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342 papers found.
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Metabolic engineering of oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica for limonene overproduction

Background Limonene, a monocyclic monoterpene, is known for its using as an important precursor of many flavoring, pharmaceutical, and biodiesel products. Currently, d-limonene has been produced via fractionation from essential oils or as a byproduct of orange juice production, however, considering the increasing need for limonene and a certain amount of pesticides may exist in...

TRPA1 as a drug target—promise and challenges

Jun Chen 0 David H. Hackos 0 0 D. H. Hackos Department of Neuroscience, Genentech , South San Francisco, CA 94080 , USA 1 ) Department of Biochemical and Cellular Pharmacology, Genentech , South

Temperature-Related Reaction Norms of Gene Expression: Regulatory Architecture and Functional Implications

The environment has profound effects on the expression of many traits and reaction norms describe the expression dynamics of a trait across a broad range of environmental conditions. Here, we analyze gene expression in Drosophila melanogaster across four different developmental temperatures (13–29 °C). Gene expression is highly plastic with 83.3% of the genes being differentially...

Asymmetric exponential amplification reaction on a toehold/biotin featured template: an ultrasensitive and specific strategy for isothermal microRNAs analysis

The sensitive and specific analysis of microRNAs (miRNAs) without using a thermal cycler instrument is significant and would greatly facilitate biological research and disease diagnostics. Although exponential amplification reaction (EXPAR) is the most attractive strategy for the isothermal analysis of miRNAs, its intrinsic limitations of detection efficiency and inevitable non...

Synthesis and Cytotoxicity Evaluation of Tropinone Derivatives

-Jun Chen 0 1 2 0 C.-A. Geng T.-H. Yang T.-Z. Li X.-M. Zhang J.-J. Chen Yunnan Key Laboratory of Natural Medicinal Chemistry, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Kunming 650201

PET/CT-guided percutaneous biopsy of FDG-avid metastatic bone lesions in patients with advanced lung cancer: a safe and effective technique

Purpose 18F-FDG PET/CT should be performed before a diagnostic biopsy site is chosen in patients with a high clinical suspicion of aggressive, advanced tumour. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of 18F-FDG PET/CT in guiding biopsy of bone metastases in patients with advanced lung cancer. Methods PET/CT-guided percutaneous core biopsies were performed in...

Exploration of inhibitory mechanisms of curcumin in lung cancer metastasis using a miRNA- transcription factor-target gene network

The present study was aimed to unravel the inhibitory mechanisms of curcumin for lung cancer metastasis via constructing a miRNA-transcription factor (TF)-target gene network. Differentially expressed miRNAs between human high-metastatic non-small cell lung cancer 95D cells treated with and without curcumin were identified using a TaqMan human miRNA array followed by real-time...

Cooperation of Genomic and Rapid Nongenomic Actions of Estrogens in Synaptic Plasticity

Neuroplasticity refers to the changes in the molecular and cellular processes of neural circuits that occur in response to environmental experiences. Clinical and experimental studies have increasingly shown that estrogens participate in the neuroplasticity involved in cognition, behavior, and memory. It is generally accepted that estrogens exert their effects through genomic...

Temperature Stress Mediates Decanalization and Dominance of Gene Expression in Drosophila melanogaster

The regulatory architecture of gene expression remains an area of active research. Here, we studied how the interplay of genetic and environmental variation affects gene expression by exposing Drosophila melanogaster strains to four different developmental temperatures. At 18°C we observed almost complete canalization with only very few allelic effects on gene expression. In...

Local and distant trauma after hypervelocity ballistic impact to the pig hind limb

The development of high-energy weapons could increase the velocity of projectiles to well over 1000 m/s. The nature of the injuries caused by the ballistic impact of projectiles at velocities much faster than 1000 m/s is unclear. This study characterizes the mechanical and biochemical alterations caused by high-speed ballistic impact generated by spherical steel ball to the hind...

Social defeat stress causes depression-like behavior with metabolite changes in the prefrontal cortex of rats

Major depressive disorder is a serious mental disorder with high morbidity and mortality. The role of social stress in the development of depression remains unclear. Here, we used the social defeat stress paradigm to induce depression-like behavior in rats, then evaluated the behavior of the rats and measured metabolic changes in the prefrontal cortex using gas chromatography...

Diagnostic performance analysis for diabetic cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy based on short-term heart rate variability using Bayesian methods: preliminary analysis

Objectives This study aimed to estimate the performance of diabetic cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (DCAN) diagnostic tests in the absence of a gold standard. Background The DCAN prevalence is rapidly growing in all populations worldwide. No document has been reported about diagnostic performance for DCAN based on short-term HRV without a gold standard. Methods We conducted a...

Dental caries is negatively correlated with body mass index among 7-9 years old children in Guangzhou, China

Background Evidence linking caries in primary dentition and children’s anthropometric measures is contradictory. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of primary dental caries and its relationship with body mass index (BMI) among 7-9 years old school children in urban Guangzhou, China. Methods This cross-sectional study enrolled 32,461 pupils (14,778 girls and 17,683 boys) aged 7-9...

Machine Learning Classification of Cirrhotic Patients with and without Minimal Hepatic Encephalopathy Based on Regional Homogeneity of Intrinsic Brain Activity

Machine learning-based approaches play an important role in examining functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data in a multivariate manner and extracting features predictive of group membership. This study was performed to assess the potential for measuring brain intrinsic activity to identify minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) in cirrhotic patients, using the support...

Increased risk of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo in patients with anxiety disorders: a nationwide population-based retrospective cohort study

to the NHIRD (http://nhird.nhri.org.tw). Authors’ contributions Zi-Jun Chen, Cheng-Ho Chang, and Li-Yu Hu participated in the design of the study, analyzed the data, and wrote the manuscript. Ming

Differential gene expression in patients with subsyndromal symptomatic depression and major depressive disorder

Background Subsyndromal symptomatic depression (SSD) is a subtype of subthreshold depressive and can lead to significant psychosocial functional impairment. Although the pathogenesis of major depressive disorder (MDD) and SSD still remains poorly understood, a set of studies have found that many same genetic factors play important roles in the etiology of these two disorders...

Liver-Enriched Gene 1, a Glycosylated Secretory Protein, Binds to FGFR and Mediates an Anti-stress Pathway to Protect Liver Development in Zebrafish

Unlike mammals and birds, teleost fish undergo external embryogenesis, and therefore their embryos are constantly challenged by stresses from their living environment. These stresses, when becoming too harsh, will cause arrest of cell proliferation, abnormal cell death or senescence. Such organisms have to evolve a sophisticated anti-stress mechanism to protect the process of...