Advanced search    

Search: *

79,405 papers found. Showing first 1,000 results.
Use AND, OR, NOT, +word, -word, "long phrase", (parentheses) to fine-tune your search.

Disrupted functional connectivity of periaqueductal gray subregions in episodic migraine

Background The periaqueductal gray (PAG) dysfunction was recognized in migraine, and the altered dysfunction of PAG subregions were not totally detected up to now. The aim of this study is to investigate the altered functional connectivity of PAG subregions in EM patients. Methods The brain structural images and resting state functional MR imaging (rs-fMRI) data were obtained from ...

Optical fiber grating vibration sensor for vibration monitoring of hydraulic pump

In view of the existing electrical vibration monitoring traditional hydraulic pump vibration sensor, the high false alarm rate is susceptible to electromagnetic interference and is not easy to achieve long-term reliable monitoring, based on the design of a beam of the uniform strength structure of the fiber Bragg grating (FBG) vibration sensor. In this paper, based on the analysis ...

Epidural spinal angiolipoma: a case series

Background Spinal angiolipomas (SAL) are rare benign tumors, commonly presenting with slow progressive spinal cord compression. There are only about 170 cases identified so far. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become the modality of choice for SAL. The purpose of this article is to report three cases of SAL and their characteristic MRI features. Case presentation Three cases ...

Compared to the amniotic membrane, Wharton’s jelly may be a more suitable source of mesenchymal stem cells for cardiovascular tissue engineering and clinical regeneration

Background The success of developing cardiovascular tissue engineering (CTE) grafts greatly needs a readily available cell substitute for endothelial and interstitial cells. Perinatal annexes have been proposed as a valuable source of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the potential of ...

Bending back stress chains and unique behaviour of granular matter in cylindrical geometries

We analyse the general solutions for the stress field in planar annuli of isostatic media, a model often used for marginally rigid granular materials in Couette cells. We demonstrate that these solutions are much richer than in rectangular symmetries. Even for uniform media, stress chains are found to curve, broaden away from the stress source, attenuate and leak stress into a cone ...

Dysregulated systemic lymphocytes affect the balance of osteogenic/adipogenic differentiation of bone mesenchymal stem cells after local irradiation

Background While it is known that irradiation can induce local and systemic bone loss over time, how focal irradiation induces systemic bone complications remains unclear. Immune cells are thought to be crucial to bone homeostasis, and abnormal immune cells lead to serious disruption of bone homeostasis, such as in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. This disruption primarily occurs due ...

Efficient method of two-dimensional DOA estimation for coherent signals

An effective decoherence method called the fourth-order cumulants-based improved Toeplitz matrices reconstruction (FOC-ITMR) is addressed for two-dimensional (2-D) direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation of coherent signals. To avoid the loss of the array’s physical aperture, the FOC-ITMR method fully utilizes the information of received data from the whole two parallel uniform ...

c-Jun Amino-Terminal Kinase is Involved in Valproic Acid-Mediated Neuronal Differentiation of Mouse Embryonic NSCs and Neurite Outgrowth of NSC-Derived Neurons

Valproic acid (VPA), an anticonvulsant and mood-stabilizing drug, can induce neuronal differentiation, promote neurite extension and exert a neuroprotective effect in central nervous system (CNS) injuries; however, comparatively little is known regarding its action on mouse embryonic neural stem cells (NSCs) and the underlying molecular mechanism. Recent studies suggested that ...

Pricing Decision in a Two-Echelon Supply Chain with Competing Retailers Under Uncertain Environment

This paper explores a supply chain pricing competition problem in a two-echelon supply chain with one manufacturer and two competing retailers. The manufacturing costs, sales costs, and market bases are all characterized as uncertain variables whose distributions are estimated by experts’ experienced data. In consideration of channel members’ different market powers, three ...

Using integrated correlative cryo-light and electron microscopy to directly observe syntaphilin-immobilized neuronal mitochondria in situ

Correlative cryo-fluorescence and cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-CLEM) system has been fast becoming a powerful technique with the advantage to allow the fluorescent labeling and direct visualization of the close-to-physiologic ultrastructure in cells at the same time, offering unique insights into the ultrastructure with specific cellular function. There have been various ...

Hybrid wireless networks with FIB-based Named Data Networking

In Named Data Networking (NDN) architecture, packets carry data names rather than source or destination addresses. To realize this paradigm, each NDN router maintains three data structures CS, PIT, FIB in the forwarding plane. Designing a quick enough forwarding plane with high capacity is a major challenge within the overall NDN research area. In this paper, we present a novel ...

Microwave Hydrothermal Synthesis of Terbium Ions Complexed with Porous Graphene for Effective Absorbent for Organic Dye

A luminescent terbium ions/reduced graphene oxide complex (Tb-RGO) was successfully and rapidly synthesized by the microwave hydrothermal reaction via the interactions between terbium ions and the active oxygen functional groups of graphene oxide. The as-prepared material was porous stacked by multilayer graphene in all directions. Thus, the resulting product owed the high specific ...

Reduction of relative centrifugal forces increases growth factor release within solid platelet-rich-fibrin (PRF)-based matrices: a proof of concept of LSCC (low speed centrifugation concept)

Purpose The present study evaluated the platelet distribution pattern and growth factor release (VEGF, TGF-β1 and EGF) within three PRF (platelet-rich-fibrin) matrices (PRF, A-PRF and A-PRF+) that were prepared using different relative centrifugation forces (RCF) and centrifugation times. Materials and methods immunohistochemistry was conducted to assess the platelet distribution ...

Evaluation of organic amendment on the effect of cadmium bioavailability in contaminated soils using the DGT technique and traditional methods

Organic amendments have been widely proposed as a remediation technology for metal-contaminated soils, but there exist controversial results on their effectiveness. In this study, the effect of pig manure addition on cadmium (Cd) bioavailability in Cd-contaminated soils was systematically evaluated by one dynamic, in situ technique of diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) and ...

Mesenchymal stem cells increase expression of heme oxygenase-1 leading to anti-inflammatory activity in treatment of acute liver failure

Background Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been studied for the treatment of acute liver failure (ALF) for several years. MSCs may exert their effect via complex paracrine mechanisms. Heme oxygenase (HO) 1, a rate-limiting enzyme in heme metabolism, exerts a wide range of anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic and immunoregulatory effects in a variety of diseases. However, the ...

An enhanced active caching strategy for data-intensive computations in distributed GIS

Caching can prepare data for computational tasks in advance by tracking the requirements and behaviors of distributed geographical information systems to reduce network latency and improve computational performance. This paper presents an enhanced method to actively cache data for data-intensive computations that considers both data relationships and the timeliness of those ...