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Defining Information Security

This article proposes a new definition of information security, the ‘Appropriate Access’ definition. Apart from providing the basic criteria for a definition—correct demarcation and meaning concerning the state of security—it also aims at being a definition suitable for any information security perspective. As such, it bridges the conceptual divide between so-called ‘soft issues’ ...

How Brunei trainee teachers cope with distress: counseling implications

Objective This study investigated the strategies used by student teachers when dealing with distress during training. Specifically, this study addressed the following research goals: (1) identify Ways of Coping that predict achievement on a quantitative reasoning test; (2) determine participants’ coping differences per sex, age, and ability in quantitative reasoning; and (3) reveal ...

The Efficacy of Biologic Therapy for the Management of Palmoplantar Psoriasis and Palmoplantar Pustulosis: A Systematic Review

Introduction Palmoplantar psoriasis (PP) and palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP) are diseases affecting the hands and/or feet that can cause marked physical discomfort and functional disability. The tumor necrosis factor-alpha antagonists adalimumab, etanercept, and infliximab, the interleukin (IL)-17A inhibitors ixekizumab and secukinumab, and the IL-23 or IL-12/IL-23 inhibitors ...

Exact solutions for the collaborative pickup and delivery problem

In this study we investigate the decision problem of a central authority in pickup and delivery carrier collaborations. Customer requests are to be redistributed among participants, such that the total cost is minimized. We formulate the problem as multi-depot traveling salesman problem with pickups and deliveries. We apply three well-established exact solution approaches and ...

Civilizational Analysis, Political Discourse, and the Reception of Western Modernity in Post-Soviet Russia

Official political discourse retains a special importance since the communicative practices of the political elites generate interpretations and meanings, which are able to become programmatic for the design and arrangement of the main societal domains. This paper considers civilizational analysis and associated multiple modernities theory as a promising framework for understanding ...

Selective medial soft tissue release combined with tibial reduction osteotomy in total knee arthroplasty

To obtain the correct coronal alignment and balancing in flexion and extension, we established a selective medial release technique and investigated the effectiveness and safety of the technique during primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Four hundred sixty-six primary TKAs with varus deformity were prospectively evaluated between June 2013 and June 2015. A knee joint position ...

Prognostic significance of cytokeratin 19 expression in pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor: A meta-analysis

Background Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (PNET) comprises 1–2% of all pancreatic tumors, but its incidence is increasing. Although many studies have investigated the correlation between cytokeratin 19 (CK-19) and PNET, the prognostic significance of CK-19 expression in PNET is inconclusive. Methods Eligible studies were retrieved from Pubmed, Elsevier, Embase, Cochrane Library ...

Exposure time, running and skill-related performance in international u20 rugby union players during an intensified tournament

Purpose This study investigated exposure time, running and skill-related performance in two international u20 rugby union teams during an intensified tournament: the 2015 Junior World Rugby Championship. Method Both teams played 5 matches in 19 days. Analyses were conducted using global positioning system (GPS) tracking (Viper 2™, Statsports Technologies Ltd) and event coding (Opta ...

UniversitätsSpital Zürich: 80 years of neurosurgical patient care in Switzerland

Background The predecessor of today’s Department of Neurosurgery, UniversitätsSpital Zürich (USZ), was founded 80 years ago as the first independent Swiss clinic dedicated to neurosurgical patient care. On the occasion of this anniversary, we aimed to highlight the history of neurosurgery as a specialty at the USZ, and to put it into the historical context of Swiss and European ...

A non-linear data mining parameter selection algorithm for continuous variables

In this article, we propose a new data mining algorithm, by which one can both capture the non-linearity in data and also find the best subset model. To produce an enhanced subset of the original variables, a preferred selection method should have the potential of adding a supplementary level of regression analysis that would capture complex relationships in the data via ...

Comparative epidemiology of porcine circovirus type 3 in pigs with different clinical presentations

Porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV3), as an emerging circovirus species, was reported to be widely circulating in the United States, China, South Korea and Poland. Previous studies revealed that PCV3 was mainly concentrated in sick animals with respiratory disease, skin disease, reproductive disorders and so on. However, the circulating status of PCV3 in pigs with other clinical ...

Are We All in This Together? Enforcing Class Arbitration Waivers

Mandatory class arbitration waivers are increasingly common in employment agreements. It is estimated that forty-three percent of companies have mandatory class arbitration waivers. Employees sign them because they either do not believe they will ever have a major problem with their employer, they believe arbitration is a cheaper and faster method of dispute resolution, or they ...

Correction to: The metabolic cost of nesting: body condition and blood parameters of Caiman crocodilus and Melanosuchus niger in Central Amazonia

Although nesting ecology is well studied in several crocodilian species, it is not known how nest attendance influences physiology and body condition of nesting females. In this study, we describe body condition and serum biochemical values of nesting female, non-nesting female and male spectacled caiman (Caiman crocodilus) and black caiman (Melanosuchus niger) in two areas of ...

THE NÉRON–SEVERI LIE ALGEBRA OF A SOERGEL MODULE

We introduce the Néron–Severi Lie algebra of a Soergel module and we determine it for a large class of Schubert varieties. This is achieved by investigating which Soergel modules admit a tensor decomposition. We also use the Néron–Severi Lie algebra to provide an easy proof of the well-known fact that a Schubert variety is rationally smooth if and only if its Betti numbers satisfy ...

Pulmonary immune responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis in exposed individuals

Background Blood based Interferon-(IFN)-γ release assays (IGRAs) have a poor predictive value for the development of tuberculosis. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between IGRAs and pulmonary immune responses in tuberculosis contacts in Germany. Methods IGRAs were performed on bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cells and peripheral blood from close healthy contacts of ...

Surgical management of spinal solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma: a case series of 20 patients

Purpose Spinal solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma (SFT/HPC), a rare mesenchymal tumor that arises from pericytes of Zimmerman, comprises only 0.08% of all primary bone tumors and 0.1% of primary malignant bone tumor and rarely occurs in the spine. We attempt to correlate the clinical factors and different treatment options with the recurrence rate and overall survival of ...

Gardening for Wildlife: Tree canopy and small-scale planting influences on arthropod and bird abundance

Do urban gardens restored with native shrubs contribute towards conservation of birds? Portland, Oregon, is a mid-sized city with many restored yard habitats and nearby regional natural areas, with yards varying in the degree of native plantings and the sizes and groupings of the yards involved. We studied several of the purported ecological benefits attributed to these widespread, ...

Potentially Harmful Medication Use and Decline in Health-Related Quality of Life among Community-Dwelling Older Adults

Background Several scales to quantify the impact of potentially harmful medications (PHMs) have been shown to predict mortality and functional decline; however, the effect of PHMs on quality of life (QoL) has not been well-studied. Objective The aims of this study were to investigate an association between PHM use and change in health-related QoL among community-dwelling older ...

Impact of Added Copper and Chlortetracycline on Growth Performance of Nursery Pigs

A total of 320 nursery pigs (DNA 200 × 400 barrows; initially 16.3 lb BW) were used in a 28-d trial to determine the effect of copper (Cu) and chlortetracycline (CTC), fed alone or in combination, on growth performance of weanling pigs. Pigs were weaned at approximately 21 d of age and fed a common pelleted starter diet (non-medicated) for 7 d after weaning. Pigs were allotted to ...