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Daylighting performance in UAE traditional buildings used as museums

This article investigates how daylight performs in traditional UAE buildings that were turned into museums with specific focus on museum lighting requirements and effect on artefacts. The study used several methods such as on-site measurements, data collection and analysis, and computer simulation. It depended on the climate-based daylighting metric daylighting autonomy. The...

A new class of antibacterials, the imidazopyrazinones, reveal structural transitions involved in DNA gyrase poisoning and mechanisms of resistance

Imidazopyrazinones (IPYs) are a new class of compounds that target bacterial topoisomerases as a basis for their antibacterial activity. We have characterized the mechanism of these compounds through structural/mechanistic studies showing they bind and stabilize a cleavage complex between DNA gyrase and DNA (‘poisoning’) in an analogous fashion to fluoroquinolones, but without...

Reconstructing spatial organizations of chromosomes through manifold learning

Decoding the spatial organizations of chromosomes has crucial implications for studying eukaryotic gene regulation. Recently, chromosomal conformation capture based technologies, such as Hi-C, have been widely used to uncover the interaction frequencies of genomic loci in a high-throughput and genome-wide manner and provide new insights into the folding of three-dimensional (3D...

Mining for recurrent long-range interactions in RNA structures reveals embedded hierarchies in network families

The wealth of the combinatorics of nucleotide base pairs enables RNA molecules to assemble into sophisticated interaction networks, which are used to create complex 3D substructures. These interaction networks are essential to shape the 3D architecture of the molecule, and also to provide the key elements to carry molecular functions such as protein or ligand binding. They are...

Electromagnetic signatures of the preclinical and prodromal stages of Alzheimer’s disease

Biomarkers useful for the predementia stages of Alzheimer’s disease are needed. Electroencephalography and magnetoencephalography (MEG) are expected to provide potential biomarker candidates for evaluating the predementia stages of Alzheimer’s disease. However, the physiological relevance of EEG/MEG signal changes and their role in pathophysiological processes such as amyloid...

Controlled Human Hookworm Infection: Accelerating Human Hookworm Vaccine Development

Controlled human hookworm infection (CHHI) is a central component of a proposed hookworm vaccination-challenge model (HVCM) to test the efficacy of candidate vaccines. Critical to CHHI is the manufacture of Necator americanus infective larvae (NaL3) according to current Good Manufacturing Practice (cGMP) and the determination of an inoculum of NaL3 that is safe and reliably...

The striatal kinase DCLK3 produces neuroprotection against mutant huntingtin

The neurobiological functions of a number of kinases expressed in the brain are unknown. Here, we report new findings on DCLK3 (doublecortin like kinase 3), which is preferentially expressed in neurons in the striatum and dentate gyrus. Its function has never been investigated. DCLK3 expression is markedly reduced in Huntington’s disease. Recent data obtained in studies related...

Factors influencing early referral, early diagnosis and management in patients with diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis

To gain insight into clinical practice regarding referral, early diagnosis and other aspects of the management of patients with dcSSc in Europe and the USA.

Convergent pathways of the hyperferritinemic syndromes

Hyperferritinemia and pronounced hemophagocytosis help distinguish a subset of patients with a particularly inflammatory and deadly systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Two clinically similar disorders typify these hyperferritinemic syndromes: hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) and macrophage activation syndrome (MAS). HLH is canonically associated with a complete...

Structural analyses of NEAT1 lncRNAs suggest long-range RNA interactions that may contribute to paraspeckle architecture

Paraspeckles are nuclear bodies that regulate multiple aspects of gene expression. The long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) NEAT1 is essential for paraspeckle formation. NEAT1 has a highly ordered spatial organization within the paraspeckle, such that its 5′ and 3′ ends localize on the periphery of paraspeckle, while central sequences of NEAT1 are found within the paraspeckle core. As...

Combined cistrome and transcriptome analysis of SKI in AML cells identifies SKI as a co-repressor for RUNX1

SKI is a transcriptional co-regulator and overexpressed in various human tumors, for example in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). SKI contributes to the origin and maintenance of the leukemic phenotype. Here, we use ChIP-seq and RNA-seq analysis to identify the epigenetic alterations induced by SKI overexpression in AML cells. We show that approximately two thirds of differentially...

Structural divergence creates new functional features in alphavirus genomes

Alphaviruses are mosquito-borne pathogens that cause human diseases ranging from debilitating arthritis to lethal encephalitis. Studies with Sindbis virus (SINV), which causes fever, rash, and arthralgia in humans, and Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV), which causes encephalitis, have identified RNA structural elements that play key roles in replication and pathogenesis...