Advanced search    

Search: *

44,078 papers found. Showing first 1,000 results.
Use AND, OR, NOT, +word, -word, "long phrase", (parentheses) to fine-tune your search.

Prosocial consequences of third-party anger

Anger has traditionally been associated with aggression and antagonistic behavior. A series of studies revealed that experiences of third-party anger (anger experienced when observing that harm is done to someone) can also lead to prosocial behavior. More specifically, three studies, hypothetical scenarios as well as a behavioral study, revealed that third-party anger can promote ...

Violence Against Women in Cambodia: Towards a Culturally Responsive Theory of Change

Almost one in four women in Cambodia is a victim of physical, emotional or sexual violence. This article brings together two seldom connected fields: Theory of Change (ToC) and cultural responsiveness in international development. It applies these approaches to a priority in global health, which is to prevent violence against women (VAW) and, drawing on my research on the ...

Optimal operation of electricity, natural gas and heat systems considering integrated demand responses and diversified storage devices

In recent years, the increasing penetration level of renewable generation and combined heat and power (CHP) technology in power systems is leading to significant changes in energy production and consumption patterns. As a result, the integrated planning and optimal operation of a multi-carrier energy (MCE) system have aroused widespread concern for reasonable utilization of ...

Comparative genomics identifies distinct lineages of S. Enteritidis from Queensland, Australia

Salmonella enterica is a major cause of gastroenteritis and foodborne illness in Australia where notification rates in the state of Queensland are the highest in the country. S. Enteritidis is among the five most common serotypes reported in Queensland and it is a priority for epidemiological surveillance due to concerns regarding its emergence in Australia. Using whole genome ...

Modeling the effects of rainfall on vehicular traffic

Traffic management and drainage system are two vital issues for any metropolitan city. Like other big cities, Karachi is also facing problems due to lack of traffic management and poor drainage system. The main objective of the study is to model the interdisciplinary issues of storm water and its effect on the traffic of Karachi. The specific objectives are: (1) to calibrate and ...

The role of smoking in the relationship between intimate partner violence and age at natural menopause: a mediation analysis

Background Age at natural menopause (ANM) is considered as a biologic marker of health and ageing. The relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV) and ANM is currently unknown, and whether smoking plays a role in this relationship is unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the association between IPV and ANM and to quantify the effect mediated through smoking. ...

Recent advancements in metal organic framework based electrodes for supercapacitors

Metal organic frameworks (MOFs) are considered as very promising candidates to build electrodes for electrochemical energy storage devices such as lithium ion batteries, fuel cells and supercapacitors, due to their diverse structure, adjustable aperture, large specific surface area and abundant active sites. Supercapacitor has been widely investigated in the past decades. Of ...

Second-Hand Exposure of Staff Administering Vaporised Cannabinoid Products to Patients in a Hospital Setting

Background In many health settings, administration of medicinal cannabis poses significant implementation barriers including drug storage and safety for administering staff and surrounding patients. Different modes of administration also provide different yet potentially significant issues. One route that has become of clinical interest owing to the rapid onset of action and ...

Novel signature fatty acid profile of the giant manta ray suggests reliance on an uncharacterised mesopelagic food source low in polyunsaturated fatty acids

Traditionally, large planktivorous elasmobranchs have been thought to predominantly feed on surface zooplankton during daytime hours. However, the recent application of molecular methods to examine long-term assimilated diets, has revealed that these species likely gain the majority from deeper or demersal sources. Signature fatty acid analysis (FA) of muscle tissue was used to ...

Manipulating the Phytic Acid Content of Rice Grain Toward Improving Micronutrient Bioavailability

Myo-inositol hexaphosphate, also known as phytic acid (PA), is the most abundant storage form of phosphorus in seeds. PA acts as a strong chelator of metal cations to form phytate and is considered an anti-nutrient as it reduces the bioavailability of important micronutrients. Although the major nutrient source for more than one-half of the global population, rice is a poor source ...

The effects of a single session of spinal manipulation on strength and cortical drive in athletes

Purpose The primary purpose of this study was to investigate whether a single session of spinal manipulation (SM) increases strength and cortical drive in the lower limb (soleus muscle) of elite Taekwondo athletes. Methods Soleus-evoked V-waves, H-reflex and maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) of the plantar flexors were recorded from 11 elite Taekwondo athletes using a randomized ...

Biting mechanics and niche separation in a specialized clade of primate seed predators

We analyzed feeding biomechanics in pitheciine monkeys (Pithecia, Chiropotes, Cacajao), a clade that specializes on hard-husked unripe fruit (sclerocarpy) and resistant seeds (seed predation). We tested the hypothesis that pitheciine crania are well-suited to generate and withstand forceful canine and molar biting, with the prediction that they generate bite forces more efficiently ...

How exogenous nitric oxide regulates nitrogen assimilation in wheat seedlings under different nitrogen sources and levels

Nitrogen (N) is one of the most important nutrients for plants and nitric oxide (NO) as a signaling plant growth regulator involved in nitrogen assimilation. Understanding the influence of exogenous NO on nitrogen metabolism at the gene expression and enzyme activity levels under different sources of nitrogen is vitally important for increasing nitrogen use efficiency (NUE). This ...

The amyloid precursor protein derivative, APP96-110, is efficacious following intravenous administration after traumatic brain injury

Following traumatic brain injury (TBI) neurological damage is ongoing through a complex cascade of primary and secondary injury events in the ensuing minutes, days and weeks. The delayed nature of secondary injury provides a valuable window of opportunity to limit the consequences with a timely treatment. Recently, the amyloid precursor protein (APP) and its derivative APP96-110 ...

Upright activity and higher motor function may preserve bone mineral density within 6 months of stroke: a longitudinal study

Purpose Bone fragility contributes to increased fracture risk, but little is known about the emergence of post-stroke bone loss. We investigated skeletal changes and relationships with physical activity, stroke severity, motor control and lean mass within 6 months of stroke. Methods This is a prospective observational study. Participants were non-diabetic but unable to walk within ...

Germline and somatic variant identification using BGISEQ-500 and HiSeq X Ten whole genome sequencing

Technological innovation and increased affordability have contributed to the widespread adoption of genome sequencing technologies in biomedical research. In particular large cancer research consortia have embraced next generation sequencing, and have used the technology to define the somatic mutation landscape of multiple cancer types. These studies have primarily utilised the ...

Field effectiveness of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 vaccination in commercial layers in Indonesia

Although vaccination of poultry for control of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) H5N1 has been practiced during the last decade in several countries, its effectiveness under field conditions remains largely unquantified. Effective HPAI vaccination is however essential in preventing incursions, silent infections and generation of new H5N1 antigenic variants. The ...

Discerning suicide in drug intoxication deaths: Paucity and primacy of suicide notes and psychiatric history

Objective A paucity of corroborative psychological and psychiatric evidence may be inhibiting detection of drug intoxication suicides in the United States. We evaluated the relative importance of suicide notes and psychiatric history in the classification of suicide by drug intoxication versus firearm (gunshot wound) plus hanging/suffocation—the other two major, but overtly violent ...

Correction to: Epidemiology of chronic hepatitis B virus in Ireland using routinely collected surveillance and administrative data, 2004–2014

The original version contained a mistake. The published version of this article incorrectly lists Lelia Thornton as Thornton Thornton. The correct author name is presented above.

The epigenetic clock and objectively measured sedentary and walking behavior in older adults: the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936

Background Estimates of biological age derived from DNA-methylation patterns—known as the epigenetic clock—are associated with mortality, physical and cognitive function, and frailty, but little is known about their relationship with sedentary behavior or physical activity. We investigated the cross-sectional relationship between two such estimates of biological age and objectively ...