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Model-based analysis of fatigued human knee extensors

This study investigated the effect of isometrically induced fatigue on Hill-type muscle model parameters and related task-dependent effects. Parameter identification methods were used to extract fatigue-related parameter trends from isometric and ballistic dynamic maximum voluntary knee extensions. Nine subjects, who completed ten fatiguing sets, each consisting of nine 3 s...

Comparing the DSM-5 construct of Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder and ICD-10 Mixed Disorder of Emotion and Conduct in the UK Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms (UK-LAMS) Study

It is important to understand new diagnostic entities in classifications of psychopathology such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 (DSM-5) (code F34.8) construct of Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD) and to compare it with possible equivalent disorders in other classificatory systems such as the International Classification of Diseases-10...

Aspects of Modern Biobank Activity – Comprehensive Review

Biobanks play an increasing role in contemporary research projects. These units meet all requirements to regard them as a one of the most innovative and up-to-date in the field of biomedical research. They enable conducting wide-scale research by the professional collection of biological specimens and correlated clinical data. Pathology units may be perceived roots of biobanking...

Collective Responsibility Gaps

Which kinds of responsibility can we attribute to which kinds of collective, and why? In contrast, which kinds of collective responsibility can we not attribute—which kinds are ‘gappy’? This study provides a framework for answering these questions. It begins by distinguishing between three kinds of collective (diffuse, teleological, and agential) and three kinds of responsibility...

The research of query expansion based on medical terms reweighting in medical information retrieval

In recent years, information retrieval technology is widely used in the medical industry. How to effectively retrieve electronic medical record has become a hot issue in the field of information retrieval. Medical terms occupy an important position in the electronic medical record (EMR) retrieval, and they are usually used to limit the retrieval conditions, so they suggest the...

Study on the interaction between active components from traditional Chinese medicine and plasma proteins

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), as a unique form of natural medicine, has been used in Chinese traditional therapeutic systems over two thousand years. Active components in Chinese herbal medicine are the material basis for the prevention and treatment of diseases. Research on drug-protein binding is one of the important contents in the study of early stage clinical...

Analysis of Acoustic Emission Propagation in Metal-to-Metal Adhesively Bonded Joints

Acoustic emission (AE) monitoring shows promise as one of the most effective methods for condition monitoring of adhesively-bonded joints. Previous research has demonstrated its ability to detect, locate and classify adhesive joint failure, though in these studies little attention appears to have been paid to the differences in AE wave propagation through the bonded and un-bonded...

A Chinese version of the Language Screening Test (CLAST) for early-stage stroke patients

There is a severe lack of aphasia screening tools for bedside use in Chinese. A number of aphasia assessment tools have recently been developed abroad, but some of these scales were not suitable for patients with acute stroke. The Language Screening Test (which includes two parallel versions [a/b]) in French has been proven to be an effective and time-saving aphasia screening...

Diversity and distribution of Arctic Echinoderes species (Kinorhyncha: Cyclorhagida), with the description of one new species and a redescription of E. arlis Higgins, 1966

The kinorhynch fauna from Svalbard and the Arctic Ocean north of Svalbard was explored, and a total of nine species of Echinoderes was identified. Two species were new to science, and one, Echinoderes balerioni sp. nov., is described. Echinoderes balerioni sp. nov. is characterized by the presence of short middorsal spines on segments 4, 6, and 8, and in lateroventral positions...

When individual life history matters: conditions for juvenile-adult stage structure effects on population dynamics

Ecological theory about the dynamics of interacting populations is mainly based on unstructured models that account for species abundances only. In turn, these models constitute the basis for our understanding of the functioning of ecological communities and ecosystems and their responses to environmental change, natural disturbances and human impacts. Structured models that take...

Evidence of distinct RELN and TGFB1 genetic associations in familial and non-familial otosclerosis in a British population

Otosclerosis is a common form of hearing loss which typically presents in young adults. The disease has a familial, monogenic form and a non-familial form with a more complex aetiology. A previous genome wide association study identified evidence that variants within RELN are associated with the condition. Other genes in which an association has been reported include BMP2, COL1A1...

Priestley’s views on the composition of water and related airs

In some views in the history, philosophy and social studies of chemistry, Joseph Priestley is at least as well-known and cited for his objections to the new chemistry and his promotion of his own late version of the theory of phlogiston, as for his early series of discoveries about types of air for which he had become famous. These citations are generally not associated with any...