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On the decomposition of total impact multipliers in a supply and use framework

This note describes a simple technique of decomposing total impact multipliers derived from input–output analysis. The approach uses a generalised supply and use table framework, explicitly distinguishing between industries and products. Contributions to total impact multipliers can be shown by either industry origin (answering the question: Where is the source of impacts and how ...

Encouraging rational antibiotic use in childhood pneumonia: a focus on Vietnam and the Western Pacific Region

Globally, pneumonia is considered to be the biggest killer of infants and young children (aged <5 years) outside the neonatal period, with the greatest disease burden in low- and middle-income countries. Optimal management of childhood pneumonia is challenging in settings where clinicians have limited information regarding the local pathogen and drug resistance profiles. This ...

Publicly available datasets on thallium (Tl) in the environment—a comment on “Presence of thallium in the environment: sources of contaminations, distribution and monitoring methods” by Bozena Karbowska, Environ Monit Assess (2016) 188:640 (DOI 10.1007/s10661-016-5647-y)

This comment highlights a whole series of datasets on thallium concentrations in the environment that were overlooked in the recent review by Karbowska, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 188, 640, 2016 in this journal. Geochemical surveys carried out over the last few decades all over the world at various scales and using different sampling media have reported the ...

PathOS: a decision support system for reporting high throughput sequencing of cancers in clinical diagnostic laboratories

Background The increasing affordability of DNA sequencing has allowed it to be widely deployed in pathology laboratories. However, this has exposed many issues with the analysis and reporting of variants for clinical diagnostic use. Implementing a high-throughput sequencing (NGS) clinical reporting system requires a diverse combination of capabilities, statistical methods to ...

Coordinated expansion co-planning of integrated gas and power systems

As a significant clean energy source, natural gas plays an important role in modern energy context. The growing utilization of natural gas brings uncertainties into the power system, which requires an integrated way to plan natural gas and power systems. In this paper, the co-planning process is formulated as a mixed integer nonlinear programming problem to address emerging ...

Sequence Learning Enhancement Following Single-Session Meditation Is Dependent on Metacontrol Mode and Experienced Effort

Focused attention (FAM) and open monitoring (OMM) meditation types establish distinct metacontrol states that have immediate effects on how attention allocation strategies are utilised in subsequent, unrelated tasks. Because attention allocation is a central factor in sequential action, the present experiment investigated whether a single-session of FAM and OMM enhanced subsequent ...

Cell culture: complications due to mechanical release of ATP and activation of purinoceptors

There is abundant evidence that ATP (adenosine 5′-triphosphate) is released from a variety of cultured cells in response to mechanical stimulation. The release mechanism involved appears to be a combination of vesicular exocytosis and connexin and pannexin hemichannels. Purinergic receptors on cultured cells mediate both short-term purinergic signalling of secretion and long-term ...

A modern congestion pricing policy for urban traffic: subsidy plus toll

Congestion pricing is seen as an effective policy to address traffic congestion. In such policies where money, people and authorities are involved, the success generally hinges upon two factors: equity (being fair) and acceptability (to both people and authorities). The primary concern is the equity, for which “tradable credit scheme (TCS)” has been introduced and extensively ...

Diurnal Changes in Transcript and Metabolite Levels during the Iron Deficiency Response of Rice

Background Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is highly susceptible to iron (Fe) deficiency due to low secretion levels of the mugineic acid (MA) family phytosiderophore (PS) 2′-deoxymugineic acid (DMA) into the rhizosphere. The low levels of DMA secreted by rice have proved challenging to measure and, therefore, the pattern of DMA secretion under Fe deficiency has been less extensively ...

Identification of QTLs for yield and agronomic traits in rice under stagnant flooding conditions

Background Stagnant flooding, where water of 25–50 cm remains until harvest time, is a major problem in rainfed lowland areas. Most of the Sub1 varieties, which can withstand around 2 weeks of complete submergence, perform poorly in these conditions. Hence, varieties tolerant of stagnant flooding are essential. Results This paper presents the first study to map QTLs associated with ...

A Framework for Incorporating EROI into Electrical Storage

The contribution from variable renewable energy (VRE) to electricity generation is projected to increase. At low penetration, intermittency can usually be accommodated at low cost. High-penetration VRE will displace conventional generation, and require increased grid flexibility, geographic and technology diversity, and the use of electrical storage. Energy return on investment ...

Confirmation of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum as the causal agent of stem rot of stock in Korea

Typical symptoms of Sclerotinia stem rot were observed in commercial crops of stock in several districts in Korea during the 2012–2013 and 2013–2014 winters. Based on morphological characteristics and phylogenetic analysis of internal transcribed spacer sequences, the pathogen was identified as Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. This is the first report of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum infection ...

More functions of torpor and their roles in a changing world

Increased winter survival by reducing energy expenditure in adult animals is often viewed as the primary function of torpor. However, torpor has many other functions that ultimately increase the survival of heterothermic mammals and birds. In this review, we summarize new findings revealing that animals use torpor to cope with the conditions during and after natural disasters, ...

Are multiple-trial experiments appropriate for eyewitness identification studies? Accuracy, choosing, and confidence across trials

Eyewitness identification experiments typically involve a single trial: A participant views an event and subsequently makes a lineup decision. As compared to this single-trial paradigm, multiple-trial designs are more efficient, but significantly reduce ecological validity and may affect the strategies that participants use to make lineup decisions. We examined the effects of a ...

Systematic review of quality of life and functional outcomes in randomized placebo-controlled studies of medications for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Children, adolescents and adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience functional impairment and poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in addition to symptoms of inattention/hyperactivity–impulsivity. To synthesize qualitatively the published evidence from randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of the effectiveness of pharmacotherapy on ...

Long-term outcome of sacral neuromodulation for chronic refractory constipation

Purpose Sacral neuromodulation has been reported as a treatment for severe idiopathic constipation. This study aimed to evaluate the long-term effects of sacral neuromodulation by following patients who participated in a prospective, open-label, multicentre study up to 5 years. Methods Patients were followed up at 1, 3, 6, 12, 24, 36, 48 and 60 months. Symptoms and quality of life ...