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Vascular calcification and cardiac function according to residual renal function in patients on hemodialysis with urination

Background Vascular calcification is common and may affect cardiac function in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). However, little is known about the effect of residual renal function on vascular calcification and cardiac function in patients on hemodialysis. Methods This study was conducted between January 2014 and January 2017. One hundred six patients with residual ...

String-Node Nets and Meshes

New classes of infinite bond-node structures are introduced, namely string-node nets and meshes, a mesh being a string-node net for which the nodes are dense in the strings. Various construction schemes are given including the minimal extension of a (countable) line segment net by a countable scaling group. A linear mesh has strings that are straight lines and nodes given by the ...

Balancing Interests and Risk of Error: What Quarantine Process Is Due after Ebolamania

I. Introduction II. The Good Samaritan Nurse’s Return Home from Sierra Leone III. Historical Background of Quarantines IV. State and Federal Quarantine Powers ... A. The States’ Broad Police Powers and Quarantines … B. The Federal Government’s Commerce Power and Quarantines V. Procedural Due Process Limits on Quarantine Powers … A. Weighing Individual Liberty Interests Quarantines ...

Monodisperse Carbon Nanospheres with Hierarchical Porous Structure as Electrode Material for Supercapacitor

Carbon nanospheres with distinguishable microstructure were prepared by carbonization and subsequent KOH activation of F108/resorcinol-formaldehyde composites. The dosage of triblock copolymer Pluronic F108 is crucial to the microstructure differences. With the adding of F108, the polydisperse carbon nanospheres (PCNS) with microporous structure, monodisperse carbon nanospheres ...

A nice surprise? Predictive processing and the active pursuit of novelty

Recent work in cognitive and computational neuroscience depicts human brains as devices that minimize prediction error signals: signals that encode the difference between actual and expected sensory stimulations. This raises a series of puzzles whose common theme concerns a potential misfit between this bedrock informationtheoretic vision and familiar facts about the attractions of ...

The impact of team based interprofessional comprehensive assessments on the diagnosis and management of diabetic foot ulcers: A retrospective cohort study

Background Diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) are increasingly prevalent, and associated with significant morbidity, mortality, and cost. An interprofessional approach to DFU management is critical given the etiological complexity involved. This study aimed to assess the impact of an interprofessional team approach on DFU diagnosis and management for a cohort of patients receiving ...

An unusual foreign object mimicking an odontoma in a patient with cleft alveolus: a case report

The habit of inserting foreign objects into body cavities is seen in children and in adults with intellectual disability. Usually, the foreign objects cause chronic inflammation and local tissue destruction, which give rise to symptoms. Diagnosis at an asymptomatic stage is uncommon when the history is not suggestive. We describe a rare case where a foreign object was misdiagnosed ...

Populism and Central Bank Independence

The consensus that surrounded the granting of central bank independence in the pursuit of a price stability oriented monetary policy has been challenged in the aftermath of the global financial crisis, in the light of the rise of populism on the one hand and the expanded mandates of central banks on the other hand. After considering the economic case for independence and the three ...

Are Happiness and Life Satisfaction Different Across Religious Groups? Exploring Determinants of Happiness and Life Satisfaction

This study explores whether different religions experience different levels of happiness and life satisfaction and in case this is affected by country economic and cultural environment. Using World Value Survey (from 1981 to 2014), this study found that individual religiosity and country level of development play a significant role in shaping people’s subjective well-being (SWB). ...

Provider and lay perspectives on intra-uterine contraception: a global review

Intra-uterine contraception (IUC) involves the use of an intra-uterine device (IUD), a highly effective, long-acting, reversible contraceptive method. Historically, the popularity of IUC has waxed and waned across different world regions, due to policy choices and shifts in public opinion. However, despite its advantages and cost-effectiveness for programmes, IUC’s contribution to ...