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342 papers found.
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B7H1 Expression and Epithelial-To-Mesenchymal Transition Phenotypes on Colorectal Cancer Stem-Like Cells

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) can invade and metastasize by epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). However, how they escape immune surveillance is unclear. B7H1 is crucial negative co-stimulatory molecule but little information about whether it works in CSCs. Therefore, we determined the expression of B7H1 and EMT-associated markers in colorectal cancer stem-like cells to...

Computational methods for the zero-stress state and the pre-stress state of tensile cable-net structures

This paper proposes an extended design concept and mechanical description for cable-net structures, including 10 states and 15 procedures which are defined according to their physical nature and analytical capabilities. In the pre-stress release analysis, an iterative computational method is developed for the inverse evaluation from the equilibrium state to the zero-stress state...

Sarcoidosis misdiagnosed as malignant tumors: a case report

Song Xu 1 Jun Chen 1 0 Equal contributors 1 Department of Lung Cancer Surgery, Lung Cancer Institute, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital , No. 154 Anshan Road, Heping District, Tianjin 300052 ... manuscript. Education Ministry (to Song Xu), Tianjin Science and Technology Support Program (12ZCDZSY16100 to Jun Chen), and Tianjin Educational Committee Foundation (20120117 to Song Xu). 1. Colby TV

Causes, clinical features and outcomes of drug-induced liver injury in hospitalized patients in a Chinese tertiary care hospital

Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is an important liver disease in China, owing to the country’s huge population and the availability of a multitude of drugs. Consequently, DILI is becoming an increasingly serious health problem. However, there is not enough relevant epidemiological data, and the clinical features of these patients are not clear. We conducted this study to report...

A Neural Network Model for K(λ) Retrieval and Application to Global Kpar Monitoring

Accurate estimation of diffuse attenuation coefficients in the visible wavelengths Kd(λ) from remotely sensed data is particularly challenging in global oceanic and coastal waters. The objectives of the present study are to evaluate the applicability of a semi-analytical Kd(λ) retrieval model (SAKM) and Jamet’s neural network model (JNNM), and then develop a new neural network Kd...

Salidroside prevents cognitive impairment induced by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion in rats

Objective To investigate the effects of salidroside on cognitive dysfunction induced by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion in rats.

Serial cfDNA assessment of response and resistance to EGFR-TKI for patients with EGFR-L858R mutant lung cancer from a prospective clinical trial

Background Detecting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activating mutations in plasma could guide EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) treatment for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, dynamic quantitative changes of plasma EGFR mutations during the whole course of EGFR-TKI treatment and its correlation with clinical outcomes were not determined. The...

Vitamin D Receptor Gene FOKI Polymorphism Contributes to Increasing the Risk of HIV-Negative Tuberculosis: Evidence from a Meta-Analysis

Background Vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene FokI polymorphism have been studied in relation to tuberculosis (TB) in many populations and provided inconsistent results. In this study, we carried out a meta-analysis to derive a more reliable assessment on FokI polymorphism and the risk of HIV-negative TB. Methods The Embase, PubMed, and Cochrane Library databases were used to...

The association between S100A13 and HMGA1 in the modulation of thyroid cancer proliferation and invasion

Background S100A13 and high mobility group A (HMGA1) are known to play essential roles in the carcinogenesis and progression of cancer. However, the correlation between S100A13 and HMGA1 during cancer progression is not yet well understood. In this study, we determined the effects of S100A13 on HMGA1 expression in thyroid cancer cells and examined the role of HMGA1 in thyroid...

Enterovirus-related diarrhoea in Guangdong, China: clinical features and implications in hand, foot and mouth disease and herpangina

Background A series of complications caused by enteroviruses, including meningitis, encephalitis, acute flaccid paralysis, acute cardiopulmonary failure, respiratory infection, and myocardial injury have been reported in hand, foot and mouth disease/herpangina (HFMD/HA). However, the complication of diarrhoea caused by enteroviruses has been neglected, and a summary of its...

Toward the brain matrix of pain

Jun CHEN 0 1 0 Institute for Biomedical Sciences of Pain, Capital Medical University , Beijing 100069, China 1 Institute for Biomedical Sciences of Pain and Institute for Functional Brain Disorders

Haploinsufficiency of Def Activates p53-Dependent TGFβ Signalling and Causes Scar Formation after Partial Hepatectomy

The metazoan liver exhibits a remarkable capacity to regenerate lost liver mass without leaving a scar following partial hepatectomy (PH). Whilst previous studies have identified components of several different signaling pathways that are essential for activation of hepatocyte proliferation during liver regeneration, the mechanisms that enable such regeneration to occur without...

YAP Enhances Autophagic Flux to Promote Breast Cancer Cell Survival in Response to Nutrient Deprivation

The Yes-associated protein (YAP), a transcriptional coactivator inactivated by the Hippo tumor suppressor pathway, functions as an oncoprotein in a variety of cancers. However, its contribution to breast cancer remains controversial. This study investigated the role of YAP in breast cancer cells under nutrient deprivation (ND). Here, we show that YAP knockdown sensitized MCF7...

Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients with Primary Cutaneous Amyloidosis

Background Primary cutaneous amyloidosis (PCA) is a relatively rare and itchy skin disorder characterized by amyloid deposits in the superficial dermis. The cosmetic disfigurement and severe pruritus dramatically affects the patient’s quality of life. In spite of the prevalence of the disease in China, the quality of life (QoL) impact of the PCA has not been well defined and is...

MiR-506 Is Down-Regulated in Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma and Inhibits Cell Growth and Metastasis via Targeting FLOT1

Background Some microRNAs (miRNAs) are abnormally expressed in cancer and contribute to tumorigenesis. In the present study, we investigated the role of miR-506 in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Methods miR-506 expression was detected in renal cancer cell lines 786-O, ACHN, Caki-1, and Caki-2 and ccRCC specimens by quantitative real-time-PCR. We assessed the association...

Early and late Iron supplementation for low birth weight infants: a meta-analysis

Background Iron deficiency in infancy is associated with a range of clinical and developmentally important issues. Currently, it is unclear what is the optimal timing to administer prophylactic enteral iron supplementation in preterm and very low birth weight infants. The objective of this meta-analysis was to evaluate early compared with late iron supplementation in low birth...

Hsf and Hsp gene families in Populus: genome-wide identification, organization and correlated expression during development and in stress responses

Background Heat shock proteins (Hsps) are molecular chaperones that are involved in many normal cellular processes and stress responses, and heat shock factors (Hsfs) are the transcriptional activators of Hsps. Hsfs and Hsps are widely coordinated in various biological processes. Although the roles of Hsfs and Hsps in stress responses have been well characterized in Arabidopsis...

Mir-135a enhances cellular proliferation through post-transcriptionally regulating PHLPP2 and FOXO1 in human bladder cancer

Background Bladder cancer is the most common malignancy in urinary system and the ninth most common malignancy in the world. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression by targeted repression of transcription and translation and play essential roles during cancer development. We investigated the expression of miR-135a in bladder cancer and explored...