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Anisotropic epitaxial ZnO/CdO core/shell heterostructure nanorods

Various surface structures and polarities of one-dimensional nanostructures offer additional control in synthesizing heterostructures suitable for optoelectronic and electronic applications. In this work, we report synthesis and characterization of ZnO-CdO nanorod-based heterostructures grown on a-plane sapphire. The heterojunction formed on the sidewall surface of the nanorod...

The Reversal Effects of 3-Bromopyruvate on Multidrug Resistance In Vitro and In Vivo Derived from Human Breast MCF-7/ADR Cells

Purpose P-glycoprotein mediated efflux is one of the main mechanisms for multidrug resistance in cancers, and 3-Bromopyruvate acts as a promising multidrug resistance reversal compound in our study. To test the ability of 3-Bromopyruvate to overcome P-glycoprotein-mediated multidrug resistance and to explore its mechanisms of multidrug resistance reversal in MCF-7/ADR cells, we...

Two members of TaRLK family confer powdery mildew resistance in common wheat

. Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Authors’ contributions XEW, TTC and BQ designed the experiments. TTC, Jun Xu, WTW and CD performed the experiments. TTC, Jin

The Regulatory Role of Ferric Uptake Regulator (Fur) during Anaerobic Respiration of Shewanella piezotolerans WP3

Ferric uptake regulator (Fur) is a global regulator that controls bacterial iron homeostasis. In this study, a fur deletion mutant of the deep-sea bacterium Shewanella piezotolerans WP3 was constructed. Physiological studies revealed that the growth rate of this mutant under aerobic conditions was only slightly lower than that of wild type (WT), but severe growth defects were...

Different Subsets of Macrophages in Patients with New Onset Tuberculous Pleural Effusion

Objective Macrophages are the infiltrate components of tuberculous pleural effusion (TPE). This study is aimed at examining the role of different subsets of macrophages in pleural fluid (PF) and peripheral blood (PB) from patients with new onset TPE. Methods The numbers of PB and PF CD163+, CD206+ and CD115+ macrophages in 25 patients with new onset TPE and 17 healthy controls...

Synthesis of chiral polymorph A-enriched zeolite Beta with an extremely concentrated fluoride route

ScholarSearch for Weibin Fan in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Jun Xu in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Liangkui Zhu in:Nature Research journals

Transcriptome Sequencing in a Tibetan Barley Landrace with High Resistance to Powdery Mildew

Hulless barley is an important cereal crop worldwide, especially in Tibet of China. However, this crop is usually susceptible to powdery mildew caused by Blumeria graminis f. sp. hordei. In this study, we aimed to understand the functions and pathways of genes involved in the disease resistance by transcriptome sequencing of a Tibetan barley landrace with high resistance to...

Pulse Oximetry: A Non-Invasive, Novel Marker for the Quality of Chest Compressions in Porcine Models of Cardiac Arrest

Objective Pulse oximetry, which noninvasively detects the blood flow of peripheral tissue, has achieved widespread clinical use. We have noticed that the better the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), the better the appearance of pulse oximetry plethysmographic waveform (POP). We investigated whether the area under the curve (AUC) and/or the amplitude (Amp) of POP...

Dynamic Modulation of DNA Replication and Gene Transcription in Deep-Sea Filamentous Phage SW1 in Response to Changes of Host Growth and Temperature

Little is known about the response of deep-sea virus and their relationship with their host towards environmental change. Although viruses are thought to play key roles in the deep-sea ecological evolution and biogeochemical cycling, these roles are yet to be defined. This study aims to delineate the relationship between a deep-sea filamentous phage SW1 and its host Shewanella...

Growth but Not Photosynthesis Response of a Host Plant to Infection by a Holoparasitic Plant Depends on Nitrogen Supply

Parasitic plants can adversely influence the growth of their hosts by removing resources and by affecting photosynthesis. Such negative effects depend on resource availability. However, at varied resource levels, to what extent the negative effects on growth are attributed to the effects on photosynthesis has not been well elucidated. Here, we examined the influence of nitrogen...

Ag@Au core-shell dendrites: a stable, reusable and sensitive surface enhanced Raman scattering substrate

• PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Luo Liu in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Ming Li Wang in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Hai Jun Xu in:Nature ... authors Correspondence to Zhao Yang Chen or Hai Jun Xu. Supplementary information Word documents1.Supplementary Information Rights and permissions This work is licensed under a Creative Commons

cAMP Responsive Element Binding Protein-1 Is a Transcription Factor of Lysosomal-Associated Protein Transmembrane-4 beta in Human Breast Cancer Cells

Lysosomal-associated protein transmembrane-4 beta (LAPTM4B) is a potential proto-oncogene, whose overexpression is involved in cancer occurrence and progression. Its transcript is up-regulated in various types of solid tumors including breast cancer. However, its transcriptional regulation mechanism is still unclear. To investigate the mechanism of transcriptional regulation of...

Prognostic Value of PLR in Various Cancers: A Meta-Analysis

Background Recently, more and more studies investigated the association of inflammation parameters such as the Platelet Lymphocyte Ratio (PLR) and the prognosis of various cancers. However, the prognostic role of PLR in cancer remains controversial. Methods We conducted a meta-analysis of published studies to evaluate the prognostic value of PLR in various cancers. In order to...

Predictions for pentaquark states of hidden charm molecular nature and comparison with experiment

Liang 5 De-Min Li 4 Jun-Xu Lu 0 Vladymir K. Magas 6 Juan Nieves 3 Angels Ramos 6 Luis Roca 7 En Wang 4 Ju-Jun Xie 1 0 School of Physics and Nuclear Energy Engineering and International Research Center for

Mesenchymal stem cells-regulated Treg cells suppress colitis-associated colorectal cancer

Introduction Previous studies have produced controversial results regarding whether mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) promote or inhibit tumor development. Given the dual role of MSCs in inflammation and cancer, in this study the colitis-associated colorectal cancer (CAC) model was used to examine whether umbilical cord tissue-derived MSCs could prevent neoplasm by inhibiting chronic...

Hemagglutinin from the H5N1 Virus Activates Janus Kinase 3 to Dysregulate Innate Immunity

Highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIVs) cause severe disease in humans. There are no effective vaccines or antiviral therapies currently available to control fatal outbreaks due in part to the lack of understanding of virus-mediated immunopathology. In our study, we used hemagglutinin (HA) of H5N1 virus to investigate the related signaling pathways and their...

Genome Analysis and Characterisation of the Exopolysaccharide Produced by Bifidobacterium longum subsp. longum 35624™

this manuscript have the following competing interests: David Groeger, Elisa Schiavi and Ray Grant are employees of Alimentary Health Pharma Davos AG, Jun Xu is an employee of Procter & Gamble, while

A retrospective study of microscopic polyangiitis patients presenting with pulmonary fibrosis in China

Zuo jun Xu 1 0 1 Shuaifuyuan Street, Beijing , Dongcheng District 100730 , China 1 Department of Respiratory Medicine, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking