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Analysis of the Association of A Heat Shock Protein70-1 Gene Promoter Polymorphism With Myocardial Infarction and Coronary Risk Traits

Heat shock proteins (HSP) are induced during coronary ischaemia, and abnormal expression of one HSP gene may cause hypertension in rats, We examined association of a promoter polymorphism in the major stress-inducible hsp70 gene (hsp70-1 or HSP70A1) on chromosome 6 (p21.3) with coronary disease traits, This C→A base substitution (AAACCCC) is at nucleotide position -110 in the...

An algebraic framework of weighted directed graphs

We show that an algebraic formulation of weighted directed graphs leads to introducing a k-vector space equipped with two coproducts Δ and Δ˜ verifying the so-called coassociativity breaking equation (Δ˜⊗id)Δ=(id⊗Δ)Δ˜. Such a space is called an L-coalgebra. Explicit examples of such spaces are constructed and links between graph theory and coassociative coalgebras are given.

Variational and numerical analysis of the Signorini′s contact problem in viscoplasticity with damage

We consider the quasistatic Signorini′s contact problem with damage for elastic-viscoplastic bodies. The mechanical damage of the material, caused by excessive stress or strain, is described by a damage function whose evolution is modeled by an inclusion of parabolic type. We provide a variational formulation for the mechanical problem and sketch a proof of the existence of a...

Shifting patterns of seasonal influenza epidemics

Seasonal waves of influenza display a complex spatiotemporal pattern resulting from the interplay of biological, sociodemographic, and environmental factors. At country level many studies characterized the robust properties of annual epidemics, depicting a typical season. Here we analyzed season-by-season variability, introducing a clustering approach to assess the deviations...

A global checklist of the Bombycoidea (Insecta: Lepidoptera)

This checklist represents the first effort to synthesize the current taxonomic treatment of the entire superfamily. It includes 12,159 names and references to their authors, and it accounts for the recent burst in species and subspecies descriptions within family Saturniidae (ca. 1,500 within the past 10 years) and to a lesser extent in Sphingidae (ca. 250 species over the same...

Updated checklist of Poa in the Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands

Based on our study of 4,845 herbarium sheets of the genus Poa from the area covered by Flora iberica, namely, the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands, we recognise 24 taxa (17 species, 1 subspecies and 8 varieties), mostly perennials. Most of these taxa have wide global and/or European distributions, while two (P. legionensis and P. minor subsp. nevadensis) are Spanish...

The lichens of the Alps – an annotated checklist

This is the first attempt to provide an overview of the lichen diversity of the Alps, one of the biogegraphically most important and emblematic mountain systems worldwide. The checklist includes all lichenised species, plus a set of non- or doubtfully lichenised taxa frequently treated by lichenologists, excluding non-lichenised lichenicolous fungi. Largely based on recent...

Fine-scale interactions between habitat quality and genetic variation suggest an impact of grazing on the critically endangered Crau Plain grasshopper (Pamphagidae: Prionotropis rhodanica)

The Crau Plain grasshopper, Prionotropis rhodanica Uvarov, 1923 (Orthoptera: Pamphagidae: Thrinchinae), is a rare grasshopper species endemic to the Crau Plain, a steppic habitat in France with unique floristic and faunistic communities. During recent decades, the area covered by these steppic grasslands has been highly reduced and fragmented due to the development of irrigation...

23rd International Colloquium on Animal Cytogenetics and Genomics (23 ICACG) June 9–12, 2018, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

In memory of Ingemar Gustavsson 23rd International Colloquium on Animal Cytogenetics and Genomics (23 ICACG) took place in June 9–12, 2018 in Saint-Petersburg, Russia. Organized biennially, the Colloquium runs from 1970. From its very start this meeting is associated with the name of Ingemar Gustavsson to whom we dedicated the Colloquium 2018. The long and productive career of...

Facet joint syndrome: from diagnosis to interventional management

Low back pain (LBP) is the most common pain syndrome, and is an enormous burden and cost generator for society. Lumbar facet joints (FJ) constitute a common source of pain, accounting for 15–45% of LBP. Facet joint degenerative osteoarthritis is the most frequent form of facet joint pain. History and physical examination may suggest but not confirm facet joint syndrome. Although...

Relationship between digestive tract colonization and subsequent ventilator-associated pneumonia related to ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae

Background Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common ICU-acquired infection. Recently, the incidence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBLE) has substantially increased in critically ill patients. Identifying patients at risk for VAP related to ESBLE could be helpful to improve the rate of appropriate initial antibiotic treatment...

SyMiLa and the Atlas linguistique de la France: A tool for the study of Gallo-Romance syntax

This paper presents different ways in which the Gallo-Romance data of the Atlas linguistique de la France (ALF) can contribute to syntactic description, typology and analysis. After briefly presenting the SyMiLa project, which aims at making such data accessible, it presents four case-studies. The first one focuses on wh-questions, which provide a horizontal perspective over the...

Galectin-3 level predicts response to ablation and outcomes in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation and systolic heart failure

Introduction Mechanisms of maintenance of both atrial fibrillation and structural left ventricular disease are known to include fibrosis. Galectin-3, a biomarker of fibrosis, is elevated both in patients with heart failure and persistent atrial fibrillation. We sought to find whether galectin-3 has a prognostic value in patients with heart failure and a reduced left ventricular...

How accurate are runners’ prospective predictions of their race times?

Metacognition is a domain which has illuminated our understanding of the regulation of cognition, but has yet to be applied in detail to more physical activities. We used half marathon finish time predictions from 7211 runners to investigate the factors that influence running performance metacognitive accuracy. In particular, we were concerned with the effects of experience...

Molecular characterization of Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum in Switzerland and France with a new multilocus sequence typing scheme

Syphilis is an important public health problem and an increasing incidence has been noted in recent years. Characterization of strain diversity through molecular data plays a critical role in the epidemiological understanding of this re-emergence. We here propose a new high-resolution multilocus sequence typing (MLST) scheme for Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum (TPA). We...

Analytical Stationary Acoustic Wave in a Liquid over Which a Moving Pressure Runs

This paper presents an analytical study of the stationary response of a liquid loaded on its free surface by an ideal pressure step moving in a constant direction at a constant velocity. The acoustic pressure in the liquid is found, in four different examples, by means of the Fourier Transform. Two loading regimes are considered; subsonic and supersonic. Two configurations of...

No evidence for a putative involvement of platelet-activating factor in systemic lupus erythematosus without active nephritis

Background: Platelet-activating factor (PAF) seems to be implicated in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients with associated renal diseases.Aims: In this study, we ensured the role of PAF in SLE patients without renal complications.

Intracerebral Transplants and Memory Dysfunction: Circuitry Repair or Functional Level Setting?

Intracerebral grafting techniques of fetal neural cells have been used essentially with two main types of lesion paradigms, namely damage to long projection systems, in which the source and the target are clearly separate, and damage to neurons that are involved in local circuits within a small (sub)region of the brain. With the’first lesion paradigm, grafts placed homotopically...

Analysis of the Association of A Heat Shock Protein70-1 Gene Promoter Polymorphism With Myocardial Infarction and Coronary Risk Traits

Heat shock proteins (HSP) are induced during coronary ischaemia, and abnormal expression of one HSP gene may cause hypertension in rats, We examined association of a promoter polymorphism in the major stress-inducible hsp70 gene (hsp70-1 or HSP70A1) on chromosome 6 (p21.3) with coronary disease traits, This C→A base substitution (AAACCCC) is at nucleotide position -110 in the...