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Compilation of a regionally extended inter-country input–output table and its application to global value chain analyses

Studies on the rise of global value chains (GVCs) have attracted a great deal of interest in the recent economics literature. However, due to statistical and methodological challenges, most existing researches ignore domestic regional heterogeneity in assessing the impact of joining GVCs. GVCs are supported not only directly by domestic regions that export goods and services to the ...

Handpad: a virtual mouse for controlling laptops in a smart home

This study investigates the possibilities of equipping fixed furniture with touch screens to control laptops or other smart home devices, to create a holistic smart home control system. Although multi-touch screens have recently been integrated into desktop use, most users prefer a classical mouse for desktop input. This study introduces Handpad, which is a new indirect touch input ...

Effect of drying–wetting cycles on aggregate breakdown for yellow–brown earths in karst areas

Background Drying and rewetting process, frequently occurred during climatic changes, is an important process in soil aggregate slacking and dissolution. The severer interference of human activities on global climate makes the extreme climate scenarios like drought and rainstorm occur frequently. Therefore, there is necessity to further our understanding on the impact of the ...

Investigation of a real-time location system of corneal astigmatic axis

Background To construct a real-time computerized location system (RCLS) to analyze and display the axis of corneal astigmatism and to compare its accuracy with the Scheimpflug method. Methods Fifty-seven eyes of 39 volunteers with corneal astigmatism more than 1.00 diopter (D) were recruited. The RCLS was composed of a circular light-emitting diode (LED) light source, surgical ...

Can returnee managers promote CSR performance? Evidence from China

With growing economic globalization, returnee managers who have obtained education or work experience overseas play a much more crucial role in corporations, especially in emerging economies. Using hand-collected managerial background data from a sample of firms listed on the Shanghai and Shenzhen Stock Exchanges from 2010 to 2014, this paper investigates the impact of returnee ...

The novel protein C3orf43 accelerates hepatocyte proliferation

Background Our previous study found that single-pass membrane protein with coiled-coil domains 1 (C3orf43; XM_006248472.3) was significantly upregulated in the proliferative phase during liver regeneration. This indicates that C3orf43 plays a vital role in liver cell proliferation. However, its physiological functions remains unclear. Methods The expressions of C3orf43 in BRL-3A ...

A comprehensive analysis of coherent rainfall patterns in China and potential drivers. Part II: intraseasonal variability

The causes of subseasonal precipitation variability in China are investigated using observations and reanalysis data for extended winter (November–April) and summer (May–October) seasons from 1982 to 2007. For each season, the three dominant regions of coherent intraseasonal variability are identified with Empirical Orthogonal Teleconnection (EOT) analysis. While previous studies ...

A step forward toward effectively using hyperspectral IR sounding information in NWP

搭载在气象卫星上的作为全球观测资料重要来源之一的高光谱分辨率红外(IR)探测仪器, 例如搭载于 Aqua 卫星上的 AIRS, Metop-A/B 卫星上的 IASI 以及 SNPP 卫星上的 CrIS, 其观测数据通过同化应用到业务数值天气预报(NWP)模式, 能够改进数值天气预报. 在全部的卫星观测中, 红外和微波探测器的观测对数值天气预报技术具有最重要的影响(Joo 等, 2013; Cucurull 和Anthes, 2014). 虽然先进的红外探测器在数值天气预报系统中占有重要地位, 但由于其观测数据量巨大, 在全部可用的通道中也只有数百个通道的观测可被同化利用. 例如, AIRS, IAS I和CrIS 分别拥有 2372, 8461 和 1305 个观测通道, 也只有部分观测通道被主要的业务中心同化应用到了数值天气预报模式中. ...

Hierarchical Heterostructure of ZnO@TiO2 Hollow Spheres for Highly Efficient Photocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution

The rational design and preparation of hierarchical nanoarchitectures are critical for enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). Herein, well-integrated hollow ZnO@TiO2 heterojunctions were obtained by a simple hydrothermal method. This unique hierarchical heterostructure not only caused multiple reflections which enhances the light absorption but also improved the ...

Thioredoxin 1 is associated with the proliferation and apoptosis of rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes

We aimed to investigate the possible effects of thioredoxin 1 (Trx1) on the proliferation and apoptosis of rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes (RA-FLSs) and elucidate the possible mechanisms involved. We investigated the distribution and expression of Trx1 in synovial tissues from RA and osteoarthritis (OA) patients by immunohistochemistry and real-time polymerase ...

The effect of migration on social capital and depression among older adults in China

Purpose An estimated 9 million elderly people accompanied their adult children to urban areas in China, raising concerns about their social capital and mental health following re-location. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of migration on social capital and depression among this population. Methods Multistage stratified cluster sampling was applied to recruit the ...

DNA hypomethylation of a transcription factor binding site within the promoter of a gout risk gene NRBP1 upregulates its expression by inhibition of TFAP2A binding

Background Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified dozens of loci associated with gout, but for most cases, the risk genes and the underlying molecular mechanisms contributing to these associations are unknown. This study sought to understand the molecular mechanism of a common genetic variant, rs780093, in the development of gout, both in vitro and in vivo. Results ...

Global Existence Analysis of Cross-Diffusion Population Systems for Multiple Species

The existence of global-in-time weak solutions to reaction-cross-diffusion systems for an arbitrary number of competing population species is proved. The equations can be derived from an on-lattice random-walk model with general transition rates. In the case of linear transition rates, it extends the two-species population model of Shigesada, Kawasaki, and Teramoto. The equations ...

Hardy’s inequalities for the twisted convolution with Laguerre functions

In this article, two types of Hardy’s inequalities for the twisted convolution with Laguerre functions are studied. The proofs are mainly based on an estimate for the Heisenberg left-invariant vectors of the special Hermite functions deduced by the Heisenberg group approach.

Aggregated impact of allowance allocation and power dispatching on emission reduction

Climate change has become one of the most important issues for the sustainable development of social well-being. China has made great efforts in reducing CO2 emissions and promoting clean energy. Pilot Emission Trading Systems (ETSs) have been launched in two provinces and five cities in China, and a national level ETS will be implemented in the third quarter of 2017, with ...

Development of high temperature acoustic emission sensing system using fiber Bragg grating

In some applications in structural health monitoring (SHM), the acoustic emission (AE) detection technology is used in the high temperature environment. In this paper, a high-temperature-resistant AE sensing system is developed based on the fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensor. A novel high temperature FBG AE sensor is designed with a high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) compared with the ...

Longitudinal train dynamics of electric multiple units under rescue

Once operating trains are disabled on the railway lines, an efficient manner is to utilize the train for train rescue. Owning to the different train and coupler types, it is difficult to formulate uniform regulations for train to train rescue. In this paper, the longitudinal train dynamics of electric multiple units under rescue were analyzed by field and laboratory tests. The ...

Successive Release of Tissue Inhibitors of Metalloproteinase-1 Through Graphene Oxide-Based Delivery System Can Promote Skin Regeneration

The purpose of this study was to testify the hypothesis that graphene oxide (GO) could act as an appropriate vehicle for the release of tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) protein in the context of skin repair. GO characteristics were observed by scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, and thermal gravimetric analysis. After TIMP-1 absorbing GO, the ...