Advanced search    

Search: *

79,242 papers found. Showing first 1,000 results.
Use AND, OR, NOT, +word, -word, "long phrase", (parentheses) to fine-tune your search.

Accuracy of glomerular filtration rate equations for chronic kidney disease patients at the G3a stage: a single-center cross-sectional study

Background Kidney disease improving global outcomes provided a new classification for chronic kidney disease (CKD) by subdividing the G3 stage into G3a and G3b stages based on glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in 2012. Currently, a few methods are used to evaluate GFR, including measured GFR (mGFR) and estimated GFR (eGFR). One of the mGFR was 99mTc-DTPA scintigraphy method and eGFR ...

Altered expression profiles of microRNA families during de-etiolation of maize and rice leaves

Background MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are highly conserved small non-coding RNAs that play important regulatory roles in plants. Although many miRNA families are sequentially and functionally conserved across plant kingdoms (Dezulian et al. in Genome Biol 13, 2005), they still differ in many aspects such as family size, average length, genomic loci etc. (Unver et al. in Int J Plant ...

Biocontrol activities of bacteria from cowdung against the rice sheath blight pathogen

To discover bacteria with potential biocontrol activity against the rice sheath blight (RSB) pathogen, Rhizoctonia solani, cowdung (CD) associated bacteria were screened for antifungal activity a dual-culture method. Five potential biocontrol bacteria were identified to species-level based on their colony morphology, physiology, biochemical characteristics, utilization of carbon ...

Regulation of Sirtuin 3-Mediated Deacetylation of Cyclophilin D Attenuated Cognitive Dysfunction Induced by Sepsis-Associated Encephalopathy in Mice

The present study aimed to investigate cognitive dysfunction in the hippocampus induced by sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) via acetylation of cyclophilin D (CypD) and opening of mitochondrial permeability transition pore. It also explored whether activating sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) can mediate deacetylation of CypD and prevent the development of SAE. Male mice were randomly ...

Image retrieval by information fusion based on scalable vocabulary tree and robust Hausdorff distance

In recent years, Scalable Vocabulary Tree (SVT) has been shown to be effective in image retrieval. However, for general images where the foreground is the object to be recognized while the background is cluttered, the performance of the current SVT framework is restricted. In this paper, a new image retrieval framework that incorporates a robust distance metric and information ...

Spectral reconstruction of signals from periodic nonuniform subsampling based on a Nyquist folding scheme

Periodic nonuniform sampling occurs in many applications, and the Nyquist folding receiver (NYFR) is an efficient, low complexity, and broadband spectrum sensing architecture. In this paper, we first derive that the radio frequency (RF) sample clock function of NYFR is periodic nonuniform. Then, the classical results of periodic nonuniform sampling are applied to NYFR. We extend ...

Selective-Area Growth of Transferable InN Nanocolumns by Using Anodic Aluminum Oxide Nanotemplates

InN nanocolumn arrays were grown on c-plane sapphire with and without anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) nanotemplates. The crystalline quality of InN nanocolumns was significantly improved by selective-area growth (SAG) using AAO templates, as verified by X-ray diffraction measurements. Then, InN nanocolumns were transferred onto p-type silicon substrates after etching off the AAO ...

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification of Neisseria gonorrhoeae porA pseudogene: a rapid and reliable method to detect gonorrhea

Background and objective Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Rapid detection is crucial for effective prevention and treatment. This study developed and tested a low-cost effective method for detecting N. gonorrhoeae, especially in developing countries. Methods DNA from a N. gonorrhoeae standard strain, as well as from 26 ...

Chinese Norms for the Autism Spectrum Rating Scale

This study aimed to establish norms for the modified Chinese version of the Autism Spectrum Rating Scale (ASRS). Participants were recruited from Shanghai, Harbin, Guangzhou, and Changsha, China, and their parents and teachers were invited to complete the Chinese Parent version and the Teacher version of the ASRS. In both versions, boys had significantly higher sub-scale scores and ...

Cardiovascular Effects of Stimulant and Non-Stimulant Medication for Children and Adolescents with ADHD: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Trials of Methylphenidate, Amphetamines and Atomoxetine

Background Many children and adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are treated with stimulant and non-stimulant medication. ADHD medication may be associated with cardiovascular effects. It is important to identify whether mean group effects translate into clinically relevant increases for some individual patients, and/or increase the risk for serious ...

Reversible audio data hiding algorithm using noncausal prediction of alterable orders

This paper presents a reversible data hiding scheme for digital audio by using noncausal prediction of alterable orders. Firstly, the samples in a host signal are divided into the cross and the dot sets. Then, each sample in a set is estimated by using the past P samples and the future Q samples as prediction context. The order P + Q and the prediction coefficients are computed by ...

Context-Aware Recommendations with Random Partition Factorization Machines

Context plays an important role in helping users to make decisions. There are hierarchical structure between contexts and aggregation characteristics within the context in real scenarios. Exist works mainly focus on exploring the explicit hierarchy between contexts, while ignoring the aggregation characteristics within the context. In this work, we explore both of them so as to ...

Study on three independent parameters of focal mechanism solution

In this paper, the relationships of the plunges and azimuths of T and P axes versus the strikes, dips, and rakes of two seismic nodal planes were derived to provide reference for earthquake researchers. The independence of the plunges and azimuths of T, B, and P axes in focal mechanism solution was discussed, and it was concluded that three parameters, i.e., the azimuths of T, B ...

Misdiagnosis of cystic tuberculosis of the olecranon

Osteoarticular tuberculosis accounts for only 1–2% of all cases of tuberculosis, and tuberculosis of the olecranon is extremely rare. In the present study, we describe a case of a 54-year-old woman with cystic tuberculosis of the olecranon, which was initially misdiagnosed as a malignant tumor. The patient subsequently underwent regular antituberculosis treatment and autogenous ...

Functional connectivity of motor cortical network in patients with brachial plexus avulsion injury after contralateral cervical nerve transfer: a resting-state fMRI study

Introduction The purpose of this study is to assess the functional connectivity of the motor cortical network in patients with brachial plexus avulsion injury (BPAI) after contralateral C7 nerve transfer, using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (RS-fMRI). Methods Twelve patients with total brachial plexus root avulsion underwent RS-fMRI after contralateral C7 ...