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Maternal sleep deprivation at different stages of pregnancy impairs the emotional and cognitive functions, and suppresses hippocampal long-term potentiation in the offspring rats

Background Sleep deprivation during pregnancy is a serious public health problem as it can affect the health of pregnant women and newborns. However, it is not well studied whether sleep deprivation at different stages of pregnancy has similar effects on emotional and cognitive functions of the offspring, and if so, the potential cellular mechanisms also remain poorly understood. ...

Glycosylation of Residue 141 of Subtype H7 Influenza A Hemagglutinin (HA) Affects HA-Pseudovirus Infectivity and Sensitivity to Site A Neutralizing Antibodies

Human infections with H7 subtype influenza virus have been reported, including an H7N7 outbreak in Netherlands in 2003 and H7N9 infections in China in 2013. Previously, we reported murine monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that recognize the antigenic site A of H7 hemagglutinin (HA). To better understand protective immunity of H7 vaccines and vaccine candidate selection, we used these ...

Aging Dogs Manifest Myopia as Measured by Autorefractor

Objective Dogs, like humans, experience eye changes with aging: hardening and clouding of the lens and accumulated oxidative damage from UV sunlight. It has been debated whether such changes could be affecting the visual function of dogs. The objective of this study was to determine if autorefractometry could be used to measure visual function in dogs. Animals and Methods Nine ...

Collapsing singletons may boost signal for associating rare variants in sequencing study

Advances in next-generation sequencing technology have made it possible to comprehensively interrogate the entire spectrum of genomic variations including rare variants. They may help capture the remaining genetic heritability which has not been fully explained by previous genome-wide association studies. Here we performed a gene-based genome-wide scan to identify hypertension ...

Capsule Design for Blue Light Therapy against Helicobacter pylori

A photo-medical capsule that emits blue light for Helicobacter pylori treatment was described in this paper. The system consists of modules for pH sensing and measuring, light-emitting diode driver circuit, radio communication and microcontroller, and power management. The system can differentiate locations by monitoring the pH values of the gastrointestinal tract, and turn on and ...

Placenta Growth Factor in Eyes with Neovascular Glaucoma Is Decreased after Intravitreal Ranibizumab Injection

Purpose To evaluate changes in the concentrations of placental growth factor (PlGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) in aqueous humor of patients with neovascular glaucoma (NVG) before and after an intravitreal injection of ranibizumab (IVR) and to determine the underlying correlation between the levels. Methods The prospective interventional comparative study ...

Preliminary proposal of scientific data verification in CSES mission

China Seismo-Electromagnetic Satellite (CSES) will be launched at the end of 2016 and the orbit is sun-synchronous and the altitude is about 500 km. The design of CSES satellite and ground segment are introduced in this paper first. And then the preliminary proposals of scientific data verification and cross-verification in CSES mission are given, which can be used to classify the ...

Multiplex cytokine levels of aqueous humor in acute primary angle-closure patients: fellow eye comparison

Background The existing literature contains no information regarding inflammatory cytokine expression in unilateral acute primary angle-closure (APAC) affected eyes and fellow eyes with primary angle closure suspect (PACS). To measure levels of various inflammatory cytokines in the aqueous humor (AH) of APAC affected eyes and fellow eyes with a diagnosis of PACS (18 unilateral APAC ...

Insights into the function of tegument proteins from the varicella zoster virus

Chickenpox (varicella) is caused by primary infection with varicella zoster virus (VZV), which can establish long-term latency in the host ganglion. Once reactivated, the virus can cause shingles (zoster) in the host. VZV has a typical herpesvirus virion structure consisting of an inner DNA core, a capsid, a tegument, and an outer envelope. The tegument is an amorphous layer ...

Assessing characteristics of RNA amplification methods for single cell RNA sequencing

Background Recently, measurement of RNA at single cell resolution has yielded surprising insights. Methods for single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) have received considerable attention, but the broad reliability of single cell methods and the factors governing their performance are still poorly known. Results Here, we conducted a large-scale control experiment to assess the ...

L p Blaschke-Minkowski homomorphisms

In this paper, we introduce the concept of Lp Blaschke-Minkowski homomorphisms and show that those maps are represented by a spherical convolution operator. And then we consider the Busemann-Petty type problem for Lp Blaschke-Minkowski homomorphisms.MSC: 52A40, 52A20.

A facile method to fabricate Al4B2O9 whiskers on porous SiC substrates for gas–solid separation

Al4B2O9 whiskers on the surface of porous SiC substrates were fabricated by chemical reactions between Al(NO3)3 and H3BO3, which is a facile method to prepare cilia-like microstructure for gas–solid separation. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy were employed to investigate the structural morphology and ...

Renal vein thrombosis mimicking urinary calculus: a dilemma of diagnosis

Background Renal vein thrombosis (RVT) with flank pain, and hematuria, is often mistaken with renal colic originating from ureteric or renal calculus. Especially in young and otherwise healthy patients, clinicians are easily misled by clinical presentation and calcified RVT. Case presentation A 38-year-old woman presented with flank pain and hematuria suggestive of renal calculus ...

Copy number variation of a gene cluster encoding endopolygalacturonase mediates flesh texture and stone adhesion in peach

Texture is an important attribute affecting consumer perception of fruit quality. Peach melting flesh and flesh adhesion to stone (endocarp) are simply inherited and controlled by the F-M locus on linkage group (LG) 4. Here, we report that two genes encoding endopolygalacturonase (endoPG) in the F-M locus, designated PpendoPGF and PpendoPGM, are associated with the melting flesh ...

Relationship between Chinese adjective descriptors of personality and emotional symptoms in young Chinese patients with bipolar disorders

Objective To investigate whether personality traits are related to emotional symptoms (mania, hypomania, and depression) in Chinese patients with bipolar disorders.

Event-related potentials elicited by the Deutsch “high-low” word illusion in the patients with first-episode schizophrenia with auditory hallucinations

Background The exact cerebral structural and functional mechanisms under the auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) in schizophrenia are still unclear. The Deutsch “high-low” word illusion might trigger attentional responses mimicking those under AVHs. Methods We therefore have invited 16 patients with first-episode, paranoid schizophrenia, and 16 age- and gender-matched healthy ...

Free Energy Landscape and Multiple Folding Pathways of an H-Type RNA Pseudoknot

How RNA sequences fold to specific tertiary structures is one of the key problems for understanding their dynamics and functions. Here, we study the folding process of an H-type RNA pseudoknot by performing a large-scale all-atom MD simulation and bias-exchange metadynamics. The folding free energy landscapes are obtained and several folding intermediates are identified. It is ...