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The self-concept life cycle and brand perceptions: An interdisciplinary perspective

Consumer research has paid scant attention to the full spectrum of a consumer’s self-concept life cycle and its subsequent impact on brand attitude. This article presents a conceptual framework that provides the foundation for future research on how the self-concept, across its full life cycle, impacts brand attitude. The article considers the development of the self-concept from ...

Stealth dicing of sapphire wafers with near infra-red femtosecond pulses

The quality of the reflecting faces after dicing is critical for the fabrication of efficient and stable laser diodes emitting in the green–violet region. However, high-quality faces can be difficult to achieve for devices grown on a sapphire substrate as this material is difficult to cleave cleanly. We have therefore investigated a technology known as “stealth dicing”. The ...

The social and scientific values that shape national climate scenarios: a comparison of the Netherlands, Switzerland and the UK

This paper seeks to understand why climate information is produced differently from country to country. To do this, we critically examined and compared the social and scientific values that shaped the production of three national climate scenarios in the Netherlands, Switzerland and the UK. A comparative analysis of documentary materials and expert interviews linked to the climate ...

Exploring the relationship between perceived barriers to healthy eating and dietary behaviours in European adults

Purpose Dietary behaviours may be influenced by perceptions of barriers to healthy eating. Using data from a large cross-European study (N = 5900), we explored associations between various perceived barriers to healthy eating and dietary behaviours among adults from urban regions in five European countries and examined whether associations differed across regions and ...

Understanding Action and Adventure Sports Participation—An Ecological Dynamics Perspective

Previous research has considered action and adventure sports using a variety of associated terms and definitions which has led to confusing discourse and contradictory research findings. Traditional narratives have typically considered participation exclusively as the pastime of young people with abnormal characteristics or personalities having unhealthy and pathological tendencies ...

Correlated GNSS and temperature measurements at 10-minute intervals on the Severn Suspension Bridge

Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) data were gathered on the 998-m-long Severn Suspension Bridge main span. The antennas were located on the tops of the four support towers, as well as five locations on the suspension cables; data were gathered at rates of 10 and 20 Hz. In addition, air and steel temperatures were gathered every 10 min. The GNSS data were processed in an On ...

Low-carbon development strategy for the West African electricity system: preliminary assessment using System dynamics approach

Background Policy makers seek to understand the trade-offs needed between economic growth and climate change. This provides the context to explore low-carbon development (LCD) pathways for the West African electricity system. Methods The study relied on both primary and secondary sources to elicit required information. These data were elicited from relevant authorities in the West ...

Many-objective optimization for coordinated operation of integrated electricity and gas network

This paper develops a many-objective optimization model, which contains objectives representing the interests of the electricity and gas networks, as well as the distributed district heating and cooling units, to coordinate the benefits of all parties participated in the integrated energy system (IES). In order to solve the many-objective optimization model efficiently, an improved ...

Providing safe motherhood services to underserved and neglected populations in Yemen: the case for vouchers

States of fragility and insecurity often give rise to urgent health needs that need to be met quickly and effectively, particularly for women and adolescents. Vouchers are a demand-side financing mechanism which can be used to address some of the health challenges faced by women under these circumstances. A number of organisations have begun to use vouchers to enable access to ...

The Leukocentric Theory of Neurological Disorder: A Manifesto

Approximately half of the human brain is composed of white matter (WM), a specialized tissue housing the axonal projection of neurons and their necessary supporting glial cells. Axons course long distances from their parent soma, have a delicate structure, large surface area and in many cases are dependent upon a uniquely close morphological arrangement with myelinating ...

Starvation signals in yeast are integrated to coordinate metabolic reprogramming and stress response to ensure longevity

Studies on replicative and chronological aging in Saccharomyces cerevisiae have greatly advanced our understanding of how longevity is regulated in all eukaryotes. Chronological lifespan (CLS) of yeast is defined as the age-dependent viability of non-dividing cell populations. A number of nutrient sensing and signal transduction pathways (mainly TOR and PKA) have been shown to ...

Prevalence, predictors, and prognostic implications of residual impairment of functional capacity after transcatheter aortic valve implantation

Background Patients with degenerative aortic stenosis (AS) referred for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) typically have advanced cardiac and vascular adverse remodeling and multiple comorbidities and, therefore, might not recover a normal functional capacity after valve replacement. We sought to investigate the prevalence, the predictors, and the prognostic impact of ...

Exaggerated Sexual Swellings and the Probability of Conception in Wild Sanje Mangabeys (Cercocebus sanjei)

Females of several catarrhine primate species exhibit exaggerated sexual swellings that change in size and coloration during the menstrual cycle and, in some species, gestation. Although their function remains under debate, studies indicate that swellings may contain information males could use to discern ovulation and the probability that a cycle will be conceptive. Here we ...

Epistemic Virtues Versus Ethical Values in the Financial Services Sector

In his important recent book, Ethics and the Global Financial Crisis: Why Incompetence is Worse than Greed (2015), Boudewijn de Bruin argues that a key element of the global financial crisis of 2007–2008 was a failure of epistemic (i.e. knowledge-based) virtue. To improve matters, then, de Bruin argues we need to focus on the acquisition and exercise of epistemic virtues, rather ...

A pan-neotropical analysis of hunting preferences

Hunting in the neotropics is a widespread form of resource extraction. However, there is increasing concern that current activities are leading to the decline and extirpation of vulnerable species; particulary ateline primates, large ungulates (such as tapirs and white-lipped peccaries) and large birds such as curassows. Hunting patterns are expected to be a product of two ...

Effectiveness of Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Non-emergency Cholecystectomy Using Data from a Population-Based Cohort Study

Background There is a variation in the administration of antibiotics prophylaxis to reduce the perceived risk of SSI in patients undergoing non-emergency cholecystectomy. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis following non-emergency cholecystectomy to prevent 30-day superficial surgical site infections (SSIs) using non-selected, ...

What Does “Without Loss of Generality” Mean, and How Do We Detect It

When one goes from a geometrical statement to an algebraic statement, the immediate translation is to replace every point by a pair of coordinates, if in the plane (or more as required). A statement with N points is then a statement with 2N (or 3N or more) variables, and the complexity of tools like cylindrical algebraic decomposition is doubly exponential in the number of ...