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Silencing of the Rice Gene LRR1 Compromises Rice Xa21 Transcript Accumulation and XA21-Mediated Immunity

Background The rice immune receptor XA21 confers resistance to Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), the causal agent of bacterial leaf blight. We previously demonstrated that an auxilin-like protein, XA21 BINDING PROTEIN 21 (XB21), positively regulates resistance to Xoo. Results To further investigate the function of XB21, we performed a yeast two-hybrid screen. We identified 22 ...

The study of the variability of biomass from plants of the Elodea genus from a river in Germany over a period of two hydrological years for investigating their suitability for biogas production

Background Aquatic plants are an important component of aquatic ecosystems. They are valuable for the oxygen and carbon dioxide household and generate habitats especially for small fish and other small organisms. However, problems for the maintenance of water bodies can result from mass occurrences of these plants. Invasive neophytes - such as members of the Elodea genus - are ...

Video scene identification and classification for user-tailored QoE in GEO satellites

Satellite networks offer an efficient alternative where no terrestrial networks are available, and can offer a cost effective means of transferring data. Numerous proposals have addressed the problem of resource allocation in geostationary (GEO) satellites, and have been evaluated via various performance metrics related to user Quality of Service (QoS). However, ensuring that on ...

Growth and proximate composition of Amaranthus cruentus L. on poor soil amended with compost and arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi

Purpose The study was carried out to examine growth, shoot yield, dry matter and proximate composition of Amaranthus cruentus on poor soil augmented with compost or AMF either singly or in combination. Methods The experiment was arranged in completely randomized designed in six replicates with four treatments. Four treatments: comprised control and three other amendment types ...

Trends in Texas high school student enrollment in mathematics, science, and CTE-STEM courses

Background In the context of Texas of the USA, House Bill 5 signifies a major policy shift requiring entering high school students starting in fall 2014 to choose an endorsement, like science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) being one of them, to provide students with earlier exposure to a coherent course sequence. As we barely understand students’ choices before ...

Reengaging Voices of Animal Suffering

The paper discusses the potential for recognizing animals as autonomous individuals through a critique of the handling of suffering of terminally ill companion animals. To this end, it offers three distinct reflections on animal suffering through immanent readings of the painting The Death of the Stag (1786) by Benjamin West (1738–1820), a personal experience with caring for a dog ...

Dynamic correlation network analysis of financial asset returns with network clustering

In this study, we propose a novel approach to analyze a dynamic correlation network of highly volatile financial asset returns by using a network clustering algorithm to deal with high dimensionality issues. We analyze the dynamic correlation network of selected Japanese stock returns as an empirical study of the correlation dynamics at the market level by applying the proposed ...

Insights into the Pathophysiology, Diagnosis and Treatment of Immune Thrombocytopenia

Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an acquired disorder characterized by isolated thrombocytopenia with a peripheral blood count < 100.000/mm3 in the absence of any obvious initiating or underlying causes, by antibody mediated destruction of platelets and suppression of megakaryocyte and platelet production on the basis of immune deregulation. ITP is idiopathic (primary) in 80% of ...

Scale-fragment formation impairing geothermal energy production: interacting H2S corrosion and CaCO3 crystal growth

Background Mineral precipitates (scaling) from deep saline thermal waters often constitute a major problem during geothermal energy production. The occurrence of scale-fragments accumulating and clogging pipes, filters, and heat exchangers is of particular concern regarding an efficient energy extraction. Methods Carbonate scale-fragments from different sections of two geothermal ...

Analysis of voltage stability uncertainty using stochastic response surface method related to wind farm correlation

Wind speed follows the Weibull probability distribution and wind power can have a significant influence on power system voltage stability. In order to research the influence of wind plant correlation on power system voltage stability, in this paper, the stochastic response surface method (SRSM) is applied to voltage stability analysis to establish the polynomial relationship ...

Current progress in understanding the molecular pathogenesis of burn scar contracture

Abnormal wound healing is likely to induce scar formation, leading to dysfunction, deformity, and psychological trauma in burn patients. Despite the advancement of medical care treatment, scar contracture in burn patients remains a challenge. Myofibroblasts play a key role in scar contracture. It has been demonstrated that myofibroblasts, as well as inflammatory cells, fibroblasts, ...

Trade of marine turtles along the Southwestern Coast of the Gulf of Venezuela

Background Marine turtles play an important role in the culture and economy of numerous coastal communities around the world. However, the legal framework that regulates the consumptive use of these reptiles varies among countries.For example, the consumption of these reptiles has been regarded as common in several rural areas of Venezuela, especially in the eastern coast of the ...

Timing-adjusted iron dosing enhances erythropoiesis-stimulating agent-induced erythropoiesis response and iron utilization

Background We recently demonstrated, using an index of recently synthesized hemoglobin, reticulocyte hemoglobin (Ret-Hb), that iron administration remarkably improves hemoglobin (Hb) synthesis during the period of high activation of erythropoiesis induced by the administration of a continuous erythropoietin receptor activator (CERA). We aimed to investigate whether repetition of ...

Study on Brazilian splitting test of bedding limestone slope deformation failure

The slope along north section of the Beijing–Zhuhai expressway in Guangdong province is mainly limestone bedding slope. To reveal the relationship between the deformation failure modes of limestone slopes and the bedding angle of the strata, a targeted experimental research and theoretical analysis has been carried out, which provides a basis for the stability criterion of bedding ...

Vaginaal bloedverlies bij zuigelingen

Vaginaal bloedverlies bij zuigelingen is een macroscopisch waarneembare bloeding uit de schede bij meisjes van 0 tot 1 jaar.

Optic disc granuloma with epididymitis: a diagnostic challenge

Background Sarcoidosis and tuberculosis (TB) share epidemiological, immunological, and molecular features common to both, and often, it becomes difficult to differentiate them especially in a highly TB-endemic country like India. We report a case of optic disc granuloma along with epididymitis and infertility in a male who showed a response to treatment with anti-tuberculosis ...

Hartgeruis bij kinderen

Hartgeruis of souffle wordt vaak pas bij de huisarts geconstateerd. Vroeg verwijzen is belangrijk omdat een vroegtijdige behandeling complicaties kan voorkomen. Een hartgeruis ontstaat door turbulentie van bloed in het hart of de grote vaten.

Usefulness of PET/CT for early detection of internal malignancies in patients with Muir–Torre syndrome: report of two cases

Background Muir–Torre syndrome (MTS) is a rare autosomal dominant genodermatosis caused by mutations in mismatch repair genes. It is characterized by the presence of at least one sebaceous skin tumor associated with internal malignancies. Whether positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) is useful for the detection of malignancies in patients with MTS has not been ...

27-jarige man met Henoch-Schönlein-purpura

De huisarts vraagt naar andere klachten. Berkelaar heeft geen klachten over gewrichten, geen buikklachten en geen hematurie.