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Preventing Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection Among Sexual Assault Survivors in Cape Town, South Africa: An Observational Study

, University of California Los Angeles , Los Angeles, CA, USA 5 E. Arend Gender Action, Washington, DC, USA 6 P. Batra Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons , New York, NY, USA 7 A. Maw

Evaluation of telomere length in cumulus cells as a potential biomarker of oocyte and embryo quality†

Council, Taiwan (NSC 97-2314-B-040-018) to Maw-Sheng Lee by the Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan. Conflict of interest None declared.

Up-Regulation of MicroRNA-190b Plays a Role for Decreased IGF-1 That Induces Insulin Resistance in Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Background & Aims Insulin-like growth factor, (IGF)-1, is produced mainly by the liver and plays important roles in promoting growth and regulating metabolism. Previous study reported that development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was accompanied by a significant reduction in serum IGF-1 levels. Here, we hypothesized that dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNA) in HCC can modulate...

Associated Factors for Falls among the Community-Dwelling Older People Assessed by Annual Geriatric Health Examinations

Background Falls are very common among the older people. Nearly one-third older people living in a community fall each year. However, few studies have examined factors associated with falls in a community-dwelling population of older Taiwanese adults. Objectives To identify the associated factors for falls during the previous 12 months among the community-dwelling Taiwanese older...

Barcoding Bugs: DNA-Based Identification of the True Bugs (Insecta: Hemiptera: Heteroptera)

the Geometrid fauna of Bavaria (Lepidoptera): successes, surprises, and questions . PLoS ONE 6 ( 2 ) : e17134 . doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0017134. 16. Foottit RG , Maw HEL , von Dohlen CD , Hebert PDN

Allele-specific polymerase chain reaction for the detection of Alzheimer’s disease-related single nucleotide polymorphisms

Mohd Nazif Darawi 0 Chin Ai-Vyrn Kalavathy Ramasamy Philip Poi Jun Hua Tan Maw Pin Shahrul Bahyah Kamaruzzaman Abu Bakar Abdul Majeed 0 0 Brain Science Research Laboratory, Faculty of Pharmacy

Automatic Image Interpolation Using Homography

While taking photographs, we often face the problem that unwanted foreground objects (e.g., vehicles, signs, and pedestrians) occlude the main subject(s). We propose to apply image interpolation (also known as inpainting) techniques to remove unwanted objects in the photographs and to automatically patch the vacancy after the unwanted objects are removed. When given only a single...

A single-nucleotide polymorphism of the DAZL gene promoter confers susceptibility to spermatogenic failure in the Taiwanese Han

BACKGROUND Deleted in AZoospermia-like (DAZL) is an autosomal homologue of Y chromosome-linked DAZ gene located on chromosome 3p24. DAZL is only expressed in the gonads and is critical to germ cell development in different species. However, the regulation of DAZL has not been explored.

SCAMP: standardised, concentrated, additional macronutrients, parenteral nutrition in very preterm infants: a phase IV randomised, controlled exploratory study of macronutrient intake, growth and other aspects of neonatal care

Background Infants born <29 weeks gestation are at high risk of neurocognitive disability. Early postnatal growth failure, particularly head growth, is an important and potentially reversible risk factor for impaired neurodevelopmental outcome. Inadequate nutrition is a major factor in this postnatal growth failure, optimal protein and calorie (macronutrient) intakes are rarely...

Results of carotid sinus massage in a tertiary referral unit—is carotid sinus syndrome still relevant?

Background: carotid sinus hypersensitivity (CSH) is associated with syncope, drop attacks and unexplained falls in older people. However, a recent study has also reported a prevalence of 35% in asymptomatic community-dwelling older people.

Downregulation of alpha-fetoprotein expression by LHX4: a critical role in hepatocarcinogenesis

LHX4 is a member of the LIM-homeobox family and plays a critical role in pituitary development and differentiation. Several lines of evidences have reported their aberrant expression in cancers. However, the exact roles of LHX4 in carcinogenesis remain unclear. In this study, LHX4 expression was analyzed in tumor and paired non-tumor tissues obtained from patients with...


information , please contact 1 National University of Singapore Maw Der Foo Recommended Citation - Article 7 Wong National University of Singapore Leung et al.: EFFECTS OF OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE SUMMARY

Mechanisms underlying Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae exotoxin ApxI induced expression of IL-1β, IL-8 and TNF-α in porcine alveolar macrophages

Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (A. pleuropneumoniae) causes fibrino-hemorrhagic necrotizing pleuropneumonia in pigs. Production of proinflammatory mediators in the lungs is an important feature of A. pleuropneumoniae infection. However, bacterial components other than lipopolysaccharide involved in this process remain unidentified. The goals of this study were to determine the...

Long-term survival in a patient with repeated resections for lung metastasis after hepatectomy for ruptured hepatocellular carcinoma: a case report

Introduction Tumor rupture and pulmonary metastasis in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma are both associated with poor prognosis and treatment strategies are controversial. Case presentation Here we report a 50-year-old man with survival of over 90 months after undergoing an extended right lobectomy for a ruptured hepatocellular carcinoma and then repeated resections for...

Impact of female age and male infertility on ovarian reserve markers to predict outcome of assisted reproduction technology cycles

Background This study was designed to assess the capability of ovarian reserve markers, including baseline FSH levels, baseline anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels, and antral follicle count (AFC), as predictors of live births during IVF cycles, especially for infertile couples with advanced maternal age and/or male factors. Methods A prospective cohort of 336 first IVF/ICSI...

Longitudinal Analysis of Serological Responses of Adults to Helicobacter pylori Antigens

Because Helicobacter pylori persist for decades in the human stomach, the aim of this study was to examine the long-term course of H. pylori-specific serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) responses with respect to subclass and antigenic target. We studied paired serum samples obtained in 1973 and in 1994 in Vammala, Finland, from 64 healthy H. pylori-positive adults and from other healthy...

Granzyme G is expressed in the two-cell stage mouse embryo and is required for the maternal-zygotic transition

Background Detailed knowledge of the molecular and cellular mechanisms that direct spatial and temporal gene expression in pre-implantation embryos is critical for understanding the control of the maternal-zygotic transition and cell differentiation in early embryonic development. In this study, twenty-three clones, expressed at different stages of early mouse development, were...