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Probabilistic hazard modelling of rain-triggered lahars

Probabilistic quantification of lahar hazard is an important component of lahar risk assessment and mitigation. Here we propose a new approach to probabilistic lahar hazard assessment through coupling a lahar susceptibility model with a shallow-layer lahar flow model. Initial lahar volumes and their probabilities are quantified using the lahar susceptibility model which establishes ...

Meditation is Effective in Reducing Sleepiness and Improving Sustained Attention Following Acute Sleep Restriction

Optimal information processing requires appropriate mobilization of mental resources. Sleep loss increases homeostatic sleep pressure, thereby reducing mobilization of mental resources and consequently diminishing attention function. Meditation techniques engage attention processes and mobilize mental resources needed to sustain control of these processes, suggesting a promising ...

Doctors’ and nurses’ perceptions of a ward-based pharmacist in rural northern Sweden

Background This project is part of the prospective quasi experimental proof-of-concept investigation of clinical pharmacist intervention study to reduce drug-related problems among people admitted to a ward in a rural hospital in northern Sweden. Objective To explore doctors’ and nurses’ perceptions and expectations of having a ward-based pharmacist providing clinical pharmacy ...

Clinical and imaging-based prognostic factors in radioembolisation of liver metastases from colorectal cancer: a retrospective exploratory analysis

Background The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between absorbed dose and response of colorectal cancer liver metastases treated with [90Y]-resin microspheres and to explore possible clinical and imaging derived prognostic factors. Methods FDG PET/CT was used to measure response of individual lesions to a measured absorbed dose, derived from post-treatment 90Y ...

Petrogenesis of alkaline basalt-hosted sapphire megacrysts. Petrological and geochemical investigations of in situ sapphire occurrences from the Siebengebirge Volcanic Field, Germany

Megacrystic sapphires are frequently associated with alkaline basalts, most notably in Asia and Australia, although basalt is not generally normative in corundum. Most of these sapphire occurrences are located in alluvial or eluvial deposits, making it difficult to study the enigmatic relationship between the sapphires and their host rocks. Here, we present detailed petrological ...

The BCD of response time analysis in experimental economics

For decisions in the wild, time is of the essence. Available decision time is often cut short through natural or artificial constraints, or is impinged upon by the opportunity cost of time. Experimental economists have only recently begun to conduct experiments with time constraints and to analyze response time (RT) data, in contrast to experimental psychologists. RT analysis has ...

Physics Models of Plasmonics: Single Nanoparticle, Complex Single Nanoparticle, Nanodimer, and Single Nanoparticle over Metallic Thin Film

The physics models of plasmonics for single nanoparticle, complex single nanoparticle, nanodimer, and single nanoparticle over a metallic thin film with an isolation layer, have been reviewed in this article. In nanoscale, the localized plasmonics from the single nanoparticle, hybrid single nanoparticle, and nanodimer, can be illustrated by classical electrodynamics. When the space ...

Video scene identification and classification for user-tailored QoE in GEO satellites

Satellite networks offer an efficient alternative where no terrestrial networks are available, and can offer a cost effective means of transferring data. Numerous proposals have addressed the problem of resource allocation in geostationary (GEO) satellites, and have been evaluated via various performance metrics related to user Quality of Service (QoS). However, ensuring that on ...

Trade of marine turtles along the Southwestern Coast of the Gulf of Venezuela

Background Marine turtles play an important role in the culture and economy of numerous coastal communities around the world. However, the legal framework that regulates the consumptive use of these reptiles varies among countries.For example, the consumption of these reptiles has been regarded as common in several rural areas of Venezuela, especially in the eastern coast of the ...

Meteotsunamis in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico and their possible link to El Niño Southern Oscillation

Analysis of 20-year time series of water levels in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico has revealed that meteotsunamis are ubiquitous in this region. On average, 1–3 meteotsunamis with wave heights >0.5 m occur each year in this area. The probability of meteotsunami occurrence is highest during March–April and June–August. Meteotsunamis in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico can be ...

Drought-Tolerant Brassica rapa Shows Rapid Expression of Gene Networks for General Stress Responses and Programmed Cell Death Under Simulated Drought Stress

Production of oilseed rape/canola (Brassica napus) is increasingly threatened by dry conditions while the demand for vegetable oil is increasing. Brassica rapa is a genetically diverse ancestor of B. napus, and is readily crossed with B. napus. Recently, we reported promising levels of drought tolerance in a wild type of B. rapa which could be a source of drought tolerance for B. ...

Evaluation of cardiovascular ischemic event rates in dasatinib-treated patients using standardized incidence ratios

With high survival rates for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients treated with BCR-ABL1 tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), emerging consequences, such as arterial ischemic events, require consideration when evaluating treatment options. Cardiovascular ischemic event incidence in clinical trials was evaluated in 2712 dasatinib-treated patients with Philadelphia ...

MicroRNAs: New Therapeutic Targets for Familial Hypercholesterolemia?

Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is the most common inherited form of dyslipidemia and a major cause of premature cardiovascular disease. Management of FH mainly relies on the efficiency of treatments that reduce plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations. MicroRNAs (miRs) have been suggested as emerging regulators of plasma LDL-C concentrations. ...

Biomedical Risk Factors of Achilles Tendinopathy in Physically Active People: a Systematic Review

Background Achilles tendinopathy is the most prevalent tendon disorder in people engaged in running and jumping sports. Aetiology of Achilles tendinopathy is complex and requires comprehensive research of contributing risk factors. There is relatively little research focussing on potential biomedical risk factors for Achilles tendinopathy. The purpose of this systematic review is ...