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51 papers found.
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Reactive oxygen species-mediated apoptosis contributes to chemosensitization effect of saikosaponins on cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity in cancer cells

Background Saikosaponin-a and -d, two naturally occurring compounds derived from Bupleurum radix, have been shown to exert anti-cancer activity in several cancer cell lines. However, the effect of combination of saikosaponins with chemotherapeutic drugs has never been addressed. Thus, we investigated whether these two saikosaponins have chemosensitization effect on cisplatin...

The association between ATM D1853N polymorphism and breast cancer susceptibility: a meta-analysis

Background Emerging evidence suggests that ataxia telangiectasia-mutated (ATM) is involved in numerous damage repair signaling pathways and cell-cycle checkpoints. Heterozygous carriers of ATM-mutations have an increased risk for the development of breast cancer. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the association between ATM exon39 5557G > A (D1853N, rs1801516) polymorphism...

SOX9 Governs Differentiation Stage-Specific Gene Expression in Growth Plate Chondrocytes via Direct Concomitant Transactivation and Repression

Cartilage and endochondral bone development require SOX9 activity to regulate chondrogenesis, chondrocyte proliferation, and transition to a non-mitotic hypertrophic state. The restricted and reciprocal expression of the collagen X gene, Col10a1, in hypertrophic chondrocytes and Sox9 in immature chondrocytes epitomise the precise spatiotemporal control of gene expression as...

The association between MLH1 -93 G>A polymorphism of DNA mismatch repair and cancer susceptibility: a meta-analysis

DNA mismatch repair, known as a fundamentally biological pathway, plays key roles in maintaining genomic stability, eliminating mismatch bases and preventing both mutagenesis in the short term and cancerogenesis in the long term. Polymorphisms of MLH1 in individuals may have an effect on the DNA repair capacity and therefore on cancer risk. Recently, emerging studies have been...

Exploiting noise in array CGH data to improve detection of DNA copy number change

2122412883; Fax: +1 2128492643; Email: *Correspondence may also be addressed to Jian-Bo Gao. Tel: +1 3523920918; Fax: +1 3523920044; Email: - Developing effective methods for analyzing arrayCGH data to

RhoA/Rho-Kinase Contribute to the Pathogenesis of Diabetic Renal Disease

Fangfang Peng Dongcheng Wu Bo Gao Alistair J. Ingram Baifang Zhang Katherine Chorneyko Rick McKenzie Joan C. Krepinsky OBJECTIVE-Accumulation of glomerular matrix proteins is central to the

R497K polymorphism in epidermal growth factor receptor gene is associated with the risk of acute coronary syndrome

Background Previous studies suggested that genetic polymorphisms in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene had been implicated in the susceptibility to some tumors and inflammatory diseases. EGFR has been recently implicated in vascular pathophysiological processes associated with excessive remodeling and atherosclerosis. Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a clinical...

Missense mutations in IHH impair Indian Hedgehog signaling in C3H10T1/2 cells: Implications for brachydactyly type A1, and new targets for Hedgehog signaling

Heterozygous missense mutations in IHH result in Brachydactyly type A1 (BDA1; OMIM 112500), a condition characterized by the shortening of digits due to hypoplasia/aplasia of the middle phalanx. Indian Hedgehog signaling regulates the proliferation and differentiation of chondrocytes and is essential for endochondral bone formation. Analyses of activated IHH signaling in C3H10T1...

ABCA Transporter Gene Expression and Poor Outcome in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

Background ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters play various roles in cancer biology and drug resistance, but their association with outcomes in serous epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is unknown.

The association of interleukin-16 polymorphisms with IL-16 serum levels and risk of colorectal and gastric cancer

Interleukin (IL)-16, a multifunctional cytokine, plays a fundamental role in inflammatory diseases, as well as in the development and progression of tumors. Genetic variation in the DNA sequence of the IL-16 gene may lead to altered cytokine production and/or activity, and this variation may modulate an individual's susceptibility to both colorectal cancer (CRC) and gastric...