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A bibliometric analysis of two decades of aromatherapy research

Background Quantitative data are lacking on the profile of published research in aromatherapy. The objective of the study was to investigate the profile of original and review articles under the topic aromatherapy using bibliometric analysis. Methods Articles on aromatherapy, published between 1995 and 2014, were retrieved from the Science Citation Index-Expanded database from the ...

Agent-based modelling for urban sprawl in the region of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada

Agent-based modelling (ABM) is a form of simulation that is phenomenal in understanding and exploring various types of spatial and non-spatial problems. The goal of this research is to study agent-based modeling in an urban context. ArcGIS was used to develop cost raster. In the second part, NetLogo was used to create agents for the purpose of stochastic simulation of urban sprawl ...

Oral Vancomycin Followed by Fecal Transplantation Versus Tapering Oral Vancomycin Treatment for Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection: An Open-Label, Randomized Controlled Trial

Background. Fecal transplantation (FT) is a promising treatment for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), but its true effectiveness remains unknown. We compared 14 days of oral vancomycin followed by a single FT by enema with oral vancomycin taper (standard of care) in adult patients experiencing acute recurrence of CDI.

A new enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for human free and bound kallikrein 9

Background Kallikrein 9 (KLK9) is a member of the human kallikrein-related peptidases family, whose physiological role and implications in disease processes remain unclear. The active form of the enzyme is predicted to have chymotryptic activity. In the present study, we produced for the first time the active recombinant protein and monoclonal antibodies, and developed novel ...

Functional responses can unify invasion ecology

We contend that invasion ecology requires a universal, measurable trait of species and their interactions with resources that predicts key elements of invasibility and ecological impact; here, we advocate that functional responses can help achieve this across taxonomic and trophic groups, among habitats and contexts, and can hence help unify disparate research interests in invasion ...

Post-stroke dementia – a comprehensive review

Post-stroke dementia (PSD) or post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) may affect up to one third of stroke survivors. Various definitions of PSCI and PSD have been described. We propose PSD as a label for any dementia following stroke in temporal relation. Various tools are available to screen and assess cognition, with few PSD-specific instruments. Choice will depend on purpose of ...

Access Barriers to Services by Immigrant Mothers of Children with Autism in Canada

Equal access for autism services remains suboptimal for diverse groups. In Canada, little is known about the barriers immigrant mothers face accessing services and support for their children with developmental disabilities. In this qualitative study, 21 immigrant mothers of children with Autism, from a diverse ethno cultural background, were interviewed in Toronto, Canada. We apply ...

New players in entrepreneurial finance and why they are there

The landscape for entrepreneurial finance has changed strongly over the last years. Many new players have entered the arena. This editorial introduces and describes the new players and compares them along the four dimensions: debt or equity, investment goal, investment approach, and investment target. Following this, we discuss the factors explaining the emergence of the new ...

The Train Benchmark: cross-technology performance evaluation of continuous model queries

In model-driven development of safety-critical systems (like automotive, avionics or railways), well-formedness of models is repeatedly validated in order to detect design flaws as early as possible. In many industrial tools, validation rules are still often implemented by a large amount of imperative model traversal code which makes those rule implementations complicated and hard ...

Building system capacity for the integration of mental health at the level of primary care in Tunisia: a study protocol in global mental health

Background In low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), addressing the high prevalence of mental disorders is a challenge given the limited number and unequal distribution of specialists, as well as scarce resources allocated to mental health. The Mental Health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP) and its accompanying Intervention Guide (IG), developed by the World Health Organization ...

Cocaine/crack use is not associated with fibrosis progression measured by AST-to-Platelet Ratio Index in HIV-HCV co-infected patients: a cohort study

Background Cocaine and crack use has been associated with HIV and HCV infections, but its consequences on HCV progression have not been well established. We analyzed the impact of cocaine/crack use on liver fibrosis progression in a cohort of HIV-HCV co-infected patients. Methods A Canadian multicenter prospective cohort study followed 1238 HIV-HCV co-infected persons every 6 ...

Genome-wide expression profiling in muscle and subcutaneous fat of lambs in response to the intake of concentrate supplemented with vitamin E

Background The objective of this study was to acquire a broader, more comprehensive picture of the transcriptional changes in the L. Thoracis muscle (LT) and subcutaneous fat (SF) of lambs supplemented with vitamin E. Furthermore, we aimed to identify novel genes involved in the metabolism of vitamin E that might also be involved in meat quality. In the first treatment, seven lambs ...

The Journal Impact Factor is under attack – use the CAPCI factor instead

The uses and misuses of the Journal Impact Factor (JIF) have been thoroughly discussed in the literature. A few years ago, I predicted that JIF would soon be replaced, while another colleague argued the opposite. Over the past few months, attacks on JIF have intensified, with some publishing organizations gradually removing the indicator from their journals’ websites. Here, I argue ...

Recent Perspectives on the Roles of Histone Chaperones in Transcription Regulation

Purpose of Review Histone chaperones are acidic proteins that play essential roles in gene transcription and other nuclear processes by virtue of their capacity to both uncoil nucleosomal DNA and assemble DNA into nucleosomes. In this chapter, we summarize the most recent work on histone chaperones in RNA polymerase II-mediated transcription and consolidate recent findings on our ...

A parametric study of the hydrodynamic roughness produced by a wall coating layer of heavy oil

In water-lubricated pipeline transportation of heavy oil and bitumen, a thin oil film typically coats the pipe wall. A detailed study of the hydrodynamic effects of this fouling layer is critical to the design and operation of oil–water pipelines, as it can increase the pipeline pressure loss (and pumping power requirements) by 15 times or more. In this study, a parametric ...

Genome Informatics 2016

A report on the Genome Informatics conference, held at the Wellcome Genome Campus Conference Centre, Hinxton, United Kingdom, 19–22 September 2016.