a hierarchical complexity control algorithm for HEVC on the...

Deep analysis of immune response and metabolic signature in children with food protein induced enterocolitis to cow’s milk

Food Protein-Induced Enterocolitis Syndrome (FPIES) is considered to be a non-IgE mediated food allergy. However, its pathogenesis remains poorly understood and biomarkers are lacking. We aimed to perform in-depth characterization of humoral and cellular immune responses in children with cow’s milk (CM)-FPIES and investigated whether there is a FPIES metabolomic signature...