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Cognitive distortions and gambling near-misses in Internet Gaming Disorder: A preliminary study

Increased cognitive distortions (i.e. biased processing of chance, probability and skill) are a key psychopathological process in disordered gambling. The present study investigated state and trait aspects of cognitive distortions in 22 individuals with Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) and 22 healthy controls. Participants completed the Gambling Related Cognitions Scale as a trait ...

Nonmedical prescription opioid use and illegal drug use: initiation trajectory and related risks among people who use illegal drugs in Vancouver, Canada

Objective We investigated the prevalence of and risk factors associated with initiating nonmedical prescription opioid use (NMPOU) before and after illegal drugs using data from two linked cohort studies of street youth and adults who use illegal drugs in Vancouver, Canada. All participants who attended a study visit between 2013 and 2016 were eligible for the primary analyses. ...

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for severe Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus

Background Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is caused by a coronavirus (MERS‐CoV) and is characterized by hypoxemic respiratory failure. The objective of this study is to compare the outcomes of MERS-CoV patients before and after the availability of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) as a rescue therapy in severely hypoxemic patients who failed conventional ...

Observations on the dynamics and fate of dissolved organic phosphorus in lake water and a new model of eplimnetic P cycling

Phosphorus (P) in lake water is commonly partitioned into particulate P and dissolved P by membrane filtration, and dissolved P is then fractionated into soluble reactive P (SRP, reactive with molybdate) and dissolved unreactive or organic P (DOP). Much of what is known about DOP is derived from radiotracer studies using gel chromatography, and summarized by a kinetic model (Lean, ...

A strong summer phytoplankton bloom southeast of Vietnam in 2007, a transitional year from El Niño to La Niña

Summer upwelling occurs frequently off the southeast Vietnam coast in the western South China Sea (SCS), where summer phytoplankton blooms generally appear during June-August. In this study, we investigate inter-annual variation of Ekman pumping and offshore transport, and its modulation on summer blooms southeast of Vietnam. The results indicate that there are low intensities of ...

Author Correction: A Dynamic Approach to Risk Factors for Maternal Corporal Punishment in Early to Middle Childhood

The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. In the second sentence of the Abstract section the word “Fragile” was missing. It should read as “Archival data from Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study…”

Flow cytometric analysis identifies changes in S and M phases as novel cell cycle alterations induced by the splicing inhibitor isoginkgetin

The spliceosome is a large ribonucleoprotein complex that catalyzes the removal of introns from RNA polymerase II-transcribed RNAs. Spliceosome assembly occurs in a stepwise manner through specific intermediates referred to as pre-spliceosome complexes E, A, B, B* and C. It has been reported that small molecule inhibitors of the spliceosome that target the SF3B1 protein component ...

Factors associated with the number and size of renal angiomyolipomas in sporadic angiomyolipoma (sAML): a study of adult patients with sAML managed in a Dutch tertiary referral center

Purpose To describe the patient characteristics, treatments, disease monitoring, and kidney function of patients with sporadic angiomyolipoma (sAML), stratified by the number and size of renal angiomyolipomas (AMLs). Methods Single-center retrospective analysis of patients with sAML treated from 1990 to 2015 in a dedicated clinic for inheritable tumor syndromes in a tertiary ...

A friend in knee: CCN3 may inhibit osteoarthritis progression

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a major clinical problem among the ageing population, yet no disease-modifying treatments currently exist. This issue arises, in part, due to the complex processes occurring in the microenvironment of articular cartilage that lead to osteoarthritic changes. Gaining a better understanding of these processes is crucial in developing a viable therapy for OA. A ...

Who runs the international system? Nationality and leadership in the United Nations Secretariat

National governments frequently pull strings to get their citizens appointed to senior positions in international institutions. We examine, over a 60-year period, the nationalities of the most senior positions in the United Nations Secretariat, ostensibly the world’s most representative international institution. The results indicate which states are successful in this zero-sum ...

Early- and later-phases satellite cell responses and myonuclear content with resistance training in young men

Satellite cells (SC) are associated with skeletal muscle remodelling after muscle damage and/or extensive hypertrophy resulting from resistance training (RT). We recently reported that early increases in muscle protein synthesis (MPS) during RT appear to be directed toward muscle damage repair, but MPS contributes to hypertrophy with progressive muscle damage attenuation. However, ...

Taking two to tango: fMRI analysis of improvised joint action with physical contact

Many forms of joint action involve physical coupling between the participants, such as when moving a sofa together or dancing a tango. We report the results of a novel two-person functional MRI study in which trained couple dancers engaged in bimanual contact with an experimenter standing next to the bore of the magnet, and in which the two alternated between being the leader and ...

Facilitating healthcare decisions by assessing the certainty in the evidence from preclinical animal studies

Laboratory animal studies are used in a wide range of human health related research areas, such as basic biomedical research, drug research, experimental surgery and environmental health. The results of these studies can be used to inform decisions regarding clinical research in humans, for example the decision to proceed to clinical trials. If the research question relates to ...

Energy efficient temporal load aware resource allocation in cloud computing datacenters

Cloud computing datacenters consume huge amounts of energy, which has high cost and large environmental impact. There has been significant amount of research on dynamic power management, which shuts down unutilized equipment in a datacenter to reduce energy consumption. The main consumers of power in a datacenter are servers, communications network and the cooling system. ...

Molecular mapping of QTL alleles of Brassica oleracea affecting days to flowering and photosensitivity in spring Brassica napus

Earliness of flowering and maturity are important traits in spring Brassica napus canola–whether grown under long- or short-day condition. By use of a spring B. napus mapping population carrying the genome content of B. oleracea and testing this population under 10 to 18 h photoperiod and 18 to 20 0C (day) temperature conditions, we identified a major QTL on the chromosome C1 ...

The impact of electronic consultation on a Canadian tertiary care pediatric specialty referral system: A prospective single-center observational study

Background Champlain BASE™ (Building Access to Specialists through eConsultation) is a web-based asynchronous electronic communication service that allows primary-care- practitioners (PCPs) to submit “elective” clinical questions to a specialist. For adults, PCPs have reported improved access and timeliness to specialist advice, averted face-to-face specialist referrals in up to ...

Bioeconomic modeling for a small-scale sea cucumber fishery in Yucatan, Mexico

Due to the heavy exploitation of holothurians over the last few decades, it is necessary to implement fishing regulations aimed at reversing this situation. Holothurians require specific regulations that take into account their biology and ecology. Their behavior to group and form patches as a strategy for feeding, defense and reproduction, makes them vulnerable to overfishing. The ...

A national study of the unmet needs of support persons of haematological cancer survivors in rural and urban areas of Australia

Purpose This study aimed to compare support persons of haematological cancer survivors living in rural and urban areas in regard to the type, prevalence and factors associated with reporting unmet needs. Methods One thousand and four (792 urban and 193 rural) support persons of adults diagnosed with haematological cancer were recruited from five Australian state population-based ...