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Setting priorities for knowledge translation of Cochrane reviews for health equity: Evidence for Equity

A focus on equity in health can be seen in many global development goals and reports, research and international declarations. With the development of a relevant framework and methods, the Campbell and Cochrane Equity Methods Group has encouraged the application of an ‘equity lens’ to systematic reviews, and many organizations publish reviews intended to address health equity. The ...

'Parallel Universe

Of the three kinds of two-mean comparisons which judge a test statistic against a critical value taken from a Student t-distribution, one – the repeated measures or dependent-means application – is distinctive because it is meant to assess the value of a parameter which is not part of the natural order. This absence forces a choice between two interpretations of a significant test ...

Fine-scale population genetic structure of arctic foxes (Vulpes lagopus) in the High Arctic

Objective The arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus) is a circumpolar species inhabiting all accessible Arctic tundra habitats. The species forms a panmictic population over areas connected by sea ice, but recently, kin clustering and population differentiation were detected even in regions where sea ice was present. The purpose of this study was to examine the genetic structure of a ...

Perceived causes of stress among a group of western Canadian dental students

Objective The demanding nature of dental education, both academically and clinically, results in higher levels of perceived stress among its students. The aim of this study was to determine how dental students at the College of Dentistry, University of Saskatchewan perceived stress. During the 2013–2014 academic year, all students were asked to complete a modified dental ...

Moduli of non-commutative polarized schemes

We construct, using geometric invariant theory, a quasi-projective Deligne–Mumford stack of stable graded algebras. We also construct a derived enhancement, which classifies twisted bundles of stable graded \(A_\infty \)-algebras. The tangent complex of the derived scheme is given by graded Hochschild cohomology, which we relate to ordinary Hochschild cohomology. We obtain a ...

Effective strategies for scaling up evidence-based practices in primary care: a systematic review

While an extensive array of existing evidence-based practices (EBPs) have the potential to improve patient outcomes, little is known about how to implement EBPs on a larger scale. Therefore, we sought to identify effective strategies for scaling up EBPs in primary care. We conducted a systematic review with the following inclusion criteria: (i) study design: randomized and ...

Correction to: Complex invasion history of the Asian long-horned beetle: fifteen years after first detection in Europe

In Table 1, longitude of the population 1 (Tallgrass, Canada) and the associated Figs. 2c and 5c were published incorrectly in the original publication of the article.

Evidence for proactive and reactive helping in two- to five-year-olds from a small-scale society

Humans are unique in their propensity for helping. Not only do we help others in need by reacting to their requests, we also help proactively by assisting in the absence of a request. Proactive helping requires the actor to detect the need for help, recognize the intention of the other, and remedy the situation. Very little is known about the development of this social phenomenon ...

Impacts of the IOD-associated temperature and salinity anomalies on the intermittent equatorial undercurrent anomalies

The study of Equatorial Undercurrent (EUC) has attracted a broad attention in recent years due to its strong response and feedback to the Indian Ocean Dipole. In this paper, we first produce a high-quality simulation of three-dimensional temperature, salinity and zonal current simulation from 1982 to 2014, using a high-resolution ocean general circulation model. On this basis, with ...

Trajectories of job demands and control: risk for subsequent symptoms of major depression in the nationally representative Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH)

Purpose Depression is a global health concern. High job demands, low job control, and the combination (high strain) are associated with depression. However, few longitudinal studies have investigated changed or repeated exposure to demands and control related to depression. We investigated how trajectories of exposure to job demands and control jointly influence subsequent ...

Discovering co-location patterns with aggregated spatial transactions and dependency rules

Co-location pattern mining focuses on finding associations among spatial features. Existing co-location pattern mining techniques mainly rely on frequency based thresholds which discard the rare patterns and find the noisy patterns. This could be avoided by evaluating co-location patterns based on their statistical significance. Recent studies focused on association rule mining ...

Failure to flow: An exploration of learning and teaching in busy, multi-patient environments using an interpretive description method

Introduction As patient volumes continue to increase, more attention must be paid to skills that foster efficiency without sacrificing patient safety. The emergency department is a fertile ground for examining leadership and management skills, especially those that concern prioritization in multi-patient environments. We sought to understand the needs of emergency physicians (EPs) ...