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An approach for the identification of exemplar sites for scaling up targeted field observations of benthic biogeochemistry in heterogeneous environments

Continental shelf sediments are globally important for biogeochemical activity. Quantification of shelf-scale stocks and fluxes of carbon and nutrients requires the extrapolation of observations made at limited points in space and time. The procedure for selecting exemplar sites to form the basis of this up-scaling is discussed in relation to a UK-funded research programme ...

Maximizing Opportunities: Family Planning and Maternal, Infant, and Young Child Nutrition Integration in Bondo Sub-County, Kenya

Purpose This article shares learning from an innovative demonstration program integrating maternal, infant, and young child nutrition (MIYCN) and family planning (FP) services in western Kenya, providing recommendations for future work to expand MIYCN and FP integration. Description Six health facilities reorganized to integrate MIYCN and FP services and community health volunteers ...

Melatonin Alleviates Intracerebral Hemorrhage-Induced Secondary Brain Injury in Rats via Suppressing Apoptosis, Inflammation, Oxidative Stress, DNA Damage, and Mitochondria Injury

Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a cerebrovascular disease with high mortality and morbidity, and the effective treatment is still lacking. We designed this study to investigate the therapeutic effects and mechanisms of melatonin on the secondary brain injury (SBI) after ICH. An in vivo ICH model was induced via autologous whole blood injection into the right basal ganglia in ...

Characteristics of gluten-free bread: quality improvement by the addition of starches/hydrocolloids and their combinations using a definitive screening design

To establish factors affecting the quality of gluten-free bread based on rice semolina supplemented with field bean semolina and improving its final quality, a new study with definitive screening design was conducted after an appropriate choice of six factors: agar–agar, water, two types of gums gum arabic and locust bean gum, and two types of starches tapioca starch and corn ...

Expanded Gene Panel Use for Women With Breast Cancer: Identification and Intervention Beyond Breast Cancer Risk

Background Clinicians ordering multi-gene next-generation sequencing panels for hereditary breast cancer risk have a variety of test panel options. Many panels include lesser known breast cancer genes or genes associated with other cancers. The authors hypothesized that using broader gene panels increases the identification of clinically significant findings, some relevant and ...

The Paradox of Rising Ethnic Prejudice in Times of Educational Expansion and Secularization in the Netherlands, 1985–2011

We aim to clarify a puzzling paradox: while shares of highly educated and non-religious individuals—who generally hold less prejudice—have increased in the Netherlands, levels of prejudice against ethnic minorities have yet risen over time. To solve the paradox, we use cross-sectional data from 1985 to 2011 in counterfactual analyses. In these analyses we simulate that levels of ...

Invasions Slow Down or Collapse in the Presence of Reactive Boundaries

Motivated by the propagation of thin bacterial films around planar obstacles, this paper considers the dynamics of travelling wave solutions to the Fisher–KPP equation \(u_t = u(1-u) + u_{xx} + u_{yy}\) in a planar strip \(-\infty0\), at \(y=0\). The presence of boundary conditions of this kind leads to the development of front solutions that propagate in x but contain transverse ...

Polarisations of the Z and W bosons in the processes pp → ZH and pp → W ± H

The Z boson in the process pp → ZH and the W + and W − in the process pp → W ± H can be in polarised states. The polarisation density matrix of the Z (W) boson contains the complete information about a state of polarisation of the Z (W) boson, and HZZ, HZγ and HWW interactions may be studied in detail from a careful analysis of these matrices. In this paper, a systematic approach ...

Natural springs in northwest Saudi Arabia

Several springs have been known in Saudi Arabia for hundreds of years on which many old settlements were dependent for both domestic uses and irrigation purposes. However, by the late 1980s, most of the springs in the central and eastern parts of the country dried up or ceased to flow as a result of extensive withdrawals of groundwater mainly for agricultural purposes. With the ...

Studying the intervention of an unusual term in f(T) gravity via the Noether symmetry approach

As has been done before, we study an unknown coupling function, i.e. \(F(\varphi )\), together with a function of torsion and also curvature, i.e. f(T) and f(R), generally depending upon a scalar field. In the f(R) case, it comes from quantum correlations and other sources. Now, what if beside this term in f(T) gravity context, we enhance the action through another term which ...

LHC phenomenology of composite 2-Higgs doublet models

We investigate the phenomenology of Composite 2-Higgs doublet models (C2HDMs) of various Yukawa types based on the global symmetry breaking \(SO(6)\rightarrow SO(4)\times SO(2)\). The kinetic part and the Yukawa Lagrangian are constructed in terms of the pseudo Nambu–Goldstone Boson (pNGB) matrix and a 6-plet of fermions under SO(6). The scalar potential is assumed to be the same ...

A simple method to detect spontaneous CP violation in multi-Higgs models

For models with several Higgs doublets we present an alternative method to the one proposed by Branco, Gerard and Grimus, in 1984, to check whether or not CP is spontaneously violated in the Higgs potential. The previous method is powerful and rigorous. It requires the identification of a matrix U corresponding to a symmetry of the Lagrangian and verifying a simple relation ...

Non-analyticity of holographic Rényi entropy in Lovelock gravity

We compute holographic Rényi entropies for spherical entangling surfaces on the boundary while considering third order Lovelock gravity with negative cosmological constant in the bulk. Our study shows that third order Lovelock black holes with hyperbolic event horizon are unstable, and at low temperatures those with smaller mass are favoured, giving rise to first order phase ...

On the Collision Nature of Two Coronal Mass Ejections: A Review

Observational and numerical studies have shown that the kinematic characteristics of two or more coronal mass ejections (CMEs) may change significantly after a CME collision. The collision of CMEs can have a different nature, i.e. inelastic, elastic, and superelastic processes, depending on their initial kinematic characteristics. In this article, we first review the existing ...

Thermo-mechanical characterization of construction material lightened by olive pomace

The development of porous materials requires a thorough knowledge of their physical properties. When used as thermal insulation, the properties that govern their insulating capacity are thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity and specific heat. The presence of moisture, some of its origin, in buildings causes damage to walls that extend from the formation of mold in complete ...