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Survey of the TS-ECE Discrepancy and recent investigations in ICRF heated plasmas at Alcator C-Mod

This paper reports on a new investigation of the long-standing, unresolved discrepancy between Thomson Scattering (TS) and Electron Cyclotron Emission (ECE) measurements of electron temperature in high temperature tokamak plasmas. At the Alcator C-Mod tokamak, ion cyclotron range of frequency (ICRF) heating is used to produce high temperature conditions where the TS- ECE...

The influence of habitat boundaries on evolutionary branching along environmental gradients

It is well known that habitat boundaries affect ecological dynamics, but their influence on evolutionary dynamics is less well understood. Here, we study the effects of different kinds of boundaries on evolutionary branching in clonal populations along environmental gradients by systematically analyzing individual-based stochastic models in small- and large-range systems, as well...

Influence of the initial chemical conditions on the rational design of silica particles

The influence of the water content in the initial composition on the size of silica particles produced using the Stöber process is well known. We have shown that there are three morphological regimes defined by compositional boundaries. At low water levels (below stoichiometric ratio of water:tetraethoxysilane), very high surface area and aggregated structures are formed; at high...

Demenz-Schulungen auf dem Prüfstand

Weltweit sind durchschnittlich 47,5 Millionen Menschen an Demenz erkrankt. In etwa 20 Jahren werden insgesamt 135,5 Demenzkranke erwartet. Um die Versorgung der Patienten gewährleisten zu können, muss das Pflegepersonal theoretisch und praktisch gut vorbereitet sein.

Post-Digital Era Reconciliation Between United States and European Union Privacy Law Enforcement

ernet dependence. While the United States is relying on a piecemeal approach to data privacy regulation and enforcement, the European Union drafted the General Data Protection Regulation, which is a comprehensive data protection regulation that applies to any company doing business in the European Union. It is no longer feasible to allow a dichotomy of enforcement for a data...

A Roof of One's Own: Widow Walking in the Anthropocene

A nonfiction work that explores widow's walks in a time of climate change on the coasts. This piece walks the lines between speculative fiction and lyrical essay.

Species diversity of the genus Riccia L. (Marchantiales, Ricciaceae) in Maranhão state, Brazil

Ricciaceae is a little-known liverwort family in northeastern Brazil. Fieldwork in 4 localities in Maranhão state yielded 4 species of Riccia, with 2 taxa, R. mauryana and R. weinionis, representing new state records. This paper describes the species diversity of the genus Riccia in Maranhão state, and provides descriptions, ecological notes, and illustrations for each species.

Using Sepsis-3 criteria to predict prognosis of patients receiving continuous renal replacement therapy for community-acquired sepsis: a retrospective observational study

BackgroundThe definition and guideline of sepsis and septic shock were recently updated. The aim of this study is to evaluate the ability of Third Consensus Definitions of Sepsis and Septic Shock (Sepsis-3) to predict outcomes among patients with community-acquired sepsis receiving continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT).MethodsWe conducted a retrospective observational study...

Following the primordial perturbations through a bounce with AdS/CFT correspondence

A bounce universe model, known as the coupled-scalar-tachyon bounce (CSTB) universe, has been shown to solve the Horizon, Flatness and Homogeneity problems as well as the Big Bang singularity problem. Furthermore a scale invariant spectrum of primordial density perturbations generated from the phase of pre-bounce contraction is shown to be stable against time evolution. In this...

Binaural localization of musical pitch using interaural time differences in congenital amusia

Naturally occurring sounds are routinely periodic. The ability to phase-lock to such periodicity facilitates pitch perception and interaural time differences (ITDs) determination in binaural localization. We examined whether deficient pitch processing in individuals with congenital amusia (tone deafness) is accompanied by impaired ability to lateralize musical pitch at auditory...

Depressive symptoms are associated with a functional polymorphism in a miR-433 binding site in the FGF20 gene

Genetic studies of major depressive disorder and its associated endophenotypes are useful for the identification of candidate genes. In recent years, variations in non-coding RNA genes, such as miRNAs, have been explored as novel candidates for psychiatric disorders and related endophenotypes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the possible association between a...

The Extreme Climate Event Database (EXCEED): Development of a picture database composed of drought and flood stimuli

The present study introduces the Extreme Climate Event Database (EXCEED), a picture database intended to induce emotionally salient stimuli reactions in the context of natural hazards associated with global climate change and related extreme events. The creation of the database was motivated by the need to better understand the impact that the increase in natural disasters...

Genocide, Oppression, Ambivalence: Online Narratives of Identity and Religion in Postcolonial Nigeria

Digital media platforms have emerged as important socio-cultural sites that enable the engagement of historical and contemporary contestations around religion and identity against the background of ethnoreligious conflicts and social tensions in Nigeria. The post-election violence of 2011 and subsequent mass killings of mostly Christians in rural Southern Kaduna saw the emergence...

No difference in effectiveness of treatment simplification to boosted or unboosted atazanavir plus lamivudine in virologically suppressed in HIV-1-infected patients

Background Simplification strategies of antiretroviral treatment represent effective tools for the reduction of drug-induced toxicity, resistance mutations in case of virological failure and costs. Objectives To assess the effectiveness of simplification to atazanavir/ritonavir (ATVrtv) or unboosted atazanavir (ATV400) plus lamivudine, and if low plasma or intracellular ATV...

No evidence for morphometric associations of the amygdala and hippocampus with the five-factor model personality traits in relatively healthy young adults

Despite the important functional role of the amygdala and hippocampus in socioemotional functioning, there have been limited adequately powered studies testing how the structure of these regions relates to putatively relevant personality traits such as neuroticism. Additionally, recent advances in MRI analysis methods provide unprecedented accuracy in measuring these structures...