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The application of satellite-based model and bi-stable ecosystem balance concept to monitor desertification in arid lands, a case study of Sinai Peninsula

Desertification is responsible for depleting natural resources in arid lands, which is globally happening in an alarming rate. It is considered as the major environmental threat that affects about 40% of the world dry lands, which are populated by approximately one billion humans. In this paper the main objective is to discuss the recent and past research in monitoring and ...

Molecular imaging of the human pulmonary vascular endothelium in pulmonary hypertension: a phase II safety and proof of principle trial

Purpose The adrenomedullin receptor is densely expressed in the pulmonary vascular endothelium. PulmoBind, an adrenomedullin receptor ligand, was developed for molecular diagnosis of pulmonary vascular disease. We evaluated the safety of PulmoBind SPECT imaging and its capacity to detect pulmonary vascular disease associated with pulmonary hypertension (PH) in a human phase II ...

Fifteen years of microbiological investigation in Opalinus Clay at the Mont Terri rock laboratory (Switzerland)

Microbiological studies related to the geological disposal of radioactive waste have been conducted at the Mont Terri rock laboratory in Opalinus Clay, a potential host rock for a deep geologic repository, since 2002. The metabolic potential of microorganisms and their response to excavation-induced effects have been investigated in undisturbed and disturbed claystone cores and in ...

The Safety of Appropriate Use of Over-the-Counter Proton Pump Inhibitors: An Evidence-Based Review and Delphi Consensus

The availability of over-the-counter (OTC) proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) for the short-term (2 weeks) management of frequent heartburn (≥2 days/week) has increased markedly, yet evidence-based recommendations have not been developed. A panel of nine international experts in gastroesophageal reflux disease developed consensus statements regarding the risks and benefits of OTC PPIs ...

Dynamic modeling of TENORM exposure risk during drilling and production

Exposure to Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Nuclear Radioactive Material (TENORM) from oil and gas drilling and production activities can have effects on both the environment and workers involved in the industry. There is a significant lack of available information regarding dynamic modeling and risk assessment of TENORM occupational exposure in the oil and gas ...

Disciplinary variations in academic promotional writing: the case of statements of purpose

This paper explores disciplinary variations in academic promotional writing via a comparative analysis of statements of purpose (SoPs) written for different disciplines. A total of 100 SoPs written by English as an additional language (EAL) applicants from mainland China were collected, which were drawn from five academic disciplines: business, engineering, humanities, science and ...

Leaner and greener analysis of cannabinoids

There is an explosion in the number of labs analyzing cannabinoids in marijuana (Cannabis sativa L., Cannabaceae) but existing methods are inefficient, require expert analysts, and use large volumes of potentially environmentally damaging solvents. The objective of this work was to develop and validate an accurate method for analyzing cannabinoids in cannabis raw materials and ...

Floquet–Bloch solutions in a sawtooth photonic crystal

Band structure of a sawtooth photonic crystal for optical wave propagation along the axis of periodicity is investigated. Floquet–Bloch solutions are found and illustrated for the bandgaps, allowed bands, and bandedges of the crystal. Special attention is given to the cases where Floquet–Bloch solutions become periodic functions.

Effect of different concentrations of omega-3 fatty acids on stimulated THP-1 macrophages

Background Inflammation plays a central role in chronic diseases occurring in the contemporary society. The health benefits of omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids (FAs), mostly eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), have been reported. However, their mechanisms of action are poorly understood. We explored dose and time effects of EPA, DHA, and a mixture of EPA + DHA on ...

On biometric systems: electrocardiogram Gaussianity and data synthesis

Electrocardiogram is a slow signal to acquire, and it is prone to noise. It can be inconvenient to collect large number of ECG heartbeats in order to train a reliable biometric system; hence, this issue might result in a small sample size phenomenon which occurs when the number of samples is much smaller than the number of observations to model. In this paper, we study ECG ...

High-resolution mini-seismic methods applied in the Mont Terri rock laboratory (Switzerland)

We present several mini-seismic methods developed and applied in recent years in the Mont Terri rock laboratory. All these applications aimed at correlating and interpreting seismically derived parameters with relevant rock-mechanical parameters and findings. The complexity of the local site setting always required very high spatial and parameter resolution. Both, seismic P- and ...

Optimization of seasonal storage for community-level energy systems: status and needs

The status and needs relating to the optimal design of community seasonal energy storage are reported. Thermal energy storage research has often focused on technology development and integration into buildings, but little emphasis has been placed on the most advantageous use of thermal storage in community energy systems. Depending on the composition and characteristics of a ...

Effectiveness of Workplace Interventions in Return-to-Work for Musculoskeletal, Pain-Related and Mental Health Conditions: An Update of the Evidence and Messages for Practitioners

Purpose The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize evidence on the effectiveness of workplace-based return-to-work (RTW) interventions and work disability management (DM) interventions that assist workers with musculoskeletal (MSK) and pain-related conditions and mental health (MH) conditions with RTW. Methods We followed a systematic review process developed by the ...

Genotype Imputation Methods and Their Effects on Genomic Predictions in Cattle

In this study, we reviewed six imputation methods (Impute 2, FImpute 2.2, Beagle 4.1, Beagle 3.3.2, MaCH, and Bimbam) and evaluated the accuracy of imputation from simulated 6K bovine SNPs to 50K SNPs with 1800 beef cattle from two purebred and four crossbred populations and the impact of imputed genotypes on performance of genomic predictions for residual feed intake (RFI) in beef ...

Maintaining safety and efficacy for 3D printing in medicine

Background The increased and accelerating utilization of 3D printing in medicine opens up questions regarding safety and efficacy in the use of medical models. The authors recognize an important shift towards point-of-care manufacturing for medical models in a hospital environment. This change, and the role of the radiologist as a central facilitator of these services, opens ...

Waste prevention for sustainable resource and waste management

Although the 2Rs (reduce and reuse) are considered high-priority approaches, there has not been enough quantitative research on effective 2R management. The purpose of this paper is to provide information obtained through the International Workshop in Kyoto, Japan, on 11–13 November 2015, which included invited experts and researchers in several countries who were in charge of 3R ...