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Dexmedetomidine sedation reduces atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery compared to propofol: a randomized controlled trial

Background Atrial fibrillation occurs frequently in patients following cardiac surgery and can be a cause of increased morbidity and mortality. The use of dexmedetomidine to prevent atrial fibrillation is unclear. The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine sedation on the incidence of atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery. Methods Upon arrival to...

Comparison of Two Cap Thickness in Small Incision Lenticule Extraction: 100μm versus 160μm

Purpose To compare the changes of biomechanical properties, endothelial cell density (ECD), and posterior corneal elevation (PCE) after femtosecond small incision lenticule extractions (SMILEs) with 100μm versus 160μm cap thicknesses. Methods A total of 12 rabbits were randomly assigned into two groups of 6 each. SMILE was performed at a depth of either 160μm (160-cap group) or...

Comparison of Delta-Shape Anastomosis and Extracorporeal Billroth I Anastomosis after Laparoscopic Distal Gastrectomy for Gastric Cancer: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis of Short-Term Outcomes

Objective The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate the safety and relative benefits of delta-shape anastomosis (DA) by comparing to conventional laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy with Billroth I gastroduodenostomy (LADG BI). Methods Studies and relevant literature regarding DA versus LADG BI were searched in the electronic databases. Operation time...

Reduction behavior and kinetics of vanadium–titanium sinters under high potential oxygen enriched pulverized coal injection

between 20.4 and 23.2 kJ/mol. Corresponding author: Guang-wei Wang E-mail: © The Author(s) 2017. This article is published with open access at link.springer.com ore reduction; sintering; oxygen enrichment

Model updating mechanism of concept drift detection in data stream based on classifier pool

In data stream, concept drift often occurs in an unpredictable way, the classifier model which was learned from previous data is not accurate to the current data, so regular updating of the model is necessary. Moreover, updating too frequently will cause a negative impact on the clustering accuracy and the analysis of subsequent data. This paper proposed a model-updating...

Drug-eluting balloon versus bare-mental stent and drug-eluting stent for de novo coronary artery disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis of 14 randomized controlled trials

Background Drug-eluting balloon (DEB) has become an alternative option to drug-eluting stent (DES) for the treatment of in-stent restenosis (ISR). However, the effect of drug-eluting balloon with regular bare-mental stent (BMS) in de novo coronary artery disease (CAD) is unclear. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the efficacy of DEB with regular BMS compared to BMS or DES in...

Visual and noxious electrical stimulus-evoked membrane-potential responses in anterior cingulate cortical neurons

Wang 2 3 0 Equal contributors 1 Institute and Key Laboratory of Brain Functional Genomics of Shanghai and Chinese Ministry of Education, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Brain Functional Genomics, School of

Cytokinin-Regulated Sucrose Metabolism in Stay-Green Wheat Phenotype

A wheat stay-green mutant, tasg1, was observed to exhibit significantly delayed senescence in the late developmental stage. The photosynthetic capacity of the flag leaf was greater in tasg1 than in wild type (WT) plants. In addition, the grain volume of tasg1 was significantly higher than that of WT at the early filling stage. The content of various cytokinins (CKs) in the grain...

Determination of influenza B identity and potency in quadrivalent inactivated influenza vaccines using lineage-specific monoclonal antibodies

Co-circulation of two antigenically and genetically distinct lineages of influenza B virus, represented by prototype viruses B/Victoria/2/1987 and B/Yamagata/16/1988, has led to the development of quadrivalent influenza vaccines that contain two influenza B antigens. The inclusion of two influenza B antigens presents challenges for the production and regulation of inactivated...

iTRAQ-Based Proteomics Reveals Novel Biomarkers for Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a gradual lung disease with a survival of less than 5 years post-diagnosis for most patients. Poor molecular description of IPF has led to unsatisfactory interpretation of the pathogenesis of this disease, resulting in the lack of successful treatments. The objective of this study was to discover novel noninvasive biomarkers for the...

Sphingolipids Are Required for Efficient Triacylglycerol Loss in Conjugated Linoleic Acid Treated Adipocytes

Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) reduces adiposity in human and mouse adipocytes. This outcome is achieved through a variety of biological responses including increased energy expenditure and fatty acid oxidation, increased inflammation, repression of fatty acid biosynthesis, attenuated glucose transport, and apoptosis. In the current study, profiling of 261 metabolites was...

Improving the thermostability and stress tolerance of an archaeon hyperthermophilic superoxide dismutase by fusion with a unique N-terminal domain

Wei Wang 0 1 2 0 Key Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology and Technology, Ministry of Education, TEDA Institute of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, Nankai University , 23 Hongda Street, TEDA

Correction to: Increased plasma N-glycome complexity is associated with higher risk of type 2 diabetes

The authors regret that Nish Chaturvedi’s name was spelt incorrectly in the author list. The details given in this correction are correct.

Genetic engineering of Pseudomonas chlororaphis GP72 for the enhanced production of 2-Hydroxyphenazine

Background The biocontrol strain Pseudomonas chlororaphis GP72 isolated from the green pepper rhizosphere synthesizes three antifungal phenazine compounds, 2-Hydroxyphenazine (2-OH-PHZ), 2-hydroxy-phenazine-1-carboxylic acid (2-OH-PCA) and phenazine-1-carboxylic acid (PCA). PCA has been a commercialized antifungal pesticide registered as “Shenqinmycin” in China since 2011. It is...

Hepatocyte nuclear factor 1α downregulates HBV gene expression and replication by activating the NF-κB signaling pathway

The role of hepatocyte nuclear factor 1α (HNF1α) in the regulation of gene expression and replication of hepatitis B virus (HBV) is not fully understood. Previous reports have documented the induction of the expression of viral large surface protein (LHBs) by HNF1α through activating viral Sp1 promoter. Large amount of LHBs can block the secretion of hepatitis B surface antigen...

A vaccine with Aβ oligomer-specific mimotope attenuates cognitive deficits and brain pathologies in transgenic mice with Alzheimer’s disease

Background β-Amyloid peptide (Aβ) oligomers are initial factors used to induce Alzheimer’s disease (AD) development, and Aβ monomers have normal physiological function. The antibodies or vaccines against Aβ monomers have serious problems, such as side effects and low curative effects. Therefore, it is essential to specifically target Aβ oligomers rather than monomers for the...

Modeling Bus Dwell Time and Time Lost Serving Stop in China

interests include public transportation and traffic safety. Wei Wang () is a professor in the School of Transportation at Southeast University. During the past decades, he has focused on teaching and

Radiative leptonic \(B_c\rightarrow \gamma \ell {\bar{\nu }}\) decay in effective field theory beyond leading order

We study the radiative leptonic \(B_c\rightarrow \gamma \ell {\bar{\nu }}\) decays in nonrelativistic QCD effective field theory, and we explore the contribution from a fast-moving photon. As a result, interactions between the photon and the heavy quarks can be integrated out, resulting in the factorization formula for the decay amplitude. We calculate not only the relevant short...

Analysis of the Negative-SET Behaviors in Cu/ZrO2/Pt Devices

Metal oxide-based electrochemical metallization memory (ECM) shows promising performance for next generation non-volatile memory. The negative-SET behavior has been observed in various oxide-based ECM devices. But the underlying mechanism of this behavior remains unaddressed and the role of the metal cation and oxygen vacancy in this behavior is unclear. In this work, we have...